Date: 8.13.2017 / Article Rating: 4 / Votes: 2282
Xqy.buyessayonline.cloudns.cx #Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare














Buy Essay Online Cheap - Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare

Nov/Fri/2017 | Uncategorized


Buy Essay Papers Online - Shakespeare Portrayed | Essay | Heilbrunn…

Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare,

Write my essay, paper - Living Shakespeare - Literature

Black Rhinoceros: an Endangered Species. The name #8220;rhino#8221; conjures up the image of Essay a prehistoric beast, a huge creature with skin of family armor. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare! This image is old testament not surprising, since these intelligent and affectionate creatures have inhabited the Earth for Essay Shakespeare, 60 million years. Mali Empire! An extinct species of rhino that lived in Essay Shakespeare Mongolia, (Baluchitherium grangeri), was the largest land mammal of old testament covenants all time. Essay On Disestablishing! This hornless rhinoceros stood 18 feet (five and one-half meters) at old testament the shoulder, was 27 feet (eight meters) long, and probably weighed 25 tons (23 metric tons), four times as much as today#8217;s African bull elephant. Essay On Disestablishing! This species probably died out of motivation because of climate change. The rhino may be the on Disestablishing Shakespeare, source of the define culture, belief in unicorns, legendary animals whose horn was said to be a panacea for all types of ailments. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare! In 1298, the Venetian explorer Marco Polo described Sumatran rhinos as unicorns saying: There are wild elephants in mali empire the country, and Shakespeare numerous unicorns, which are very nearly as big.

They have hair like that of a buffalo, feet like those of an elephant, and a horn in canadian the middle of the Shakespeare, forehead, which is black and canadian very thick. Today, all five species of rhinos are perilously close to extinction. The rate of their decline is truly astounding: in on Disestablishing the decade of the 1970s alone, half the world#8217;s rhino population disappeared. Today, less than 15 per mali empire cent of the 1970 population remains, an estimated 10,000 to 11,000 worldwide. The Javan and on Disestablishing Shakespeare Sumatran rhinos are near extinction. Indian rhinos may be coming back from the brink. Graduated Important! Of the two African species, the white rhino has rebounded from on Disestablishing Shakespeare, near extinction. (Contrary to its name, the canadian culture, white rhino is Essay Shakespeare not really white. Its name is speech on humanity a mistaken translation of the Dutch word #8220;wijde,#8221; which means #8220;wide#8221; and refers to Essay the rhino#8217;s broad, square lips.) The black rhino has not fared so well.

As recently as 1970, an maslow's estimated 65,000 black rhinos could be found throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Essay On Disestablishing! But in eastern Africa, 90 percent of them were killed in theory the 1970s. Now there are fewer than 2,500 left, in on Disestablishing pockets in Zimbabwe, South Africa, Kenya, Namibia, and Tanzania. Is Enlightenment Summary! The black rhino grows to 14 feet (four meters) long, stands over Essay, 4.5 feet (1 meter) at the shoulder, and of motivation weighs up to Shakespeare 3,900 pounds (1770 kg). Old Testament! It is recognizable by Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, its long, pointed, prehensile upper lip and two prominent horns, the longest of which averages 20 inches (50 cm). Define Culture! The horn is made up of Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare millions of mali empire tightly compacted hairlike fibers. The black rhino is on Disestablishing a formidable herbivore. It inhabits bush country with thick cover, grasslands, or open forest, where it browses on a wide variety of plants.

Unlike most large mammals, habitat loss has not been a significant factor in the decline of rhinos. Rather, poaching for speech on humanity, their horn has decimated rhino populations. As early as the 5th century B.C., rhino horn was believed capable of Essay on Disestablishing rendering some poisons harmless. In Borneo, people used to hang a rhino#8217;s tail in a room where a woman was giving birth, believing it would ease labor pains. What! Asians used rhino horn in Shakespeare traditional medicines for a thousand years without threatening the why is graduated important, species#8217; survival. It was not until the 1970s that rhinos declined dramatically, due to a surprising cause: the soaring price of oil. Young men in the Arab country of Essay Shakespeare Yemen covet rhino horn for elaborately-carved dagger handles, symbols of wealth and kant what is enlightenment summary status in Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare that country.

Until the 1970s, few men could afford these prized dagger handles. But Yemen and other Middle Eastern countries are rich in oil, and prices for this #8220;black gold#8221; climbed dramatically in that decade due to a worldwide oil shortage. Licensing Important! The result was a seven-fold increase in the per capita income in Shakespeare Yemen, a rise in wealth that made rhino horn dagger handles within the reach of old testament covenants almost everyone. This small country, with a population of 6 million at Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare the time, suddenly became the world#8217;s largest importer of rhino horn. Theory Of Motivation! The value of Essay Shakespeare rhino horn made it enormously profitable to poach rhinos and define sell them on on Disestablishing the black market.

For example, in 1990, the theory of motivation, two horns from a single black rhino brought as much as $50,000. Just like poaching for Essay Shakespeare, elephant ivory, poaching for rhino horn is Characteristics Classical Hero Demonstrated simply too profitable for many subsistence farmers and herders to Essay on Disestablishing resist. All trade in rhino horn is kant what is enlightenment summary prohibited, since rhinos are protected under Appendix I of Essay CITES . The ban on trade in rhino horns has not been very successful, however. A thriving black market in old testament covenants rhino horn has continued. On Disestablishing Shakespeare! In 1993, the mali empire, United States threatened to Essay ban legal imports of important wildlife from China, which has a large wildlife trade with the United States, if China did not start taking measures to stop illegal wildlife trade. In response, China made it illegal to sell, buy, trade, or transport rhino horns and Essay Shakespeare tiger bones. Illegal stockpiles of rhino horns and tiger bones remain, however. Speech! Rhinos live in some of the same African parks and reserves that provide habitat for elephants.

Protection of Essay elephant habitat was not enough. Covenants! Rhinos were killed in on Disestablishing Shakespeare protected areas because governments could not afford to patrol the parks to stop poachers. Of A Classical Hero Labours! Now, there are so few left that many rhinos are literally kept under armed guard. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare! They forage during the kant is enlightenment summary, day, accompanied by guards with rifles, and they are locked up at night under armed guard. Rhino horn is so valuable though, that poachers have killed guards to get at the rhino. The rhino#8217;s plight has become so desperate that in some places conservation officials tranquilize rhinos and saw off their horns so poachers will have no cause to kill them. Shakespeare! It is not known whether removing the horn impairs the rhino#8217;s ability to survive or reproduce. It is known, however, that in what is enlightenment summary some areas, a mother rhino uses her horn to defend her young from attacks by cats and Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare hyenas.

There are Species Survival Plans (SSP#8217;s) for four species of of motivation rhino. On Disestablishing Shakespeare! The Cincinnati Zoo and what is enlightenment Botanical Garden [ZA] manages the black rhino. Essay On Disestablishing! Other SSP#8217;s are: Jacksonville Zoological Park [ZA] (white rhino); Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservation Park [ZA] (Sumatran rhino); Los Angeles Zoo [ZA] (greater one-horned Asian rhino). Is it enough to simply prohibit trade in endangered wildlife and on humanity wildlife parts? What if the laws against Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare wildlife trade are not enforced?

Some people think the Characteristics of a Classical Hero in The of Hercules, only chance to Essay Shakespeare save rhinos from on humanity, extinction is to reduce demand for rhino horn. Can you think of ways to do this? What do you think of the practice of Essay on Disestablishing dehorning rhinos to protect them from poachers? Words in bold italics can be found in the glossary . to maslow's of motivation Promote the Plight of Endangered Species and the Efforts to Save Them.

Write My Research Paper for Me - Shakespeare Portrayed | Essay | Heilbrunn…

Buy Essays Cheap - Shakespeare Portrayed | Essay | Heilbrunn…

Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare,

Order Essay and Get It on Time - Living Shakespeare - Literature

How to Write a Cover Letter for Internships. Written by Shakespeare Laura Riley. Updated April 10, 2017. Laura Riley is a writer who specializes in career advice and mali empire, professional development. She has a Master’s degree in Student Affairs and Higher Education from Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, Miami University. You’ve heard it before: “No one actually reads a cover letter.” “Cover letters are pointless.” There’s actually proof that writing an outstanding cover letter can get you an internship. If you’re thinking, “Hmm I’m really not sold on this whole perfect cover letter thing.” Or maybe you’ve heard that college students don’t really need them. Hang tight.

I’m going to explain exactly what a professional cover letter is, why you need one, and most importantly, I’ll outline a step-by-step process to help you write an outstanding cover letter. And the best part? This article includes multiple, full-length cover letter samples. These samples will help you write a solid cover letter from beginning to old testament, end. One that’s good enough to secure your dream internship. Before we jump in, let’s take a look at exactly what’s included in this article : I’m sure this comes as no surprise:

As a college student, you will likely apply for internships (if you haven’t already!) As you may know, students who have internship experience increase their chance of securing a full-time job offer upon graduation. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Many interns actually accept offers before they even graduate. According to a study conducted by Vault, 73% of 7 reasons why is graduated licensing important, student interns said they received or expected to receive a full-time offer from Essay Shakespeare, their internship employer . Internships and cooperative education programs (co-ops) give you an opportunity to mali empire, gain experience in on Disestablishing your desired career field prior to graduation. By gaining hands-on, specialized experience, you become more competitive in 7 reasons licensing important the job market. Internship experience is important. To secure an on Disestablishing Shakespeare internship, you need to submit a quality resumé, cover letter, and at times, additional application requirements.

If you submit an outstanding application, you’ll receive an on humanity invitation to on Disestablishing Shakespeare, interview. And if you hit your interview out of the speech on humanity park, you’ll receive an Essay internship or job offer. This means that believing the theory myth that cover letters are irrelevant can be detrimental to Shakespeare, your professional success. Gods Tree? Your resumé and cover letter are the foundation of your success as a job applicant. Your cover letter basically exists to tell a company, “Hey, I really, really, really want this internship.” In a more professional way, of course. A professional cover letter is an important document to send in with your résumé when applying to a job. It provides additional information about Essay on Disestablishing, why you are the mali empire best candidate for on Disestablishing the job. After the employer reads your cover letter, you want them to read your resumé, check out your LinkedIn profile, visit your online portfolio, or better yet, do all three. On nearly every social media site, the first thing you do is mali empire, create a profile, or at minimum, a username. Let’s take Instagram for example.

When you land on Essay, an Instagram profile for the very first time, you quickly scan the user’s bio and the photos at the top of their feed. Gods Family Tree? If you aren’t immediately engaged by what you see, you probably won’t come back. On Disestablishing? Follow for a follow? No thanks. The same thing happens in the job search. Your cover letter acts as your Instagram bio. Your cover letter offers a first impression of who you are as a professional and what you’re all about. Graduated Licensing? It’s your chance to Essay Shakespeare, grab a recruiter’s attention. This means your cover letter has to be good! While you unfortunately can’t use emojis to amplify your cover letter, you can still make your cover letter interesting to read.

It’s your job to engage the hiring manager, recruiter, or search committee. In a sense, you want them to licensing, follow you. You want them to Essay, double-tap your activity and leave comments like, “We would love to hire you!” If you’re thinking, “ But that’s not always the case. People don’t always read cover letters .” You’re right. There are definitely recruiters who don’t read cover letters. But for maslow's every recruiter who doesn’t read your cover letter, there’s a recruiter who bases their entire hiring decision on on Disestablishing Shakespeare, how good your cover letter is. I recently talked to a hiring manager who was shocked at the number of applicants who didn’t submit a cover letter along with their resumé. She said, “I will NEVER hire an applicant who doesn’t submit a cover letter. It’s not that they’re unqualified, but I can’t put the maslow's theory of motivation experience on their resumé into Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, context.”

Don’t make that mistake. Particularly if your previous work experience doesn’t say a lot about how you’ll be a great fit for the company that you’re applying to. If you truly want an internship, you need a cover letter. Not spending time on speech on humanity, your cover letterbecause you assume it’s not going to be readcan be incredibly costly. And not hearing back from a company after you submit your application gets old really quickly. So, what’s the purpose of on Disestablishing Shakespeare, a cover letter anyway? The purpose of a cover letter is 3-fold: Introduce yourself to a prospective employer.

Communicate your interest in a specific position and company. Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate for the internship position. If done right, your cover letter will serve an actual purpose (beyond checking off an application requirement or turning in a class assignment). Your cover letter can get you an interview. If you’re familiar with how to write a resumé, you know the purpose of a resumé is to communicate your achievements to egypt gods family, a potential employer. Unlike a cover letter, a resumé never uses personal pronouns like “I” or “Me”. Instead of Essay Shakespeare, saying, “I created a social media campaign,” a resumé states, “Created social media campaign”. Because of this traditional formatting, it can be difficult for mali empire internship applicants to express their personality. “I feel like my resumé makes me sound super boring.” Guess who’s here to save the day? The misunderstood cover letter.

For some reason, cover letters don’t get the love they deserve. But cover letters are actually pretty cool. They can help you tell your professional story. Let’s look at an example. Say your resumé includes the following entry:

Volunteer, Community Food Pantry. Inspect and sort 100 pounds of food donations per week to ensure they meet quality and safety standards. While that’s a solid resumé bullet point, it doesn’t tell the entire story of why you chose to volunteer and Essay Shakespeare, what your experience with the food pantry taught you. The bullet point doesn’t discuss how volunteering changed you as a person, or influenced your professional goals, and most importantly, it doesn’t discuss how volunteering will help you excel at speech, your internship position. If we assume this volunteer experience is relevant to the internship you’re applying for, your cover letter provides a great opportunity to tell this story in on Disestablishing more detail. Here’s a good example of what you could write in mali empire your cover letter: “Through my volunteer work with the Community Food Pantry, I discovered my passion for nonprofit business. Each week, I collaborate with ten other volunteers to sort food donations. I am dedicated to ending poverty and hunger and would be thrilled to intern with the Hunger Relief Organization.”

Being able to tell your story is Shakespeare, what makes a cover letter incredibly valuable. This can set you apart as an applicant and most importantly, help you secure your dream internship or job! Before I explain how to format your cover letter , let’s review the three primary goals : Introduce yourself to a prospective employer. Communicate your interest in a position and company. Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate for 7 reasons why is graduated the position.

Let’s look at on Disestablishing Shakespeare, each goal in more detail. Goal 1: Introduce yourself to a prospective employer. The first goal is pretty straightforward. Is Enlightenment? In your cover letter, you need to formally introduce yourself to the hiring team. You can accomplish this in a single, well-crafted sentence. Below are two good examples: Example 1: “As a sophomore majoring in social work at University of Southern California, I am passionate about supporting vulnerable individuals and Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, groups.”

At a minimum, you should include your year in school (or when you plan to graduate), along with your degree, major, minor, or area of study. Goal 2: Communicate your interest in a position and company. A second requirement is to communicate your interest in kant what the position and Essay on Disestablishing, company. Old Testament Covenants? Always tailor your cover letter with the exact position title and the name of the company you’re applying to. Essay Shakespeare? Here are two great examples:

Example 1: “When I discovered the psychology internship with the Counseling Center on Internships.com, I was excited by the opportunity to gain exposure to the field of psychology alongside experienced psychologists and on humanity, counselors.” After you introduce yourself and communicate your interest in the position and Essay, company, there is one additional piece of information you must include. Don’t miss this step: Goal 3: Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate. This is the most common mistake students make. You need to connect the dots for an employer of how your journey and experiences make you the best candidate for the position. Don’t just say, “I’m the best candidate”. Prove it.

Explain what makes you well-qualified. Share the experiences and courses that have prepared you to be an effective, productive, outstanding professional with their company. Let’s look at an example. Say a company is seeking a graphic design intern. In the job description, the company outlines their minimum requirements: an intern who understands how to use Adobe Creative Suite, can effectively collaborate with a dynamic team, and understands basic design and marketing principles. Here’s one way to demonstrate how you’re the right pick for the job: My coursework, campus involvement, and professional experience make me a well-qualified applicant for family this position. Coursework . I have completed courses in Graphic Design and Photoimaging. As a result, I am proficient in Adobe Creative Suite. Campus involvement. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? For the past two years, I have been a member of the Graphic Design Club.

We collaborate to create websites and marketing materials for speech nonprofit organizations. Professional experience. As an employee with the Essay on Disestablishing Office of Fraternity and Sorority Affairs, I design marketing materials for on-campus events including Greek Week, along with various philanthropic events. There you have it! Introduce yourself to a prospective employer, communicate your interest in gods a position and company, and most importantly, explain why you’re a well-qualified applicant. Now that you understand the core components to any cover letter, let’s explore what makes each type of on Disestablishing, cover letter unique. What types of maslow's of motivation, cover letters are there?

As a college student, you should know about three different types of cover letters: Internship Cover Letters Entry-Level Cover Letters Cover Letters for on Disestablishing jobs where you do not have any relevant experience. I’ll outline what makes each of these cover letters unique and explain exactly how to write a cover letter tailored to an internship and an entry-level position. I’ll also show you how to solve the problem of not having “relevant” experience. What makes an internship cover letter unique? By definition, an internship is a position in an organization where a student or trainee can gain work experience. While the organization does not expect you to come in with years of experience, they expect you to come ready to learn. Though you’re undoubtedly contributing to mali empire, the organization as an intern, internships provide an opportunity for you to learn while gaining hands-on experience in Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare your desired field.

So what’s the bottom line? An internship cover letter must explain what you want to learn and why you want to learn it. Tell the organization how their specific internship complements your academics. Outline why you’re interested in mali empire joining the organization. Explain how the internship will help you develop as a professional and on Disestablishing, set you up for speech success upon graduation. But don’t forget, you also need to communicate mutual benefit. While you want to grow as a professional, you need to add value to their team too. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? So it’s important that you tell the company exactly what you can bring to speech on humanity, their organization (in addition to Shakespeare, what you want to graduated important, learn). Let’s look at a couple of examples:

Example 1: “I am excited by the chance to contribute to ABC Company and am prepared to engage in continuous learning. I intentionally pursue professional development and value non-stop growth as described by the internship description.” Example 2: “Shadowing case managers and attending mental health meetings seems like an incredibly beneficial experience. I am excited by the chance to contribute to your organization and am prepared to engage in continuous learning.” Both examples not only on Disestablishing Shakespeare explain what the applicant is egypt gods family tree, excited to Essay Shakespeare, learn, but also each applicant mentions how they’re excited to contribute to kant what, the organization. Explaining what you want to learn is an essential component to writing a cover letter for Essay an internship or co-op experience. What makes an entry-level cover letter unique? If you’re in your last year of college, then this section is for you. You’re preparing to start a full-time job upon graduation.

Congrats! An entry-level cover letter differs slightly from an mali empire internship cover letter. While it’s still important to communicate how the position aligns with your professional goals, you need to emphasize why you’re well-qualified for the position. At the Essay on Disestablishing beginning of this article, I outlined how to demonstrate your qualifications. You need to explain what experiences and kant is enlightenment summary, courses have prepared you to be an effective, productive, outstanding professional with their company. Your cover letter should answer the following questions:

Why are you well-prepared for the position? What specific experiences prepared you for the position? How has your academic coursework provided the knowledge to excel in this entry level role? Entry-level positions are undoubtedly competitive. You need to on Disestablishing Shakespeare, market yourself effectively and communicate your value to an employer. Convince them to hire you! How do I write a cover letter if I don’t have relevant experience? If you don’t have “relevant” experience, come on down off that ledge. I’ve heard it before: “I can’t get a job without experience, but I can’t get experience without a job.” Yes, you can.

Here’s how: Let’s say you want to apply for a marketing internship. Below are the requirements of the internship as outlined by maslow's the job description: Sophomore or junior standing Pursuing a Bachelor’s degree in business, communications, advertising, or related field Strong teamwork, communication, and critical thinking skills. Familiarity with Adobe Creative Suite Experience with SPSS. Pretend you’re currently a sophomore at Essay Shakespeare, a large, public university. Because classes fill up quickly, you haven’t taken any major-specific courses. This year you completed Business 101 and Management 105, but you have zero marketing experience. Beyond classes, you’re an active member of an on-campus organization called Women in Business, but in terms of mali empire, work experience, you only have a part-time waitressing job on on Disestablishing Shakespeare, the weekends.

You’re still qualified. This is where transferrable skills come in. A transferable skill is a skill that is relevant regardless of the position you are applying for. Old Testament Covenants? You take these skills from job to job. Common examples of Essay on Disestablishing, transferable skills include teamwork, organization, communication, time management, and old testament, leadership. Think back to the example above. As a waitress, you collaborate with wait staff, provide customer service to restaurant patrons, and communicate effectively to ensure orders are submitted correctly. Are you thinking: “Okay, but how is that relevant to marketing?” The internship outlined above requires strong teamwork skills. On Disestablishing? You have those.

It’s your job to demonstrate your ability to what, work in a team. Here’s an Essay Shakespeare example of what you could write in your cover letter: “As a member of Women in Business, a 60-person student-run organization, I collaborate with my peers to mali empire, plan leadership events and bring speakers to campus. Essay Shakespeare? In addition, as a waitress at Good Food Restaurant, I work with a 6-person team to ensure high-quality service and satisfied guests. I enjoy collaborating with colleagues and would appreciate the opportunity to learn alongside your team of experienced marketing professionals.” You have the skills.

You just have to prove it. Even if you don’t have hours of specialized work experience in your field of 7 reasons, study, you have more transferable skills than you realize. Give yourself some credit. At this point, we’ve already covered quite a bit. You understand what a cover letter is, what purpose it serves, and why you need one as a college student. You know three types of Essay Shakespeare, cover letters and what makes each type unique. 7 Reasons Why Is Graduated Licensing Important? You also understand how to leverage transferable skills when you don’t have “relevant” experience. Let’s get to the actual writing. How should you format your cover letter? Whichever type of cover letter is most appropriate for youinternship, entry level, or no relevant experiencethe fundamentals remain the same. While you want to stand out and Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, be creative, there are a few specifications you need to abide by.

In this section I’ll discuss the following: length, margins, font size, font style, color, quantity of paragraphs, and bullet point usage. (We've gone into even more detail about the different cover letter formats in our Cover Letter Format Guide for Internships article) Length: As I’ve mentioned, a cover letter gives you a chance to tell your story. But slow down. You aren’t writing a novel. A cover letter should never be longer than one, single-spaced page. Mali Empire? In terms of word count, your letter will typically be only 200-400 words. Margins : It’s best to use standard 1-inch margins, but you may use margins as small as .5 inches. Whatever you choose, be sure the on Disestablishing margin size is consistent on all sides. Font : When choosing a font, make sure it’s easy to read.

Some appropriate fonts include Arial, Calibri, Garamond, Georgia, Tahoma, or Times New Roman. Stay away from fancy curls and fonts that only belong on graduated, horror movie posters. As a way to Essay on Disestablishing, brand yourself, you may choose a different font for your name in the header of your cover letter. Other than this exception, be sure to use the same font throughout for of motivation consistency’s sake. Font Size: Use size 10- to 12-point font. Essay On Disestablishing? This will ensure the font is large enough to read, but small enough to create a professional and polished look.

Color : Unless you’re a graphic design major or a creative professional, you’ll typically use black font. If you’re applying to a creative industry, a tasteful splash of color may be appropriate (recommendations are covered at speech, the end of this article in more detail). If you’re printing your cover letter to Essay Shakespeare, mail or use at a career fair, use black ink on white, cream, or ivory paper. Left align each paragraph. There is no need to kant what summary, indent the Essay Shakespeare first sentence of each paragraph. Instead “Return/Enter” between each paragraph. Theory? This will create a balance of text and whitespace, making your cover letter easier to read.

Bullet Points: Some resumés use a lot of bullet points to outline someone’s accomplishments, but can bullet points be used on a cover letter? Sparingly. Use bullet points to briefly summarize information where appropriate. For example, you may write something like this: My academic background, communication skills, and Essay, leadership experience have prepared me well for this computer science internship. Academic background. I have completed courses in computer science, statistics, and speech, systems programming resulting in a 3.9 Major GPA. Communication skills. As the professional development chair of University of Southern California’s Computer Science student organization, I develop and Essay on Disestablishing, facilitate computer science presentations.

Leadership experience. Speech On Humanity? This year, my classmates elected me as the sophomore representative for the college student government assembly. Bullet points can be an effective way to communicate multiple qualifications, while abiding by the one-page length requirement. Those are the Essay Shakespeare basic style guidelines when it comes to creating a cover letter. Now let’s check out the key sections of a letter. What are the key sections of your cover letter? The following are essential cover letter sections: header, date, greeting, company address, and maslow's of motivation, salutation. I’ll define each section and on Disestablishing Shakespeare, discuss exactly what to include. I’ll also share detailed examples of what to write. Header : A cover letter header is the speech information at the top of your cover letter. It includes your name and contact information, the date you’re applying, and the company’s mailing address.

In the Shakespeare header, it’s important to include your full name. If you’re in the process of changing your name, plan to change your name during the speech on humanity recruitment process, or recently changed your name, it may be appropriate to Shakespeare, include your new name with your former name in parentheses. If your name is “Elizabeth” and kant what summary, you go by “Beth,” then it’s entirely acceptable to use Beth on your documents. If your legal name is “Wayne” and you prefer to go by “Thomas,” then you may write it as “Thomas (Wayne) Johnson” to avoid any confusion. When it comes to contact information, you should include your email address and a phone number where the on Disestablishing Shakespeare company can reach you with follow-up questions, or to old testament, schedule an interview. You may also choose to include a URL link to your LinkedIn profile or an online portfolio showcasing your work.

Here’s the most important part: You must use a professional email address. Your school email address is a good option. If you prefer to use a personal email, make sure it’s professional. While you want to Essay, stand out, a creative email address like alliecat@ or iwantajob@ isn’t the way to mali empire, do it. Create a generic johnsmith1@ account, or use the .edu email address provided by your university.

Unprofessional email addresses get resumés rejected more than 75% of the time. Date : After you include your name and contact information, you need to include the date you’re applying for the position. Right-align the date in Shakespeare the space below below your name and contact information. Company Address: While you probably won’t snail mail your cover letter, as a professional document, tradition tells us to include the company mailing address. Maslow's Theory Of Motivation? Although you’re not typically submitting a hard copy of your resumé, after sending off your application, it’s in the possession of human resources. You don’t know if it will be printed, mailed, sent to Essay on Disestablishing, another department for review, or any combination of these scenarios. Determine the company name, mailing address, and department (if applicable). Left-align this information after the gods tree date. Greeting : The most appropriate option for a greeting is ‘Dear’. It’s also advantageous to refer to the hiring manager by their name in your salutation. Essay Shakespeare? For example, “Dear Ms.

Mary Johnson,”. When writing the salutation, ensure the name and title are correct. Egypt Family Tree? For example, a person with the on Disestablishing name ‘Taylor’, may prefer the title Mr., Ms., Mrs., or none of the above. Make sure you use the correct title before their surname. If you don’t know what to use, opt for of motivation their first and last name only. Salutation: Don’t use “To Whom It May Concern”, or “Dear Sir/Madam”. Do your homework and figure out the “Whom” actually entails. If you’re lucky, a company will list a contact person near the bottom of the job description.

Use this contact name in your cover letter. If the Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare company does not specify who the hiring manager or recruiter is, still do not resort to, “To Whom It May Concern”. In this case, here’s what you should do: After thoroughly reviewing the job description, work up the courage to call human resources. HR is your friend, so there’s no need to what, be anxious. Here’s what you could say: “Hi, I’m preparing an application for your open internship position #12345. I’m wondering who the Essay hiring manager is for this position.” Oftentimes, human resources will provide you with the information.

Other times, they may say, “Just address it to HR.” In this case, I recommend using “Dear Hiring Manager and Search Committee” as your salutation. Now that we’ve covered the basic formatting rules and the core sections of a cover letter, let’s talk about an incredibly important rule for every cover letter you write. Don’t forget this: You must tailor your cover letter to every single position and unique company you apply to. What does it mean to tailor a cover letter? Tailoring a cover letter is exactly what it sounds like. 7 Reasons Graduated Important? A tailor, or a person who alters clothing, adjusts clothing to fit unique, individual people. A shirt tailored for Person A will not fit Person B as well as it fits Person A. Shakespeare? You should take the same approach when writing a cover letter.

It’s kind of like giving a birthday gift. While you could safely give any person a gift of maslow's theory of motivation, cash, it can come off as impersonal (like you forgot it was even their birthday). Why? Because it’s a generic gift. Just as you would avoid giving a generic gift to Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, your best friend. You should avoid giving a generic cover letter to your dream employer. In short, you should never submit the exact same cover letter to more than one position or company. Tailoring a cover letter requires additional effort on your behalf. You need to speech on humanity, conduct company research and Essay, understand the 7 reasons why is graduated licensing position inside and out. You’ll use this information to create a unique cover letter that is appropriate for on Disestablishing Shakespeare a specific job and a unique company. If you’re thinking, “How would one company know if I send them the same exact cover letter I sent another company?”

Truth be told, they probably won’t find out. Speech? But that’s not the point. If your cover letter is so generic that you can submit it to multiple positions at different companies, it’s not unique enough. Shakespeare? The recruiter will immediately recognize your cover letter as a generic template, and it will end up in the trash can. Let’s go back to the birthday gift analogy. When you purchase a birthday gift for mali empire your best friend, you most likely base your decision on a few things: What are they interested in? What do they enjoy? What do they need? What do they want? You then use what you know about your friend to Shakespeare, inform your decision of mali empire, what to Essay on Disestablishing, buy.

It’s the same when it comes to writing a cover letter. You must conduct company research to answer similar questions: What type of candidate is the company interested in? What does the company value and enjoy? What needs and pain points does the company need to mali empire, solve? What does the company want from you as an applicant? To be successful, you must integrate the answers to these questions into your cover letter. While some of the content in each letter will undoubtedly overlap, do your best to Essay on Disestablishing, create unique content for each position. While the gods tree term ‘research’ can be intimidating, I have good news:

You don’t have to Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, be a scientist to speech, do good research. To conduct company research, there are a few key resources: Explore the company website. Google the company to Essay on Disestablishing, discover current events. Visit websites such as Glassdoor.com, where candidates, current employees, and former employees rate companies. Some examples of what you may research are the mali empire company mission, vision, or recent news. You’re looking for information that is on Disestablishing, relevant to the position and details that make you excited about the company. At this point, you understand what a cover letter is and old testament, what it means to tailor your cover letter. This cover letter template is not tailored to Shakespeare, any specific company or position. This is a bad, scratch that, TERRIBLE cover letter:

To Whom It May Concern, I am writing to apply for what summary an internship I recently found on your website. I believe I am the Essay best candidate for graduated licensing this position based on my academic coursework and my relevant experience. I match exactly what you are looking for in a candidate. As a college student, I understand how to use Microsoft Word and Excel. I am passionate, detail oriented, and hard-working. I am really excited about the opportunity to join your company. Attached you will find my resumé which explains my experience in Essay on Disestablishing further detail. Thank you for your time. I look forward to the possibility of interviewing.

It may be more appropriate to end that letter with, “I am sincerely boring,” but you get the covenants point. In brief, this is what is wrong with the above example: X No header (i.e. applicant name, contact information, date, company address) X Generic and outdated salutation (i.e. “To Whom It May Concern”) X Cliché and Essay on Disestablishing, boring introduction.

X No mention of the internship title. X No mention of the kant what summary company name. X No proof as to why the applicant is the “best candidate” X Applicant includes generic skills (i.e. Microsoft Office and Excel)

Don’t write a cover letter like this. You will put the Essay on Disestablishing recruiter to sleep. Minneapolis, MN 12345. Fashion and kant summary, Design. New York City, NY 56789. Dear Ms. Debra Glod, When I discovered the fashion internship with XYZ Company on Internships.com, I was excited by Shakespeare the opportunity to complement my coursework with experience in a fast-paced environment. Old Testament? As a junior majoring in Fashion Merchandising at University of Southern California, I am passionate about creating original concepts and Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, executing designs.

My leadership experience, design coursework, and creative portfolio make me a well-qualified applicant for this position. Leadership experience. Theory Of Motivation? As the President of the on-campus student organization, Fashion and Business, I produce an annual fashion show with over 30 models and 250 attendees. Design coursework. I have a 3.9 Major GPA after taking introduction to textiles, fashion sketching, computer-aided fashion design, and advanced apparel development. Creative portfolio. My portfolio includes original sketches and drawings created in Adobe Illustrator. It can be viewed by visiting dakotatailor@design.com. As described by the internship description, I am eager to Essay Shakespeare, grow into 7 reasons important, a bold and Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, interactive designer.

I believe your organization provides a rewarding opportunity to engage in continuous learning. My enclosed resumé expands on my leadership experience and academic coursework. As I prepare for a career in speech on humanity fashion, I am dedicated to understanding the field by collaborating with an experienced design and Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, production team. Thank you for your time and of motivation, consideration. I look forward to Shakespeare, hearing from you soon. In brief, this is a great example because it includes the following: ? Name, contact information, date, and company address. ? Tailored salutation including the what is enlightenment hiring manager’s first and Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, last name. ? Unique introduction that communicates the applicant’s interest and passion in old testament the position, company, and Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, industry. ? Specific internship title “Fashion Internship” ? Company name, “XYZ Company” ? Use of the term “well-qualified applicant” vs. “best candidate” ? Unique skills that are relevant to the position (i.e. leadership, design, and creative work) ? Description of the applicant’s desire to gods family, grow as a professional. Use this as a model when crafting your letter.

What to include in your actual cover letter? Now I’m going to walk you through a 4-step process for writing a cover letter. This process helps you narrow down your experience and determine what is most relevant to the position and Essay Shakespeare, company. You only have one page to communicate how you match exactly what the employer is what is enlightenment, looking for in a candidate. Let’s use a 4-step process to accomplish this task. Step 1: Highlight the job description. Step 2: Select three job responsibilities you want to focus on in your cover letter. Step 3: Identify three of your accomplishments that are relevant to those responsibilities. Step 4: Connect your accomplishments to the qualifications the Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare employer seeks. I’ll take you through each step and describe exactly what to do.

This is an effective way to mali empire, write a cover letter. Let’s jump in! Step 1: Highlight the job description. You may be asking, “What’s the point of this?”. As you already know, the purpose of a cover letter is to get a potential employer to Essay on Disestablishing, read your resumé. You do this by demonstrating how you match exactly what they’re looking for. Well, what are they looking for? The answer to this question is in the job description. The purpose of this step is to determine the most important requirements.

To highlight the job description, either print a hard copy and grab an actual highlighter, or copy and paste the contents of the job description into kant what is enlightenment summary, your favorite word processing program. You should make note of the following: Core responsibilities Required qualifications Preferred qualifications Keywords Patterns and themes. A job description will typically label the core responsibilities, required qualifications, and preferred qualifications. Shakespeare? Those should be easy to determine. That being said, there won’t be a section labeled “Keywords” or “Themes.” This is theory, where you have to on Disestablishing, do a little work.

It’s your job to read through the job description and determine what is most important to the employer. Ask yourself the on humanity following questions: What words are repeated throughout the Essay job description? What responsibilities are emphasized in the job description? Let’s look at the following example of a job description for speech a marketing internship. The example outlines responsibilities, minimum qualifications, and preferred characteristics. Essay? Carefully read through each section. Marketing Internship Job Description. Conduct social media marketing campaigns Collect quantitative and qualitative data Perform market analysis and research on old testament covenants, competitors Collaborate with co-interns and marketing team to analyze data Support marketing team in daily administrative tasks Present findings to marketing team. Sophomore or junior standing Pursuing a bachelor’s degree Interested in Essay Shakespeare marketing and/or business-related career Effective writing and old testament, verbal communication skills.

Pursuing a degree in marketing, business, graphic design, communications, or a related area of study. When you review this job description, a few things should be obvious. Essay On Disestablishing? You know the egypt gods employer is Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, looking for an intern who is on humanity, interested in social media marketing and data analysis. On Disestablishing? After further review, you can also make an additional conclusion: Conclusion : The company seeks an intern who is an mali empire effective communicator. Clues : The job description not only requires someone with “effective writing and verbal communication skills”, but the intern must also be able to collaborate with colleagues and on Disestablishing Shakespeare, present findings to the marketing team. Both of kant what, these responsibilities require a heightened level of communication.

That’s a pattern or theme. After reviewing the Essay on Disestablishing job description in detail, you observe a common thread, pattern, or theme regarding one skill across multiple bullet points. Mali Empire? Use this knowledge to your advantage. Dedicate several sentences in on Disestablishing Shakespeare your cover letter to proving how you’re an effective communicator. For example, you may write: “After reviewing the job description, it is clear that XYZ Company values effective communication. If hired as the Marketing Intern, I would leverage my experience in Toastmasters International, a non-profit organization dedicated to helping members develop public speaking and leadership skills. I have a proven ability to communicate messages effectively and would apply this ability as a Marketing Intern.”

Let’s say you highlight the job description and determine there are ten core responsibilities and qualifications the employer wants. Do you write about theory, all ten? Probably not. If you remember correctly, a cover letter can only be one page long. Essay On Disestablishing? You cannot adequately cover ten different requirements in a single page. So how do you determine which skills to kant is enlightenment, focus on?

This is where step two comes in. Step 2: Select which job responsibilities you want to focus on. After you review the Essay Shakespeare job description in old testament covenants detail and highlight the most important parts, you need to on Disestablishing Shakespeare, choose which of the many responsibilities you want to focus on in your cover letter. Unless the job description is very shortand the company only highlights three requirementsit’s unlikely you will be able to discuss every single requirement in old testament covenants your cover letter. Here’s what you do: Determine what the company values the most . What does the company emphasize in the job description? Take into consideration your own experience and qualifications. If the job requires communication, teamwork, accounting, and Essay, customer service, and you’re not confident in your accounting skills, then you don’t need to focus on what, that requirement in your cover letter. Essay On Disestablishing? At the same time, if accounting skills are listed as a minimum required qualification, then you’re not qualified for the internship. Take time to narrow down not only what is most important from the company’s perspective, but also what you are most qualified for.

To simplify the writing process, I recommend choosing three job responsibilities to focus on. Once you do this, you’re ready for step three. Step 3: Identify specific accomplishments that are relevant to those responsibilities. After you’ve identified three job responsibilitiesas outlined in the job descriptionyou now need to identify specific accomplishments that are relevant to speech on humanity, those responsibilities. You should only Essay on Disestablishing highlight the most relevant accomplishments. Not necessarily the most exciting achievement, but instead, the accomplishments and activities that are closely related to what you would actually be doing with the company. After choosing three requirements and three accomplishments, you’re ready for what step four. Step 4: Connect your accomplishments to the qualifications they seek.

In a sense, you need to put together the pieces of the Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare puzzle. Kant Is Enlightenment Summary? You need to demonstrate how your skills and accomplishments match what the Shakespeare company is looking for. You have three responsibilities and three accomplishments. Covenants? Connect the Shakespeare dots. Maslow's Theory Of Motivation? We’ll look at additional examples of how to Essay Shakespeare, do this in the next section. How do I write the old testament introduction, body, and Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, closing? As with any good story, the old testament cover letter has a beginning, middle, and end. I will refer to Essay Shakespeare, these as the introduction, body, and closing. Let’s look at old testament covenants, each section in further detail. I’ll describe how to write each section and show you real samples of Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, what you could write.

Th intrduction two a covr leter is crushal. If you want your cover letter to end up in the trash in record-breaking time, make an ugly spelling error in 7 reasons graduated licensing important your first sentence. Hiring managers quickly disqualify candidates from consideration because of spelling errors. The core components of your introduction include the following: 1) Briefly introduce why you’re writing. 2) Give a short overview of on Disestablishing, who you are. 3) Tailor the introduction to the company and position.

If you want to immediately bore a recruiter, open your letter with, “I am writing to mali empire, apply for”. As one of the Essay Shakespeare most common introductions, that’s not an what is enlightenment effective way to Essay Shakespeare, stand out old testament covenants from the other applicants. Even if you spend significant time tailoring the rest of Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, your cover letter, a recruiter may assume you submitted a template because the phrase is so overused. It’s cookie cutter and unfortunately, we’re not making cookies. Avoid this phrase and replace it with something more creative. Begin your cover letter with a sentence that communicates your personality, while still remaining professional. You can accomplish this by starting with a personal anecdote. For example, you could write: “When I was a teaching assistant at mali empire, my local middle school, I discovered my passion for working with kids. I am committed to”

Don’t feel confined by what is considered standard or traditional. As long as your content is professional, you can be a little creative. Essay Shakespeare? This is your opportunity to infuse your personality. Think of maslow's of motivation, it this way: If you were reading a cover letter, what would engage you?

As you explore samples, make note of the cover letters that seem boring and those that inspire you to keep reading. After you engage the reader, it is important to demonstrate two things: You did your research. You tailored the letter to Essay, the specific company and position. Here are a few great examples: “When I discovered the old testament environmental science internship on on Disestablishing Shakespeare, Internships.com, I was immediately excited by the opportunity to join a sustainable organization like XYZ Company.” This opening sentence indicates your interest, why you’re writing, and maslow's, demonstrates that you researched the company. Essay? By including the single word “sustainable,” the company will know that you did your research, provided they’re truly a sustainable company.

It may be tempting to say, “I believe I am the best candidate for the position.” This is an empty claim. Instead, use the remainder of the letter to prove that you are well-qualified for the position. Those are the building blocks of a quality introduction. Speech? One succinct, yet engaging paragraph where you do the Essay Shakespeare following: State why you are writing.

Provide a brief overview of who you are. Maslow's? Tailor to company and Essay on Disestablishing, position. Give a brief overview of what you’re about to discuss in the body. If done well, the introduction will invite the recruiter to licensing important, continue reading. Let’s talk about what you include in on Disestablishing Shakespeare the body. How do I write the body of a cover letter? After you grab the mali empire recruiter’s attention with an engaging introduction, it’s time to craft a compelling body. The purpose of the body is to prove your qualifications to the reader. It’s important to be specific about your qualifications and clearly describe how they relate to the position. This is where you need to Essay Shakespeare, match the requirements outlined in the job description with your most relevant skills and qualifications.

Let’s look at two different examples. Here’s an example using bullet points: My academic coursework, communication skills, and leadership experience have prepared me well for speech this position. Academic coursework. I have completed courses in business communications, marketing, and strategic human resource management, resulting in a 3.8 GPA. Communication skills. As the Essay Shakespeare professional development chair of University of Southern California’s SHRM Chapter, I develop and facilitate presentations on behalf of the organization.

Leadership experience. This year, my classmates elected me as the junior representative for the college student government assembly. I am excited by the chance to contribute to your organization and am prepared to kant summary, engage in continuous learning. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? I intentionally pursue professional development and 7 reasons graduated important, value non-stop growth as described by on Disestablishing Shakespeare the internship description. Here’s a traditional example (without bullet points): As outlined in the job description, it is clear you seek an intern who is theory of motivation, familiar with human resources. Essay? Over the past two years, I have completed courses in business communications, marketing, and strategic human resource management, resulting in a 3.8 Major GPA. I would leverage this understanding to advance the Human Resources division with your company. Additionally, as the professional development chair of University of on humanity, Southern California’s SHRM Chapter, I develop and on Disestablishing, facilitate presentations on behalf of the organization. I have a proven ability to maslow's, communicate effectively in writing and in person. I am well prepared to present information on behalf of human resources and Essay Shakespeare, would enjoy learning alongside your skilled team of representatives.

I am excited by the chance to contribute to your organization and am prepared to engage in continuous learning. The most important part of the body is on humanity, demonstrating how you match the requirements outlined in the job description . If you can do that, you will set yourself up for Shakespeare success. How do I write the conclusion of a cover letter? Finally, like any good letter or story, you need a well-crafted conclusion. In the closing section, you should do a few things: Summarize why you are qualified for the position.

Express your appreciation for their time and kant what, consideration. Here’s a solid example of how to wrap up a cover letter: My enclosed resumé expands on my academic coursework, communication skills, and leadership experience. As I prepare for a career in Essay human resources, I am eager to gain a more detailed understanding of the field. Egypt? Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to hearing from on Disestablishing Shakespeare, you soon. That’s it. 7 Reasons Why Is Licensing? An introduction, body, and conclusion tailored to the company and position. Prove that you can do the job and you’re incredibly excited by the opportunity. We’ve covered a lot so far. By this point, you understand what a cover letter is, the Essay on Disestablishing purpose, why you need one, and a step-by-step process for maslow's theory of motivation writing an outstanding letter tailored to a unique position and company.

Now let’s check out the top 10 tips for crafting your cover letter. Top 10 cover letter tips and hacks. Be a person. If you think back to earlier in this article, you’ll remember a common resumé concern is: “I feel like my resumé makes me super boring.” The same can happen with your cover letter. I highly recommend infusing your personality.

In addition to highlighting your skills and Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, campus involvement, your cover letter should express your individual personality. You’re a human after all. Make sure your cover letter expresses who you are. Address the maslow's right person. I shared tips for finding the correct person to address your cover letter to.

Make sure you not only find the correct person, but adjust the salutation for each letter you write. It can be an awful mistake to tailor your entire cover letter and on Disestablishing, forget to look up the correct contact person. Worse yet, you leave the contact person from the last company you applied to on your letter to a new company. Make sure you address the correct person and spell their name correctly. Engage the covenants reader at the beginning. Just like a good book, the first sentence of your cover letter needs to draw the reader in. Avoid cliché phrases like, “I am writing to Essay Shakespeare, apply for your internship.” Or, “I’m writing in tree response to your recently advertised position.” Instead, write something unique, yet professional.

Share your passion. If you have a connection with the company, don’t be afraid to name drop. Name dropping is Essay on Disestablishing, when you include the name of a friend, family member, or acquaintance who is connected to the company. If done correctly, this may improve your credibility and your chances of securing the kant what internship or full-time position. For example, you may write: “After speaking with the current principal, Kathy Johnson, at your meet-and-greet event, I am incredibly excited to apply for the summer school teaching position with Unicorn Unified School District.” Name dropping can showcase your professional network, while signifying an extra level of effort. Focus on Essay Shakespeare, the most relevant examples. What Is Enlightenment? Do not include a comprehensive list of your college involvement. Your cover letter should not look like you turned the contents of your resumé into complete sentences and paragraphs.

Instead, choose a few relevant examples and tell a story. Be specific. Don’t write, “I conducted in-depth marketing research”. Instead write, “I used SPSS to analyze survey data.” Using generic claims and buzzwords does not add value to your cover letter. Tell the hiring manager exactly what you did and why it matters to their company. Showcase the results of your work. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Let’s extend the previous example, “I used SPSS to analyze survey data.” Why did you do that? What was the result of your work?

And most importantly, why does it matter to the employer? To strengthen that sentence, you could write, “I used SPSS to covenants, analyze survey data and better understand the target audience. This experience will be incredibly beneficial as a Marketing Intern with ABC Company. Include key ideas as outlined in the job description. Earlier in the article, I told you how to determine keywords and patterns by reviewing the job description. Here’s a trick for finding keywords. Essay On Disestablishing? Use the ‘Find’ function.

The ‘Findrsquo function is a keyboard function where you press and hold Control+F (Windows), or Command+F (Mac). After you release the buttons, a search box will appear on your screen. Type in likely keywords such as “communication” or ldquo;communicate”. Your computer will highlight every appearance of this word. Determining where the word is used will help you tailor your cover letter. Keep it brief. No cover letter should be longer than one page.

By focusing on the most relevant skills and old testament, not reiterating your entire resumé, you’ll be well on your way to writing a succinct cover letter. At the Shakespeare same time, you need to find a happy medium. Mali Empire? Your letter should not be several sentences. Create 3-5 well-written, concise, yet detailed paragraphs. Follow the employer’s instructions. The employer’s instructions outweigh any recommendation you find online (or in this article). On Disestablishing Shakespeare? If the employer asks you to answer a specific question, or share your availability in old testament covenants the cover letter, follow their instructions. There are a few exceptions to on Disestablishing, this rule.

It is against the law for mali empire an employer to ask you for the following information: What country are you from? Is English your first language? Do you drink socially? Are you married? Have you ever been arrested? What religious holidays do you observe? Do you have children?

If an on Disestablishing Shakespeare employer requests this information (or any other information you feel uncomfortable sharing), you do not need to include that information in your application. It may be a red flag and you probably do not want to work for family that company. Those are the top 10 cover letter tips and Essay on Disestablishing, tricks! Be sure to check out our seperate article regarding cover letter tips and tricks. Next let’s check out some common cover letter pitfalls and graduated licensing important, how to avoid them. Top 10 cover letter mistakes to Shakespeare, avoid. Typos. I can’t say this too many times. Ensure that your cover letter is free of typos.

Review the mali empire letter yourself, read the letter out Essay loud, and have a friend check it over. You will kill your chances of being interviewed if you make one too many mistakes. Focusing too much on yourself. A cover letter is your chance to explain why you’re qualified and passionate about the job opportunity, but it is speech, not ALL about you. The key to a great cover letter is explaining how you can solve a problem for on Disestablishing Shakespeare the employer. You need to explain why you’re interested in the company. Be careful not to focus on yourself too much. Not tailoring your letter to the company or position.

Generic phrases such as “Dear employer” or “I would love to work for your company” can create an altogether weak cover letter. Take my advice and tailor your cover letter to the specific position and company. Dissect the job description and gods family tree, conduct company research. You will quickly stand out as a quality applicant if you can prove your interest in Shakespeare the position and organization. Including taboo topics.

Sometimes it can be difficult to know what’s allowable and what is taboo. While you want to add personality to your cover letter, you must avoid writing about things that are uncomfortable or irrelevant to egypt, the position. Do not include information that is considered protected class such as your religion or race. Unless these are integral to the positionfor example, you’re applying to be a choir director at a churchthese are unnecessary additions. Being cliché. I get it.

It can be tempting to Google, “cover letter sample” and use a ready-made template found on the internet. While this may seem like the easy option, it will hurt your chances of Essay on Disestablishing, securing an internship or full-time job. Recruiters review resumés every day. They can immediately spot a template cover letter. If you found the cover letter example online, so can they.

Take time to mali empire, write a unique cover letter that expresses your personality and communicates your qualifications. Rewriting your resumé. A cover letter is not a resumé. It serves an on Disestablishing Shakespeare entirely different purpose. Don’t waste cover letter space by simply reiterating what is on your resumé. Include a story, integrate your personality, talk about the company, and discuss your passion. Over-explaining. Don’t be a rambler. Take time to covenants, cut out unnecessary words and phrases. Refrain from repeating the same skill multiple times with different examples. If you want to discuss how you’re an excellent public speaker, share one example.

Remember, you submit a cover letter and resumé in Essay hopes of securing an interview. If you receive an kant is enlightenment summary invitation to interview, you’ll have the opportunity to describe your experiences in Essay further detail. Being too pushy. If you search the on humanity web for cover letter samples, you’ll inevitably come across samples that say something like, I will call your office in a week to schedule an interview. While you want to present yourself as an assertive and confident professional, that approach is typically too pushy and can hurt your chances of getting an interview. An alternative is to say, I welcome the Shakespeare opportunity to speak with you about how I can contribute. Mali Empire? Or “I look forward to hearing from you soon.” You can communicate your sincere interest without being pushy. Starting with your name. While your name is an important piece of information to Shakespeare, include on your cover letter, opening a letter with “My name is Casey Smith” takes away prime real estate. Instead, start with a relevant skill or qualification to grab their attention.

Unless you’re a celebrity and everybody knows your name, it’s not the best option. Sharing irrelevant information. I get it! You care about ALL the experiences you have gained. This attachment can make it incredibly difficult to maslow's of motivation, let things go. But letting go of irrelevant information is key to Essay on Disestablishing, writing an outstanding cover letter. Yes, it’s awesome that you volunteer with ten different organizations, but not all ten volunteer experiences are relevant to every internship or job you apply for. You need to narrow down your accomplishments and delete what is irrelevant.

This will not only cut down on the fluff, it will highlight what’s truly important. There you have it. Essential tips and mistakes to avoid. Before we wrap up, I want to discuss two nontraditional cover letters and share a helpful sample. What do nontraditional cover letters look like? By now, you understand how to old testament, make your cover letter unique and why it’s important to infuse your personality. There are a few industries and positions that call for an extra level of creativity and design. If you’re pursuing a creative degree, this is for you.

Graphic Design Cover Letter . If you’re a graphic design major, or another creative type, it’s advantageous to reflect this in Essay Shakespeare your cover letter. But don’t forget the on humanity basics. Before you attack the design, ensure the spelling, grammar, and Shakespeare, sentence structure is mali empire, solid. On Disestablishing? Then, take a few liberties with your design. Adjust the layout, choose the perfect typography, and mali empire, add a splash of color. While you don’t want to go overboard, you should use your letter as an opportunity to demonstrate your skills. As a creative major, you should also include a link to your online portfolio. The hiring team will review your portfolio for design basicsfrom color choice to typography, white space usage to contrast.

While this is an awesome opportunity to showcase your work, it requires a heightened attention to detail. Check for spelling and grammar throughout. Video Cover Letter. A video cover letter can be a unique way to showcase your skills. Essay? Some IT companies and tech-based startups are opting for video cover letters in place of traditional letters. Just like a traditional letter, you want the content to engage the maslow's theory viewer and encourage them to check out your resumé and portfolio.

You’re essentially creating a movie trailer. Where a traditional cover letter is Essay Shakespeare, bound to one page, a video cover letter rarely exceeds 60 seconds in length. Brevity is still important. Keep in mind the old testament purpose of Essay Shakespeare, a cover letter and what is enlightenment summary, craft your content around these three primary goals: Introduce yourself to a prospective employer. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Communicate your interest in a position and company. Explain how you’re a well-qualified candidate for the position. What’s key here is that your personality and energy come through. Graduated Important? Unless you’re camera-shy, there’s no need to write an entire script. Choose a few bullet points to focus on Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, and discuss your qualifications. You want to come across as genuine as you can, without trying too hard!

456 Business Road. Phoenix, AZ 85001. Ms. Nichole Favret. 123 Business Street. Phoenix, AZ 85001. Dear Ms. Gods Family Tree? Nichole Favret, When I discovered the accounting internship with XYZ Company on Internships.com, I was excited by on Disestablishing the opportunity to maslow's, complement my coursework with practical experience. As a junior majoring in Accounting at University of Southern California, I am enjoy compiling reports and completing audits.

My academic background, communication skills, and leadership experience have prepared me well for this position. Academic coursework . Essay Shakespeare? I have completed courses in intermediate accounting, cost accounting, business law, and individual income tax, resulting in a 3.9 Major GPA. Mali Empire? Communication skills . On Disestablishing? As the professional development chair of University of egypt gods, Southern California’s Accounting Club, I develop and on Disestablishing Shakespeare, facilitate presentations on behalf of the organization. Leadership experience . As a chapter leader of Delta Sigma Pi, a business fraternity on campus, I recruit new members and discuss the 7 reasons why is graduated value of the organization. I am excited by the chance to contribute to your organization and am prepared to engage in continuous learning. I intentionally pursue professional development and value non-stop growth as described by on Disestablishing the internship description. My enclosed resumé expands on my academic coursework, communication skills, and leadership experience.

As I prepare for an accounting career, I am eager to gain a more detailed understanding of the field. Thank you for your time and consideration. I look forward to hearing from you soon. That’s what a solid cover letter looks like from beginning to end. Check out more professional cover letter examples here. People read cover letters. As you now know, an outstanding cover letter can get you an internship. You have every tool, example, and piece of advice necessary to write a superior cover letter. You understand exactly what a cover letter is, why you need one, and most importantly, you have a step-by-step process to old testament, help you write an outstanding cover letter. Whether you’re applying for a summer internship, or submitting your first application to a full-time position, you’re well prepared.

Congratulations on getting this far. Set aside time to Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare, write an outstanding letter. It will be easier than you think and why is graduated important, more rewarding than you imagine.

Order Essays Online Cheap - Shakespeare Portrayed | Essay | Heilbrunn…

Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare,

Buy Essay Online Cheap - Living Shakespeare - Literature

4 Steps to Writing a Job-Winning Resume. Writing your resume, or even updating your resume, can be a scary, daunting task. But with the right approach and know-how, you can create your own standout document in Shakespeare no time. And the good news is we’re here to help. We’ve broken down the resume-writing process into 4 simple steps to speech on humanity make it easier for you to on Disestablishing get started! Our Resume Writing Guide gives you an overview of egypt gods tree each section of your resume, followed by some quick tips and actual resume examples that you can use as model for your own resume. Every great resume begins with a strong summary statement. This is Essay Shakespeare a short description of who you are professionally that includes a brief list of your top skills. Your summary statement is the first thing that recruiters will see. So think of it as your big chance to catch someone’s attention.

You also want to on humanity show hiring leaders that you’re a great fit for the job. You can do this by using the Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare skills and keywords that are in the job description in your summary statement – just make sure you only use those that reflect your experience (no exaggerating or lying on your resume!). What Is Enlightenment Summary. Your statement can be written in either sentence form or bullet-point form and Essay Shakespeare should be short, but effective – no more than 3 sentences or bullet points; it should also contain the following information: Your professional title Top 2-3 skills Specific expertise, professional traits, accomplishments. Need help writing your own professional summary statement? Our Resume Builder has hundreds of expertly written summary statements and career-specific phrases that you can easily and quickly add to maslow's your resume.

Registered nurse with 9 years of experience in Essay medical centers and operating rooms ICU and ER experience in 40+ bed units Strong organizational and interpersonal skills. Dedicated assembly line worker with 5 years of experience. Well-versed in machinery assembly and production line efficiency . Maslow's. Fast learner who picks up new processes and technologies easily. Senior Sales Associate with excellent customer relations skills in business-to-business sales Increased global sales by 20% over the last two years, exceeding goals each quarter for the past year Seeking new sales challenge with management opportunities. Experienced veterinary technician with 3 years of experience in delivering comprehensive care to animals at animal rescue facilities and shelters.

Seeking to use shelter experience and formal training at a respected veterinary office. Responsible cashier experienced at managing front-of-store needs in busy environments. Friendly and energetic with strong communication and organizational abilities. Seeking role of increased responsibility where strengths in service and Essay on Disestablishing sales will be valuable. Motivated sales professional with 8 years of speech on humanity fashion retail sales experience who truly enjoys helping customers find their best fit and style. Highly results-oriented and energetic, with unsurpassed customer relations skills. Essay Shakespeare. The skills section – often called the 7 reasons why is graduated licensing #8220;Qualifications#8221; or #8220;Areas of Expertise#8221; section of your resume is Essay a list of your top skills. This section of your resume is your chance to showcase your abilities to covenants employers in a quick and Essay easy-to-read way. Kant Is Enlightenment Summary. Although this section is typically short and concise (think two columns of 3 to 4 bullet points), it contains very important information about your ability to perform a particular type of job. Hiring managers should be able to scan your resume and find this list of skills easily.

Here are a few helpful tips for on Disestablishing Shakespeare, writing a skills section that will get you noticed. 7 Reasons Why Is Graduated Licensing Important. Target your skills to the job : This is one of the on Disestablishing Shakespeare best ways to customize your resume for the job you are applying to. Read the kant job description and list all of the required and Essay desired skills for the position. Mali Empire. Then, see if you have any skills that match up with those on your list; these are the abilities you should include in your skills section. This way, when hiring managers skim your resume, they will see that you have the skills they’re looking for on Disestablishing Shakespeare, in a candidate. 7 Reasons Important. Include transferable skills : Transferable skills are skills that cross from one career field to another. On Disestablishing Shakespeare. These skills can be applied to a variety of positions. Some examples include communication skills, presentation or public speaking skills, any foreign language skills you have, social media skills, organizational and planning skills, and management and gods family tree leaderships skills. Use keywords : If you are applying to on Disestablishing Shakespeare a job online and why is graduated are asked to upload your resume or fill in an application online, chances are you are entering your information into an application tracking system. This is a machine that companies use to scan a resume for keywords specific to on Disestablishing Shakespeare the job. Be sure to pick out keywords from the kant what job description and your industry and Shakespeare use them in your resume and application to kant summary make sure it gets past this machine.

Using keywords directly from the employer will increase your chances of Shakespeare getting noticed by the hiring manager. Maslow's Of Motivation. Need help writing a skills section that gets you noticed? Our Resume Builder has hundreds of career-specific phrases that you can easily and Shakespeare quickly add to mali empire your own resume. On Disestablishing Shakespeare. While all parts of your resume are equally important, your work history section is where you will be discussing your direct experience and your accomplishments, and it’s critical to get this one right.Let’s start with the basics. Your work history section should include the theory following: Positions and/or titles you held Names of organizations where you were employed City and state of on Disestablishing Shakespeare each organization Employment periods for maslow's, each job, written as Month/Date – Month/Date Brief descriptions of your experience in bullet format. This section will be a combination of on Disestablishing your job responsibilities and duties along with your work achievements. Hiring managers will be looking for your achievements and successes, not just your responsibilities, so it’s important to include both. When listing your responsibilities and of motivation duties, be sure to use action verbs to increase the strength of your writing and make potential employers take notice.

Some action verbs to use include: Communicated Negotiated Joined Reported Customized Initiated Planned Budgeted Developed Prepared Contributed Ensured Provided Led. It takes practice and time to come up with your accomplishments and successes and to Essay on Disestablishing add numbers to them numbers such as how much money you saved the company, how you increased efficiency, or how many sales you achieved in a certain period of time. Kant What Summary. However, using two or three bullets under each job to Essay Shakespeare describe your successes, along with metrics, will land you an covenants interview. Need help writing a work experience section that shows your value? Our Resume Builder has hundreds of career-specific phrases that you can easily and quickly add to your own resume. Bayle Industries, Hutchins Creek, MD. July 2010 – present. Prioritized and Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare managed multiple administrative projects while managing day-to- day tasks such as receiving and distributing mail, maintaining conference rooms, managing calendars, and maintaining office supplies. Mali Empire. Increased conference room scheduling efficiency by 25% by implementing new company-wide online booking system. Provided travel arrangement support for 25+ employees per month for offsite meetings and on Disestablishing Shakespeare national conferences.

Managed operations and logistics for annual onsite company conference for 150 employees and 200+ guest attendees. Parkview Elementary School, Summerfields, PA. September 2014 – May 2016. Assisted in covenants a classroom of 25 elementary school children, ages 5-6, for two consecutive school years. Shakespeare. Engaged children with diverse and enjoyable activities involving theatrical play, musical instruments and hands-on learning. Offered detailed weekly reports that outlined each child’s activities and implemented new email letter system to offer reports online, saving the faculty 4 hours per week. Ft. Hood, Killeen, TX. January 2008 – August 2015. Developed and led 5 new training programs over 12 months in preparation for combat. Performed reconnaissance operations in old testament compromised regions to Essay on Disestablishing develop combat training programs.

Performed as a fire team member during situational training exercises and all infantry dismounted battle drills. Communicated urgent orders and directions effectively to team of 200+ military personnel. Your educational background can be an old testament covenants important part of on Disestablishing Shakespeare your resume and should communicate your background quickly and simply to potential employers. Even if you don’t have previous experience in a particular job, you may increase your chances of mali empire being considered for the position if you can show that you have taken courses that are relevant to the position at hand. Here are some tips to help make your education section work for you: List the highest level of education first. Essay. This will help catch the hiring manager’s eye and ensure that he or she is able to mali empire determine your education level quickly. If you are recent graduate without a ton of work experience, then you can place your education section at the top of your resume for emphasis.

Include your educational information in this order: Degree or diploma name is listed first. Major(s) follow the degree. If you have minors, these are optional to list but it’s recommended to on Disestablishing list them if they are relevant to the job you are applying for. List the date you received the degree or diploma by year (for example, 2003). If you are soon-to-be grad, you can list your expected graduation date.

Employment periods for each job, written as Month/Date – Month/Date Do not include your GPA on your resume unless you are a recent graduate. If you don’t have a degree, never fear! If you have an associate’s degree, you can list it in the same way as above. It is also perfectly acceptable to gods tree list any college experience you do have, even if you didn’t graduate. In the absence of a college degree, it’s extremely important to list any professional training or certificates you have received especially if they are relevant to the job you are applying for. Then, make sure to emphasize your work experience section as much as possible to show employers that you are qualified for the position, whether or not you have a degree. Need help writing an education section that shows your value? Our Resume Builder can help you quickly and effectively outline your classroom achievements. More Articles about How to Write Your First Resume. 3 Critical Mistakes to on Disestablishing Shakespeare Avoid on Your First Ever Resume.

Tips On Creating A Resume For A New Career. How to Write a Resume When You Have No Work Experience. Get Hired In 30 Seconds: Resume Summary Tips. Get Your Resume In Front of the is enlightenment summary Right People: Four Tips. Create a Resume That Stops Traffic.

How to Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare Write a Resume that Lands More Job Offers. Resume Tips for Job Search Newbies. Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Is Enlightenment Summary. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST. Shakespeare. Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in touch with us.

Essay Writing Service - Living Shakespeare - Literature

Nov 17, 2017 Essay on Disestablishing Shakespeare,

Online Essay Writing Service - Shakespeare Portrayed | Essay | Heilbrunn…

commis resume sample Sujets de dissertation et textes. Elaboration des cours. Auteurs et oeuvres. Ressources en ligne. Rsum n°1 : texte de Jean Cazeneuve , Guerre et Paix , 1995 Encyclopdia Universalis. Rsum n°2 (PSI, MP) : texte de Charles Nicolle , La Nature, conception et morale biologiques , 1934, Flix Alcan, p. Essay On Disestablishing? 108-113. Rsum n°4 : texte de Samuel P. Mali Empire? Huntington , Le choc des civilisations , 1996, Quatrime partie, Chapitre X, tr. On Disestablishing? fr. Summary? J.-L. Essay Shakespeare? Fidel, G. Mali Empire? Joublain, P. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Jorland et J.-J.

Pdussaud, Odile Jacob, 2007, p. Maslow's? 375-380. Rsum n°5 : Clausewitz , De la guerre , 1832, Chapitre 1, § 2 et 3, tr. Shakespeare? fr. Why Is Graduated? Nicolas Wacquet, Rivages poche, Petite Bibliothque, p. Shakespeare? 19-22. Rsum n°6 : Carl Schmitt , La notion de politique , 1932, tr. Speech? Steinhauser, Champs Flammarion, 1992, p. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? 70-73. Rsumez le texte suivant en 100 mots (± 10%) : La recherche des causes de la guerre, telle qu'elle est apparue dj dans les efforts pour assurer la paix, conduit en dceler les fondements dans plusieurs domaines. Graduated Important? Il faut d'abord envisager la dimension sociale propre ce phnomne essentiellement collectif. On Disestablishing? De ce point de vue, on speech, peut tudier les sources et les consquences du militarisme.

Herbert Spencer et Auguste Comte croyaient une volution faisant succder les socits industrielles aux socits militaires, celles-ci tant caractrises par des institutions qui subordonnent troitement l'individu la socit et tendent la tyrannie politique en mme temps qu' l'autarcie conomique. Shakespeare? De nombreux polmologues placent aussi leur analyse sur l'aspect conomique des guerres. Covenants? Ils citent de grandes crises conomiques et sociales qui n'ont entran aucune guerre, mais ils notent que les conflits arms, depuis la disparition de la guerre aristocratique, provoquent une transformation de la vie conomique dans les pays belligrants, de sorte que certaines difficults peuvent tre provisoirement rsolues par le rythme acclr de la consommation en matriel qu'impose l'tat de belligrance. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? La guerre n'est d'ailleurs pas possible sans une certaine accumulation de puissance conomique, et la lassitude qui met fin certains conflits peut parfois tre attribue l'appauvrissement que finissent par produire les hostilits. Theory Of Motivation? On peut faire une analyse du mme genre propos des aspects dmographiques de la guerre, laquelle les phnomnes de surpopulation ne sont pas toujours trangers. Essay On Disestablishing? C'est pourquoi, selon Gaston Bouthoul, la principale fonction sociologique de la guerre serait d'tre, en mme temps qu'un exutoire aux impulsions collectives, un processus de « rquilibration dmo-conomique ». Is Enlightenment? Quant l'aspect technique, dont on Essay Shakespeare, a vu l'importance dans l'volution historique des guerres, il est remarquable aussi dans ses « retombes ». On Humanity? Les guerres, surtout dans la priode la plus rcente, ont probablement ht des dcouvertes, dont certaines ont eu des prolongements dans une utilisation pacifique.

Du point de vue politique enfin, il n'est pas douteux que la guerre ait, dans bien des cas, fortement contribu crer des tats et cimenter leur unit, au point que l'on peut considrer la guerre elle-mme comme un instrument de la politique, et c'est sous cet aspect que l'envisage surtout Karl von Clausewitz. Shakespeare? Il en dduit qu'elle doit tre faite avec toute la puissance de la nation, mais soumise aux intrts de celle-ci. L'ide que la guerre peut avoir des fonctions propres a conduit ainsi certains thoriciens en faire l'apologie. Graduated Important? Hegel voit en elle le moment o l'tat se ralise pleinement ; Joseph de Maistre la glorifie comme le moyen de fortifier la nature humaine ; Nietzsche trouve dans les vertus guerrires le meilleur aiguillon au dpassement de soi-mme ; plusieurs volutionnistes croient pouvoir tirer de la loi de slection naturelle une justification des pertes qu'engendre la guerre ; L. Essay Shakespeare? Gumplowicz voit dans la guerre la source de toutes les institutions et de la civilisation. Mali Empire? D'autre part, les sociologues ont parfois compar la guerre la fte, en lui attribuant des fonctions analogues, notamment l'exaltation collective et le renversement des rgles habituelles.

Pourtant les arguments de divers ordres ne manquent pas contre les thories bellicistes. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? On peut, l'encontre de ceux qui prnent les vertus militaires, faire d'abord tat des statistiques qui prouvent la recrudescence de la criminalit la suite des guerres. Speech? S'il est vrai que les grandes civilisations se sont rpandues par la force des armes, on Essay Shakespeare, peut aussi allguer que c'est de la mme faon qu'elles ont disparu et aux progrs techniques et conomiques raliss sous son aiguillon, on on humanity, peut opposer un calcul des « cots » de la guerre, qui sont de plus en plus levs mesure qu'elle devient plus totale. Essay On Disestablishing? Enfin s'il est vrai que la guerre prsente bien des caractres de la fte, elle en diffre en mme temps, du fait qu'elle oppose un groupe un autre et tend plus spcifiquement la destruction. On peut donc se demander si les alternances de paix et de guerre ne constituent pas un cycle universel, inhrent la nature des socits humaines. Mali Empire? Les doctrines pessimistes, ici, trouvent dans l'histoire une longue suite de justifications. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Cependant, les optimistes peuvent rpondre que, dans les affaires humaines, les ncessits du pass ne sont jamais dfinitives et qu'en fin de compte les efforts pour tablir une paix assure, c'est--dire pour dgager l'humanit de cette dialectique guerre-paix, sont peut-tre maintenant la seule lutte qui vaille. Jean Cazeneuve , Guerre et Paix , 1995 Encyclopdia Universalis. Les guerres s'expliquent par le militarisme qu'encouragent certaines socits, par la tentation de rsoudre des difficults conomiques, et l'on a vu certaines d'entre elles acclrer le progrs technique ou contribuer renforcer des tats, ce qui justifie qu'elles aient trouv leurs dfenseurs ou qu'on ait [50] pu en faire un quivalent de la fte. Gods Family? Pourtant la guerre a laiss partout le got de la violence et des factures o les civilisations se sont puises ; ses analogies avec la fte s'arrtent cette śuvre de discorde et de mort.

La rcurrence des guerres peut paratre ainsi [101] fatale, mais les efforts pour tablir la paix sont aujourd'hui le seul combat lgitime. On peut distinguer plusieurs causes de la guerre. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Tout d'abord, il existe des causes sociales, conomiques et dmographiques, puis techniques / et enfin politiques. Certains penseurs estiment que la guerre remplit des fonctions bnfiques et en font l'apologie. What Is Enlightenment Summary? Nanmoins, tous / les arguments en sa faveur peuvent tre contredits. Essay? En effet, la guerre n'est pas vertueuse mais accrot la criminalit ; / les tats se dveloppent mais surtout meurent pas elle ; elle est plus coteuse que profitable conomiquement, et loin d'tre / une fte, elle est une entreprise destructrice. La guerre n'est-elle pas cependant invitable ? Les optimistes ne le croient / pas, militant pour la paix universelle.

Vous rsumerez le texte suivant en 100 mots (± 10%) : […] la lutte entre hommes, la guerre, pour la nommer de son nom odieux, apparat tout d'abord comme un fait biologique normal, on maslow's of motivation, pourrait dire oblig. Essay? Ses atrocits marquent peu dans le total des hcatombes naturelles. Mais l'homme n'appartient pas seulement l'ensemble des tres, il appartient son espce. Mali Empire? Elle a fait de lui un animal sociable. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? L'homme ne peut se passer de l'homme. 7 Reasons Why Is Graduated Licensing? Du clan aux nations, l'volution de l'humanit a rendu les humains de plus en plus solidaires. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Un primitif pourrait survivre, vgter l'tat isol, un couple primitif se reproduire ; bien vite, priv du secours des autres, la ligne s'teindrait. Old Testament Covenants? La division du travail, l'appui mutuel qu'elle exige sont devenus des ncessits d'existence pour les civiliss.

l'quilibre gnral et anarchique des tres s'est donc ajout, substitu dans ses parties contradictoires, un quilibre particulier : l'quilibre social humain. Shakespeare? Il y eut d'abord quilibre de clans, puis de cits, de pays, enfin de nations. Mali Empire? Les premiers groupements se sont faits par suite d'une origine ou de quelques origines communes ; les suivants relvent surtout d'vnements fortuits. Essay? Les groupes actuels que nous nommons nations sont dus l'assemblage d'individus qu'unissent des habitudes de vie, des gots et des dispositions pareils, des souffrances supportes en commun par les anctres, un sol familial ou d'adoption, cher celui qui y est n, profitable, ou bien refuge pour l'immigrant. Licensing? ces liens s'ajoutent les ncessits conomiques dues au compartimentage, une somme d'intrts, bien des prjugs, enfin la contrainte des lois, l'impossibilit, pour un civilis, de n'tre pas inscrit au livre d'une nation, l'tat-civil. On Disestablishing? Au regard de ces liens accidentels et purement sociaux, la parent persistante de sang ne joue point le rle qu'on lui attribue ; le plus souvent, elle n'est qu'un prjug vaniteux. De quelque faon qu'elles se soient constitues, les nations s'opposent les unes aux autres dans la dfense de leurs intrts, et chacune poursuit, tant en elle-mme que dans ses rapports extrieurs, la conservation de son quilibre. Gods Tree? Cependant, malgr les tristes dissentiments des nations diffrentes, malgr leurs haines, leurs armes et leurs combats conomiques ou sanglants, il se fait, peu peu, lentement, un intrt gnral humain. Shakespeare? Le monde habitable est connu, quelques lacunes ngligeables prs. Covenants? Sa carte politique est trace.

Les peuples non volus sont entrs dans la dpendance d'tats puissants. Shakespeare? Si les diverses nations se sparent encore par bien des traits, des habitudes, les traits, les habitudes, les biens que les hommes possdent en commun deviennent de plus en plus nombreux. On Humanity? Si l'humanit n'est pas devenue uniforme (et il est dsirable qu'elle n'y parvienne jamais), une solidarit gnrale, humaine, s'tablit et, au-dessus des socits diffrentes, une socit encore lche, mais relle tend englober tous les hommes. Essay On Disestablishing? Un nouvel quilibre est donc en train de natre, l'quilibre gnral et artificiel humain. Que signifient les guerres au regard des divers quilibres auxquels sont assujettis les hommes ? Elles les perturbent tous, sans nul profit ni pour l'individu, ni pour la nation, ni pour l'humanit tout entire. Tree? Ce sont des dsquilibres brutaux dont l'amplitude est si grande que l'oscillation compensatrice tarde se produire et que la rparation souvent ne rpare rien. Notre sensibilit d'tres volus, soustraits la barbarie journalire, condamne ces luttes homicides. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Cependant, l'argument le plus puissant contre elles n'est pas, ne peut tre un argument moral. Mali Empire? La morale humaine accueille trop de prjugs. Essay On Disestablishing? Son pass l'en a encombr. Egypt Family? Elle continue de cder des passions traditionnelles.

Amour-propre, vanit, gloire, faux semblants de justice, faux sentiments de la valeur, de la volont, de l'nergie, mauvais emploi de ces vertus, pernicieuses utilisations de l'art, des lettres, de la philosophie, de l'loquence, tous ces ingrdients dtestables souillent notre personne morale. On Disestablishing? Elle les reoit, s'y emptre, les subit ; elle se perd ou se complat dans leurs contradictions d'un peuple l'autre et dans chaque peuple. Old Testament Covenants? Rien attendre de forces contamines. Essay Shakespeare? Un seul argument est valable, argument de la biologie, l'absurdit vitale des guerres, le trouble grave et inutile qu'elles portent l'quilibre particulier des nations et l'quilibre gnral de la socit humaine. La guerre n'est d'aucun profit ; la guerre ne rembourse pas.

Elle nuit la nation victorieuse autant qu' la dfaite. Covenants? Elle sme les ruines ; elle dtruit, alors que l'intrt de l'quilibre commande qu'on n'anantisse pas le bien d'efforts coteux. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Jamais guerre n'amena de rsultats dfinitifs. 7 Reasons Why Is Graduated Important? Abattu, le peuple dfait se relve et, refait, abat son vainqueur. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Les frontires des grands tats tmoignent de ces reflux priodiques par les ruines dont chaque sicle s'enorgueillit, par le voisinage des champs de carnage, par l'affreuse illustration, parfois deux visages, de leurs noms.

Les guerres attentent donc, tout d'abord, l'quilibre des nations par l'ensemble des pertes. Mali Empire? Elles y attentent en dtruisant les lments les plus vivaces et les plus forts, les jeunes gens. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Elles donnent le commandement aux vieillards. Egypt Gods Family Tree? Un pouvoir snile est une monstruosit biologique. Essay On Disestablishing? En mme temps, les guerres distraient les activits humaines de buts profitables. Mali Empire? Nul rgne, illustr par des victoires, n'a donn de gnies bienfaisants. Essay Shakespeare? Ces esprits ne lvent qu'aux champs pacifiques. Les guerres opposent leurs forces nfastes ce qui fait la sant, l'quilibre des socits : la justice qui n'en connat point d'innocente, au droit, branl dans ses fondements et qui codifie les pires inconsquences, la libert qu'on enchane, sans laquelle, physique ou spirituelle, l'organisme entier se rouille. Si les vertus, protectrices de l'quilibre, sont affectes, les mfaits destructeurs de cet quilibre trouvent, dans la guerre, des excuses et y florissent : le vol, la rapine, le meurtre, la lchet, la fourberie.

Tout attentat devient lgitime s'il est commis pour une patrie. Kant Summary? Point d'abus, de monstruosits, que ne sanctifie une victoire. Essay? Est-il surprenant qu'aprs la guerre on covenants, assiste au relchement des valeurs humaines ? Cet abaissement traduit l'puisement de forces inutilement gches, le besoin de rparation, la longue convalescence ncessaire la contre-oscillation qui rtablira un quilibre, rendu, pour un temps au moins, prcaire. L'homme est dsarm devant le massacre mutuel des espces ; il ne l'a pas ordonn. Essay On Disestablishing? Il sait que, sans ce massacre, son existence, toutes les existences cesseraient. Mali Empire? Il lui faut le subir. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? L'homme peut tout pour arrter les luttes entre les hommes.

Elles sont un crime pour sa conscience. Why Is Graduated Important? Devant sa logique, elles constituent l'erreur la plus grave ; car il n'est point de catastrophe qui mette davantage en pril l'quilibre des individus humains, des socits humaines et de la collectivit des hommes. Charles Nicolle , La Nature, conception et morale biologiques , 1934, Flix Alcan, p. Shakespeare? 108-113. Certes, la guerre participe d'abord de la lutte entre espces et de l'ordre naturel. What? Cependant, l'homme est / un tre sociable, qui a petit petit substitu l'quilibre naturel un quilibre social gnral entre les hommes, / que la guerre vient remettre en cause. Pour arrter les guerres, rien ne sert par consquent d'invoquer la morale ; / il faut au contraire dnoncer leur absurdit totale : par les pertes qu'elles occassionnent, elles dtruisent la sant et l' / quilibre vital des individus, des nations et de la collectivit humaine dans son ensemble, sans qu'aucun profit n'en / soit retir. Vous rsumerez le texte suivant en 100 mots (± 10%) : […] lorsque l'tat, ou lorsque la religion veut [rduire la guerre] l'tat de servante ( ancilla theologi ), elle rsiste, quelquefois elle attaque, et de l des luttes qui peuvent tre et qui souvent ont t sanglantes. On Disestablishing? Cet tat de guerre suit de la diversit essentielle des lments ; la guerre, comme la diversit des lments, est ncessaire la vie ; les combats des partis, dans les limites de la constitution donne d'un peuple politique, font la vie de ce peuple. Kant What Summary? Il en est de mme l'extrieur. Essay On Disestablishing? Les luttes des peuples d'une poque entre eux font la vie d'une poque ; nulle ne s'est coule sans guerre, nulle ne le pouvait. La guerre a sa racine dans la nature des ides des diffrents peuples, qui tant ncessairement partielles, bornes, exclusives, sont ncessairement hostiles, agressives, tyranniques : donc la guerre est ncessaire.

Voyons maintenant quels sont ses effets. Gods Tree? Si la guerre n'est autre chose que la rencontre violente, le choc des ides exclusives des diffrents peuples, il s'ensuit que dans ce choc l'ide qui sera plus faible sera dtruite par la plus forte , c'est--dire sera absorbe et assimile par elle ; or la plus forte ide dans une poque est ncessairement celle qui est le plus en rapport avec l'esprit mme de cette poque. Essay On Disestablishing? Chaque peuple reprsente une ide ; les peuples diffrents d'une mme poque reprsentent diffrentes ides ; le peuple de l'poque qui reprsente l'ide le plus en rapport avec l'esprit gnral de l'poque, est le peuple appel dans cette poque la domination. Kant What Summary? Quand l'ide d'un peuple a fait son temps, ce peuple disparat ; mais il ne cde pas facilement la place, il faut qu'un autre peuple la lui dispute et la lui arrache ; de l la guerre. Essay? Dfaite du peuple qui a fait son temps ; victoire du peuple qui a le sien faire et qui est appel l'empire, voil l'effet certain et incontestable de la guerre : donc la guerre est utile. Messieurs, je ne viens pas ici faire l'apologie de la guerre ; la philosophie n'est d'aucun parti en ce monde ; elle ne fait l'apologie de rien, comme elle n'accuse rien ; elle aspire comprendre tout. Maslow's Theory Of Motivation? Je ne fais pas l'apologie de la guerre, je l'explique. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Sa racine vous la connaissez, elle est indestructible ; ses effets, vous les connaissez, ils sont bienfaisants.

En effet, si ce sont les ides qui sont aux prises dans une guerre, et si celle qui l'emporte est ncessairement celle qui a le plus d'avenir, il fallait que celle-l remportt, et par consquent qu'il y ait guerre ; moins que vous ne vouliez empcher l'avenir, arrter la civilisation, moins que vous ne vouliez que l'espce humaine soit immobile et stationnaire. Gods Tree? L'hypothse d'un tat de paix perptuel dans l'espce humaine est l'hypothse de l'immobilit absolue. Essay? Otez toute guerre, et au lieu de trois poques il n'y en aura qu'une ; car s'il n'y a pas destruction d'une poque et victoire de l'autre, il est clair que l'une ne cdera point la place l'autre, et qu'il n'y aura jamais qu'une seule et mme poque. Theory Of Motivation? Bien plus, non seulement il n'y aura pas trois poques, mais mme dans une poque donne il n'y aura aucun progrs ; car les diffrences ne se fondront pas, et les diffrents peuples resteront ternellement dans l'abrutissement de l'ide exclusive qui les subjugue, et qui, bonne pour un temps, si elle ne se modifiait jamais, serait la condamnation de ce peuple une erreur perptuelle. On Disestablishing? Ainsi un peuple n'est progressif qu' la condition de la guerre. On Humanity? Ce n'est pas moi qui le dis, c'est l'histoire : la guerre n'est pas autre chose qu'un change sanglant d'ides, coups d'pe et coups de canon ; une bataille n'est pas autre chose que le combat de l'erreur et de la vrit ; je dis vrit , parce que dans une poque donne une moindre erreur est vrit relativement une erreur plus grande ou une erreur qui a fait son temps ; la victoire et la conqute ne sont pas autre chose que la victoire de la vrit du jour sur la vrit de la veille devenue l'erreur d'aujourd'hui. Aussi, messieurs, quand deux armes sont en prsence, il se passe un bien plus grand spectacle que celui dont la philanthropie dtourne les yeux.

Elle ne voit que des milliers d'hommes qui vont s'gorger, ce qui est assurment un grand malheur. Essay Shakespeare? Mais d'abord la mort est un phnomne qui n'a pas lieu seulement sur les champs de bataille ; et aprs tout, comme on mali empire, l'a dit, la guerre change assez peu les tables de mortalit. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Et puis, ce n'est pas la mort qui est dplorable en soi ; c'est la mort injuste, injustement donne ou reue. Mali Empire? Que mille cśurs qui battaient tout l'heure cessent de battre, c'est un fait bien triste ; mais qu'une goutte de sang innocent soit verse, c'est plus qu'un fait pnible, c'est un mal et un mal horrible. Essay? Un innocent qui prit doit mille fois plus exciter la douleur amre de l'humanit, que des armes de hros qui savent qu'ils vont la mort, et qui y vont librement pour une cause juste leurs yeux et qui leur est chre. Gods Family? Il n'y a point d'iniquit dans les grandes batailles, il ne peut mme y en avoir ; car ce ne sont pas les hommes ni leurs passions qui sont aux prises, ce sont des causes, ce sont les esprits opposs d'une poque, ce sont les diffrentes ides qui, dans un sicle, animent et agitent l'humanit. Essay? Voil ce que la philanthropie ne voit pas, et ce qui a donn tant d'importance, tant d'intrt, tant de clbrit aux batailles. Victor Cousin , Cours de philosophie , 1840, 9e leon, p. Speech On Humanity? 250-253. Nul ne peut matriser la guerre, car elle dcoule de la diversit inhrente aux socits humaines. Essay? La guerre est donc / d'abord ncessaire et elle participe la vie des peuples et des poques.

Elle est ensuite utile, car en / mettant aux prises les peuples, elle fait se combattre les ides qu'ils incarnent, en faisant triompher une vrit nouvelle, et / en permettant ainsi le progrs de l'humanit. Par consquent, si la mort d'un innocent est tragique, la mort / sur le champ de bataille au nom de la justice ne saurait tre condamne que par une philanthropie aveugle. Rsumer en 200 mots le texte suivant. 7 Reasons Licensing Important? Un cart de 10% en plus ou en moins sera accept. Les guerres entre clans, tribus, nations, communauts religieuses ou groupes ethniques diffrents ont t la rgle travers les poques et les civilisations, dans la mesure o elles s'enracinent dans les questions identitaires. Essay? Ces conflits traduisent les particularismes et ne soulvent pas de problmes idologiques ou politiques plus larges susceptibles d'intresser directement des non-participants, bien qu'ils puissent, pour des groupes extrieurs, reprsenter un sujet d'inquitude sur le plan humanitaire. Maslow's Of Motivation? Ces affrontements tendent tre trs violents et sanglants parce qu'ils mettent en jeu des questions fondamentales d'identit.

En outre, ils ont tendance traner en longueur ; il arrive qu'ils soient entrecoups de trves ou d'ententes, mais en gnral ces dernires ne durent pas, et les combats reprennent. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? D'autre part, en cas de victoire militaire dcisive de l'un des deux camps, les risques de gnocide sont plus levs lorsqu'il s'agit d'une guerre civile identitaire. Les conflits civilisationnels sont des conflits communautaires entre tats ou groupes appartenant des civilisations diffrentes. Mali Empire? Des guerres civilisationnelles rsultent de ces conflits. Essay? Elles peuvent clater entre tats ainsi qu'entre groupes non gouvernementaux. Maslow's Theory? Les conflits civilisationnels au sein d'un mme tat peuvent impliquer des groupes qui sont majoritairement localiss dans des zones gographiques distinctes, auquel cas le groupe qui n'a pas le contrle du gouvernement se bat en gnral pour obtenir l'indpendance et peut ventuellement se montrer prt accepter des compromis.

Les conflits civilisationnels au sein d'un mme tat peuvent galement impliquer des groupes qui sont gographiquement mlangs, auquel cas ce sont des relations perptuellement tendues qui drapent de temps en temps vers la violence, comme cela se produit entre hindous et musulmans en Inde ou entre musulmans et Chinois en Malaisie, ou encore cela peut donner lieu des combats proprement parler, notamment lorsque ce sont la dfinition mme et les frontires d'un nouvel tat qui sont en jeu, ainsi qu' des tentatives brutales pour sparer les peuples par la force. Les conflits civilisationnels sont parfois des luttes pour le contrle des populations. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Mais, le plus souvent, c'est le contrle du sol qui est en jeu. Summary? Le but de l'un des participants au moins est de conqurir un territoire et d'en liminer les autres peuples par l'expulsion, l'assassinat ou les deux la fois, c'est--dire par la « purification ethnique ». Essay Shakespeare? Ces conflits ont tendance tre violents et cruels, les deux camps se livrant des massacres, des actes terroristes, des viols et des tortures. Kant Is Enlightenment Summary? Le territoire en jeu reprsente souvent, pour l'un ou l'autre des deux camps, un symbole historique et identitaire trs marqu, une terre sacre sur laquelle ils estiment avoir des droits inalinables : ainsi la Cisjordanie, le Cachemire, le Nagorny-Karabakh, la valle de la Drina ou le Kosovo. Les guerres civilisationnelles prsentent un certain nombre de points communs avec l'ensemble des guerres communautaires. Essay On Disestablishing? Ce sont des conflits qui s'ternisent. Egypt Gods Family? Lorsqu'ils ont lieu au sein d'un mme tat, ils durent en moyenne six fois plus longtemps que les guerres entre tats. Essay? Comme ils mettent en jeu des questions fondamentales d'identit et de pouvoir, on of motivation, a du mal les rsoudre par des ngociations ou des compromis. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Lorsque l'on parvient un accord, il n'est pas rare que certaines des parties d’un camp donn refusent d'y souscrire.

L'accord dure alors d'autant moins longtemps. Egypt Family Tree? Les guerres civilisationnelles sont des guerres intermittentes qui peuvent passer de la violence la plus aigu la gurilla la plus larve et l’hostilit la plus latente, pour se rallumer ensuite brutalement. On Disestablishing? Il est rare que les brasiers des haines communautaires soient totalement teints, sauf par le gnocide. Why Is Graduated Licensing? Du fait de leur tendance traner en longueur, les guerres civilisationnelles, tout comme les autres guerres communautaires, produisent en gnral de grands nombres de victimes et de rfugis. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? […] Nombre de ces guerres contemporaines sont simplement le dernier chapitre d'une longue histoire marque par des conflits sanglants, et la violence de cette fin de XX e sicle a rsist aux efforts pour y mettre fin de manire dfinitive. Graduated Licensing Important? Au Soudan, par exemple, les combats ont clat en 1959, se sont prolongs jusqu'en 1972, lorsqu'on est parvenu un accord qui garantissait une autonomie relative du sud du Soudan, mais ils ont repris en 1983.

La rbellion des Tamouls au Sri Lanka a commenc en 1983 ; les ngociations de paix pour y mettre un terme se sont interrompues brutalement en 1991, mais elles ont repris en 1994, et on on Disestablishing, est parvenu un accord de cessez-le-feu en janvier 1995. On Humanity? Quatre mois plus tard, les Tigres insurgs ont rompu la trve et se sont retirs des pourparlers de paix, si bien que la guerre a repris avec une violence redouble. Essay? La rbellion des Moros aux Philippines a commenc au dbut des annes soixante-dix et s'est calme en 1976 aprs que l'on eut conclu un accord qui garantissait l'autonomie certaines rgions de Mindanao. Theory? Mais, en 1993, les explosions de violence n'taient pas rares et allaient en s'aggravant, aprs que les groupes insurgs ont rejet l'ensemble du processus de paix. Shakespeare? Les dirigeants russes et tchtchnes sont parvenus un accord sur la dmilitarisation en juillet 1995 afin de mettre un terme aux hostilits qui avaient commenc au mois de dcembre prcdent. Speech? La guerre s'est interrompue pour quelque temps, mais elle a repris l'occasion des attaques tchtchnes contre des personnalits dirigeantes russes et prorusses, suivies de reprsailles russes, de l'incursion tchtchne au Daghestan en janvier 1996 et de l'crasante offensive russe dbut 1996. Les guerres civilisationnelles partagent avec les autres guerres communautaires les traits suivants : longueur dans le temps, niveau de violence lev et ambivalence idologique.

Elles en diffrent toutefois deux gards. Tout d'abord, les guerres communautaires peuvent clater entre groupes ethniques, religieux, raciaux ou linguistiques. Shakespeare? Comme la religion est la principale caractristique identitaire des civilisations, les guerres civilisationnelles ont presque toujours lieu entre peuples appartenant des religions diffrentes. On Humanity? Certains observateurs minimisent l’importance de ce facteur. Essay On Disestablishing? Ils insistent, par exemple, sur les facteurs ethniques, la langue commune, la coexistence pacifique dans le pass et le nombre lev de mariages croiss entre Serbes et musulmans en Bosnie, et ils cartent le facteur religieux en faisant rfrence ce que Freud appelait « le narcissisme des petites diffrences ». On Humanity? Toutefois, ce point de vue est naf. On Disestablishing? L'histoire, depuis des millnaires, prouve que la religion n'est pas une simplement une « petite diffrence », mais la diffrence entre les peuples la plus profonde qui soit.

La frquence, l'intensit et la violence des guerres civilisationnelles sont nettement aggraves par les diffrences de foi religieuse. D'autre part, les autres guerres communautaires sont relativement localises et prsentent peu de risques de s'tendre jusqu' impliquer d'autres participants. Theory? En revanche, les guerres civilisationnelles clatent, par dfinition, entre groupes qui font respectivement partie d'ensembles culturels plus larges. Essay? Dans un conflit communautaire ordinaire, le groupe A se bat contre le groupe B. Speech? Les groupes C, D et E n'ont aucune raison de s'impliquer, sauf si A ou B attaque directement leurs intrts. Essay On Disestablishing? Inversement, dans une guerre civilisationnelle, le groupe A1 se bat contre le groupe B1, et chacun des deux tente d'tendre la guerre et d'obtenir le soutien de ses proches « parents » savoir A2, A3 et A4 d'une part, B2, B3 et B4, d'autre part. Maslow's Of Motivation? Ces derniers leur tour s'identifient leur « parent ». On Disestablishing? L'extension des transports et des communications dans le monde moderne a contribu mettre en place de telles connections, et donc « internationaliser » les guerres civilisationnelles.

Les migrations ont donn naissance des diasporas dans des tierces civilisations. Mali Empire? Les communications permettent plus facilement aux parties en prsence d'appeler l'aide, et leurs « proches parents » d'apprendre immdiatement ce qui arrive leurs allis. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Le rtrcissement de la plante permet ainsi aux « groupes apparents » de fournir un soutien moral, diplomatique, financier et matriel aux parties en prsence. Samuel P. Egypt Tree? Huntington , Le choc des civilisations , 1996, Quatrime partie, Chapitre X, tr. Essay On Disestablishing? fr. Gods Family? J.-L. Essay Shakespeare? Fidel, G. Speech? Joublain, P. Essay Shakespeare? Jorland et J.-J. Old Testament Covenants? Pdussaud, Odile Jacob, 2007, p. Essay On Disestablishing? 375-380.

Les guerres communautaires, mettant en jeu des questions identitaires, ont toujours constitu la norme dans l'histoire de l'humanit. Theory? / Lorsque ces guerres ont lieu entre groupes appartenant des civilisations diffrentes, elles deviennent des guerres civilisationnelles. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? / Celles-ci peuvent se drouler entre tats ou l'intrieur d'un mme tat, et ont gnralement pour but / le contrle d'un territoire symbole d'identit, par la mise en place d'une purification ethnique. Ces guerres partagent / plusieurs points communs avec les autres guerres communautaires : elles ont tendance s'terniser car rtives au compromis ; elles sont / extrmement violentes ; et enfin elles sont idologiquement ambivalentes. Nanmoins, deux caractristiques les en distinguent : premirement, dans les guerres civilisationnelles, / c'est la diffrence religieuse qui, plus que tout autre diffrence de nature culturelle, est le facteur dterminant ; et deuximement, / tandis que les guerres communautaires proprement dites se droulent localement, les guerres de civilisation ont une propension s'tendre / et prendre une dimension internationale. Mali Empire? En effet, les groupes culturellement proches tendent s'identifier l'un ou / l'autre des protagonistes et rejoindre ainsi le conflit, ce que facilitent d'autant plus les nouveaux moyens de / communication. Vous rsumerez le texte suivant en 100 mots (± 10 %). Vous indiquerez imprativement le nombre total de mots utiliss et vous aurez soin d'en faciliter la vrification en mettant un trait vertical tous les vingt mots. Essay? Des points de pnalit seront soustraits en cas de non-respect du nombre total de mots ± 10 % utiliss.

La guerre n'est rien d'autre qu'un duel amplifi. Family Tree? Si nous voulons saisir comme une unit l'infinit des duels particuliers dont elle se compose, reprsentons-nous deux combattants : chacun cherche, en employant sa force physique, ce que l'autre excute sa volont ; son but immdiat est de terrasser l'adversaire et de le rendre ainsi incapable de toute rsistance. La guerre est un acte de violence engag pour contraindre l'adversaire se soumettre notre volont. Pour affronter la violence, la violence s'arme des inventions des arts et des sciences. Essay On Disestablishing? Elle se fixe elle-mme, sous le nom de lois du droit naturel, des restrictions imperceptibles, peine notables, qui l'accompagnent sans affaiblir fondamentalement sa force. Old Testament? La violence, c'est--dire la violence physique (car il n'en existe pas de morale en dehors des notions d'tat et de loi), est donc le moyen . On Disestablishing? Imposer notre volont l'ennemi en constitue la fin . 7 Reasons Why Is Licensing? Pour atteindre cette fin avec certitude nous devons dsarmer l'ennemi. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Lui ter tout moyen de se dfendre est, par dfinition, le vritable objectif de l'action militaire. Speech On Humanity? Il remplace la fin et l'carte en quelque sorte comme n'appartenant pas la guerre elle-mme. Ainsi les mes philanthropiques pourraient-elles facilement s'imaginer qu'il existe une manire artificielle de dsarmer ou de terrasser l'adversaire sans causer trop de blessures, et que c'est l la vritable tendance de l'art de la guerre. On Disestablishing? Il faut pourtant dissiper cette erreur, aussi belle soit-elle.

Car, dans une entreprise aussi dangereuse que la guerre, les erreurs engendres par la bont sont prcisment les pires. Theory Of Motivation? Puisque l'utilisation de la violence physique dans toute son ampleur n'exclut en aucune manire la coopration de l'intelligence, celui qui se sert de cette violence avec brutalit, sans pargner le sang, l'emportera forcment sur l'adversaire qui n'agit pas de mme. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Il dicte par l sa loi l'autre. Old Testament Covenants? Tous deux se poussent ainsi mutuellement jusqu' une extrmit qui ne connat d'autre limite que le contrepoids exerc par l'adversaire. C'est ainsi qu'il faut envisager les choses, et c'est un effort vain, absurde mme, que d'carter la nature de l'lment brutal en raison de la rpugnance qu'il inspire.

Si les guerres des peuples cultivs sont bien moins cruelles et destructrices que celles des peuples incultes, cela tient la situation sociale de ces tats, aussi bien entre eux que chacun d'entre eux. Essay? La guerre rsulte de cette situation et des conditions qu'elle impose : celle-ci la dtermine, la limite et la modre. Mali Empire? Mais ces aspects ne font pas essentiellement partie de la guerre, ils n'en sont que les donnes. Essay Shakespeare? Il est donc impossible d'introduire dans la philosophie de la guerre un principe de modration sans commettre une absurdit. Le combat entre les hommes se compose en ralit de deux lments distincts : le sentiment hostile et l' intention hostile . What Is Enlightenment Summary? Nous avons choisi le dernier de ces deux lments comme caractristique de notre dfinition car il est le plus gnral. Essay? Mme l'emportement de haine le plus sauvage, le plus proche de l'instinct, n'est pas concevable sans intention hostile. Egypt Gods? En revanche, la plupart des intentions hostiles ne sont jamais, ou rarement, domines par l'hostilit des sentiments. Essay On Disestablishing? Chez les peuples sauvages prdominent les intentions appartenant au domaine du cśur, chez les peuples civiliss, celles qui relvent de l'entendement. Old Testament? Cette diffrence ne tient cependant pas la sauvagerie et la civilisation en elles-mmes, mais aux circonstances concomitantes, aux institutions, etc. Essay On Disestablishing? Elle n'est donc pas ncessairement prsente dans chaque cas particulier, mais elle l'emporte dans la majorit d'entre eux.

En un mot, mme les peuples les plus civiliss peuvent se dchaner l'un contre l'autre, enflamms par la haine. On voit par l combien il serait faux de ramener la guerre entre les nations civilises uniquement un acte rationnel de leurs gouvernements, et d'imaginer qu'elle se libre toujours davantage des passions : au point d'en arriver se passer des masses physiques des forces armes au profit de leurs seuls rapports thoriques, en une sorte d'algbre de l'action. La thorie commenait s'engager dans cette direction lorsque les vnements des dernires guerres en montrrent une meilleure. Egypt Tree? Si la guerre est un acte de violence, la passion en fait aussi ncessairement partie. Essay On Disestablishing? Si la guerre n'en procde pas, elle y ramne pourtant plus ou moins. On Humanity? Et ce plus ou moins ne dpend pas du degr de culture, mais de l'importance et de la dure des intrts antagonistes. Lorsque nous voyons que les peuples civiliss ne mettent pas leurs prisonniers mort et ne ravagent pas villes et campagnes, cela est d la place croissante que prend l'intelligence dans leur conduite de la guerre.

Elle leur a appris un emploi de la violence plus efficace que cette manifestation sauvage de l'instinct. L'invention de la poudre, le dveloppement continu des armes feu montrent suffisamment qu'en progressant la civilisation n'a absolument pas entrav ou dtourn la tendance sur laquelle le concept de la guerre, celle d'anantir l'ennemi. Nous ritrons notre thse : la guerre est un acte de violence, et l'emploi de celle-ci ne connat pas de limites. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Chacun des adversaires impose sa loi l'autre. Why Is Graduated? Il en rsulte une interaction qui, selon la nature de son concept, doit forcment conduire aux extrmes. Clausewitz , De la guerre , 1832, Chapitre 1, § 2 et 3, tr. Essay On Disestablishing? fr. Mali Empire? Nicolas Wacquet, Rivages poche, Petite Bibliothque, p. Essay Shakespeare? 19-22. La guerre prend la forme d'une lutte collective dont le but est, par la violence, de vaincre l'adversaire / afin de le dominer. Ds lors, il est vain de vouloir faire la guerre par la seule intelligence, en limitant / ainsi la violence, car on on humanity, sera dfait par un ennemi sans scrupules. Toute guerre implique une intention hostile, / qui dcoule soit d'un sentiment d'hostilit, soit de motifs rationnels.

Cependant, la guerre civilise, quoique moins cruelle, ne s'oppose pas / pour autant la guerre sauvage. On Disestablishing? Non seulement la civilisation n'a fait que rendre plus efficace la violence, mais / elle n'empche pas [par ailleurs] les dchanements de haine. Rsumer en 100 mots le texte suivant. Mali Empire? Un cart de 10% en plus ou en moins sera accept. La guerre est une lutte arme entre units politiques organises, la guerre civile est une lutte arme au sein d'une unit politique (remise en question de ce fait). Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? La caractristique essentielle d'une arme est d'tre un moyen de provoquer la mort physique d'tres humains. Old Testament Covenants? l'exemple du mot ennemi , le mot lutte doit tre entendu ici dans son sens original et existentiel. Shakespeare? Ce n'est pas une simple concurrence que ce mot dsigne, ni la lutte purement intellectuelle de la discussion, ni cette lutte symbolique dans laquelle finalement chaque homme est de quelque manire engag tout instant puisque les choses sont ainsi faites, et que la vie humaine tout entire est un combat et tout homme un combattant. Mali Empire? Les concepts d'ami, d'ennemi, de combat tirent leur signification objective de leur relation permanente ce fait rel, la possibilit de provoquer la mort physique d'un homme. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? La guerre nat de l'hostilit, celle-ci tant la ngation existentielle d'un autre tre. On Humanity? La guerre n'est que l'actualisation ultime de l'hostilit. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Ceci n'implique pas qu'elle soit chose courante, chose normale, ni d'ailleurs que l'on y voie une solution idale ou dsirable ; elle reste nanmoins prsente ncessairement sous forme d'une possibilit du rel tant que la notion d'ennemi garde son sens.

Les choses ne se prsentent donc nullement comme si l'existence politique n'tait qu'une guerre sanglante et chaque acte politique une opration militaire, comme si sans cesse chaque peuple face chaque autre peuple tait accul de faon permanente l'alternative ami ou ennemi, comme si la dcision politiquement bonne ne pouvait pas tre celle qui prcisment vite la guerre. Maslow's? La dfinition que nous donnons ici du politique n'est ni belliciste, ni militariste, ni imprialiste, ni pacifiste. Essay On Disestablishing? Elle n'est pas davantage une tentative de prsenter la guerre victorieuse ou la rvolution russie comme un idal social, car la guerre ou la rvolution ne sont ni un fait social, ni un fait idal. Speech? Quant au combat militaire considr en lui-mme, il n'est pas la poursuite de la politique par d'autres moyens, pour rappeler la faon, d'ailleurs inexacte, dont on Essay, cite habituellement le mot clbre de Clausewitz ; il a, en tant que guerre, son optique et ses rgles propres, stratgiques, tactiques et autres, qui supposent cependant toutes que la dcision politique, celle qui dsigne l'ennemi, est un fait donn pralable. Egypt Family Tree? Dans une guerre, les adversaires s'affrontent en gnral ouvertement comme tels, ils se distinguent mme normalement par leur uniforme, et de ce fait la discrimination de l'ami et de l'ennemi n'est plus un problme politique que le soldat au combat aurait rsoudre. Essay On Disestablishing? D'o la justesse de cette remarque d'un diplomate anglais, qui prtend que l'homme politique est mieux entran au combat que le soldat parce que l'homme politique se bat toute sa vie, alors que le soldat ne le fait qu'exceptionnellement. Why Is Graduated? La guerre est loin d'tre l'objectif, la fin, voire la substance du politique, mais elle est cette hypothse, cette ralit ventuelle qui gouverne selon son mode propre la pense et l'action des hommes, dterminant de la sorte un comportement spcifiquement politique. C'est pourquoi le critre qui consiste en la discrimination de l'ami et de l'ennemi ne signifie nullement non plus qu'un peuple donn sera ternellement l'ami ou l'ennemi d'un autre peuple donn, ou qu'une neutralit n'est pas chose possible, qu'elle est un non-sens politique. Essay On Disestablishing Shakespeare? Simplement, comme tout concept politique, le concept de neutralit, lui aussi, reste subordonn l'hypothse dernire, celle de la possibilit effective d'un regroupement en amis et ennemis ; et s'il n'y avait plus sur terre que de la neutralit, ce serait la fin, non seulement de toute guerre, mais aussi celle de la neutralit elle-mme, tout comme c'est la fin de toute politique, y compris celle d'une politique visant viter le combat, ds lors que l'ventualit concrte du combat disparat.

Les seuls facteurs dterminants sont l'ventualit de la situation dcisive, c'est--dire celle du combat rel, et l'acte de dcider si cette situation est donne ou non. Or, le caractre exceptionnel de cette situation, loin d'en annuler l'importance dterminante, fonde prcisment celle-ci. Egypt Family? Si, de nos jours, les guerres ne sont plus aussi nombreuses et aussi communes que jadis, en revanche, l'emprise totale et l'normit de leur puissance de choc s'est accrue dans la proportion o elles se sont faites moins frquentes et moins banales, et peut-tre plus encore. Essay On Disestablishing? Le cas de guerre est rest, jusque dans le prsent, l'preuve dcisive par excellence. Summary? En cette occasion comme en beaucoup d'autres, on Essay, peut dire que c'est la situation d'exception qui revt une signification particulirement dterminante, rvlatrice du fond des choses. Speech On Humanity? Car il faut qu'il y ait lutte relle pour que se manifeste la logique ultime de la configuration politique qui oppose l'ami et l'ennemi. On Disestablishing Shakespeare? C'est dans la perspective de cette ventualit extrme que la vie des hommes s'enrichit de sa polarit spcifiquement politique.

Un monde d'o l'ventualit de cette lutte aurait t entirement carte et bannie, une plante dfinitivement pacifie serait un monde sans discrimination de l'ami et de l'ennemi et par consquent un monde sans politique. Gods Tree? Ce monde-l pourrait prsenter une diversit d'oppositions et de contrastes peut-tre intressants, toutes sortes de concurrences et d'intrigues, mais il ne prsenterait logiquement aucun antagonisme au nom duquel on Essay on Disestablishing, pourrait demander des tres humains de faire le sacrifice de leur vie et donner certains le pouvoir de rpandre le sang et de tuer d'autres hommes. Carl Schmitt , La notion de politique , 1932, tr. Why Is? Steinhauser, Champs Flammarion, 1992, p. Essay On Disestablishing? 70-73. La guerre est une lutte arme entre ennemis, qui a lieu entre ou au sein de groupes politiques, et qui / pousse l'hostilit son stade ultime, savoir anantir l'autre physiquement. Bien que possdant ses rgles propres, elle / est un phnomne essentiellement politique, ce qui ne signifie pas qu'elle soit un idal politique, mais seulement que tout / pouvoir politique doit l'envisager comme un moyen parfois incontournable de parvenir ses fins. Par consquent, un monde sans / guerre, autrement dit o rgnerait une stricte neutralit, serait en ralit un monde sans ennemis et donc apolitique.

Vous rsumerez le texte en 100 mots (+ ou - 10 %) . Si l’on peut comparer la guerre un jeu, c’est parce qu’elle est d'abord une comptition, / dans laquelle les hommes se reconnaissent comme des gaux, et o la victoire est plus recherche pour la gloire / qu’elle procure que pour ses bnfices conomiques ou politiques. Une guerre ne se dfinit donc pas par le seul / usage de la violence, car toute guerre contient un lment ludique, associ des rgles, et un lment de brutalit. Mali Empire? / Il est vrai nanmoins que nous courons dsormais le risque, avec les guerres contemporaines, de voir disparatre l’aspect ludique / au profit de la seule violence.