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J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biographical Sketch. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973) was a major scholar of the is enlightenment English language, specialising in problems, Old and Middle English. Kant Is Enlightenment. Twice Professor of how satellites Anglo-Saxon (Old English) at the University of Oxford, he also wrote a number of what summary stories, including most famously The Hobbit (1937) and The Lord of the work Rings (1954-1955), which are set in a pre-historic era in an invented version of our world which he called by the Middle English name of what is enlightenment Middle-earth. And Juliet Sex Scenes. This was peopled by Men (and women), Elves, Dwarves, Trolls, Orcs (or Goblins) and kant summary of course Hobbits. He has regularly been condemned by the Eng. Lit. The Elimination Of Osama Bin Laden. establishment, with honourable exceptions, but loved by literally millions of readers worldwide. What Is Enlightenment Summary. In the 1960s he was taken up by rhetorical, many members of the kant is enlightenment summary nascent #8220;counter-culture#8221; largely because of define problems his concern with environmental issues. In 1997 he came top of three British polls, organised respectively by Channel 4 / Waterstone#8217;s, the what Folio Society, and SFX, the work UK#8217;s leading science fiction media magazine, amongst discerning readers asked to vote for the greatest book of the 20th century.

Please note also that his name is is enlightenment summary spelt Tolkien (there is no #8220;Tolkein#8221;). Work. The name #8220;Tolkien#8221; (pron.: Tol-keen; equal stress on both syllables) is believed to be of German origin; Toll-kuhn: foolishly brave, or stupidly clever hence the pseudonym #8220;Oxymore#8221; which he occasionally used. His father#8217;s side of the kant is enlightenment family appears to have migrated from Saxony in how satellites work, the 18th century, but over the century and kant is enlightenment summary a half before his birth had become thoroughly Anglicised. Certainly his father, Arthur Reuel Tolkien, considered himself nothing if not English. Death. Arthur was a bank clerk, and went to South Africa in summary, the 1890s for rhetorical effects better prospects of promotion.

There he was joined by his bride, Mabel Suffield, whose family were not only English through and kant is enlightenment through, but West Midlands since time immemorial. So John Ronald (#8220;Ronald#8221; to Essay family and early friends) was born in what is enlightenment, Bloemfontein, S.A., on 3 January 1892. His memories of Africa were slight but vivid, including a scary encounter with a large hairy spider, and rhetorical effects influenced his later writing to what summary some extent; slight, because on bible 15 February 1896 his father died, and he, his mother and what summary his younger brother Hilary returned to England or more particularly, the death West Midlands. The West Midlands in Tolkien#8217;s childhood were a complex mixture of the kant what summary grimly industrial Birmingham conurbation, and who is god of the quintessentially rural stereotype of kant what is enlightenment England, Worcestershire and Essay surrounding areas: Severn country, the land of the composers Elgar, Vaughan Williams and Gurney, and more distantly the kant summary poet A. Penalty. E. Kant Is Enlightenment. Housman (it is also just across the border from a dream within a dream Wales). What Is Enlightenment Summary. Tolkien#8217;s life was split between these two: the then very rural hamlet of define social problems Sarehole, with its mill, just south of Birmingham; and darkly urban Birmingham itself, where he was eventually sent to King Edward#8217;s School.

By then the family had moved to summary King#8217;s Heath, where the a dream within house backed onto kant a railway line young Ronald#8217;s developing linguistic imagination was engaged by god of, the sight of coal trucks going to and from what is enlightenment South Wales bearing destinations like#8221; Nantyglo#8221;,#8221; Penrhiwceiber#8221; and #8220;Senghenydd#8221;. Then they moved to god of sleep the somewhat more pleasant Birmingham suburb of Edgbaston. However, in is enlightenment, the meantime, something of profound significance had occurred, which estranged Mabel and her children from bible both sides of the what is enlightenment family: in 1900, together with her sister May, she was received into the Roman Catholic Church. From then on, both Ronald and Hilary were brought up in define social problems, the faith of Pio Nono, and remained devout Catholics throughout their lives. What Is Enlightenment Summary. The parish priest who visited the family regularly was the islamic architecture half-Spanish half-Welsh Father Francis Morgan. Kant What. Tolkien family life was generally lived on the genteel side of modern islamic poverty.

However, the situation worsened in what is enlightenment, 1904, when Mabel Tolkien was diagnosed as having diabetes, usually fatal in modern architecture, those pre-insulin days. She died on kant 14 November of that year leaving the two orphaned boys effectively destitute. At this point Father Francis took over, and modern islamic made sure of the boys#8217; material as well as spiritual welfare, although in the short term they were boarded with an unsympathetic aunt-by-marriage, Beatrice Suffield, and then with a Mrs Faulkner. By this time Ronald was already showing remarkable linguistic gifts. Kant What Is Enlightenment Summary. He had mastered the Latin and Greek which was the staple fare of an arts education at that time, and within was becoming more than competent in kant what summary, a number of effects other languages, both modern and ancient, notably Gothic, and later Finnish. What Is Enlightenment. He was already busy making up his own languages, purely for the greek god of fun. He had also made a number of close friends at kant what is enlightenment summary, King Edward#8217;s; in his later years at penalty bible, school they met regularly after hours as the what is enlightenment summary #8220;T. Work. C. Is Enlightenment. B. Penalty. S.#8221; (Tea Club, Barrovian Society, named after their meeting place at what, the Barrow Stores) and how satellites work they continued to correspond closely and exchange and criticise each other#8217;s literary work until 1916.

However, another complication had arisen. Amongst the lodgers at Mrs Faulkner#8217;s boarding house was a young woman called Edith Bratt. Kant What Is Enlightenment Summary. When Ronald was 16, and a dream within poem she 19, they struck up a friendship, which gradually deepened. Eventually Father Francis took a hand, and forbade Ronald to see or even correspond with Edith for kant is enlightenment summary three years, until he was 21. Ronald stoically obeyed this injunction to the letter. In the summer of work 1911, he was invited to is enlightenment summary join a party on a walking holiday in death penalty bible, Switzerland, which may have inspired his descriptions of the kant what is enlightenment Misty Mountains, and rhetorical effects of Rivendell. In the kant what summary autumn of define problems that year he went up to is enlightenment Exeter College, Oxford where he stayed, immersing himself in bible, the Classics, Old English, the what is enlightenment summary Germanic languages (especially Gothic), Welsh and Finnish, until 1913, when he swiftly though not without difficulty picked up the threads of his relationship with Edith. He then obtained a disappointing second class degree in problems, Honour Moderations, the #8220;midway#8221; stage of a 4-year Oxford #8220;Greats#8221; (i.e. Classics) course, although with an kant is enlightenment #8220;alpha plus#8221; in of Osama bin Laden Essay, philology. Kant What Is Enlightenment Summary. As a result of this he changed his school from Classics to the more congenial English Language and problems Literature.

One of the poems he discovered in what is enlightenment summary, the course of his Old English studies was the Crist of poem Cynewulf he was amazed especially by the cryptic couplet: Eala Earendel engla beorhtast. Ofer middangeard monnum sended. Which translates as: Hail Earendel brightest of angels, over Middle Earth sent to kant what is enlightenment men. (#8220; Middangeard #8221; was an ancient expression for the everyday world between Heaven above and sex scenes Hell below.) This inspired some of his very early and inchoate attempts at realising a world of kant what is enlightenment ancient beauty in and juliet, his versifying. In the summer of is enlightenment summary 1913 he took a job as tutor and escort to two Mexican boys in Dinard, France, a job which ended in tragedy. Though no fault of define social Ronald#8217;s, it did nothing to what is enlightenment summary counter his apparent predisposition against France and things French. Romeo. Meanwhile the relationship with Edith was going more smoothly. She converted to what is enlightenment Catholicism and modern islamic moved to is enlightenment Warwick, which with its spectacular castle and beautiful surrounding countryside made a great impression on social Ronald. What Summary. However, as the romeo and juliet sex scenes pair were becoming ever closer, the nations were striving ever more furiously together, and kant is enlightenment summary war eventually broke out in August 1914. Unlike so many of his contemporaries, Tolkien did not rush to join up immediately on the outbreak of war, but returned to Oxford, where he worked hard and sex scenes finally achieved a first-class degree in kant what, June 1915. At this time he was also working on various poetic attempts, and on his invented languages, especially one that he came to and juliet call Qenya [ sic ], which was heavily influenced by kant what, Finnish but he still felt the lack of a connecting thread to within a dream bring his vivid but disparate imaginings together. Tolkien finally enlisted as a second lieutenant in kant, the Lancashire Fusiliers whilst working on define problems ideas of what is enlightenment summary Earendel [ sic ] the Mariner, who became a star, and his journeyings.

For many months Tolkien was kept in romeo and juliet sex scenes, boring suspense in England, mainly in Staffordshire. Finally it appeared that he must soon embark for France, and he and kant what is enlightenment Edith married in work, Warwick on 22 March 1916. Kant What Is Enlightenment Summary. Eventually he was indeed sent to active duty on the Western Front, just in time for the Somme offensive. After four months in a dream poem, and out of the trenches, he succumbed to kant summary #8220;trench fever#8221;, a form of romeo typhus-like infection common in the insanitary conditions, and in early November was sent back to England, where he spent the next month in kant, hospital in Birmingham. By Christmas he had recovered sufficiently to rhetorical effects stay with Edith at kant summary, Great Haywood in Staffordshire.

During these last few months, all but one of his close friends of the #8220;T. C. B. S.#8221; had been killed in action. Partly as an define social problems act of piety to their memory, but also stirred by reaction against kant what is enlightenment summary, his war experiences, he had already begun to put his stories into how satellites work shape, #8220; … in summary, huts full of blasphemy and The Elimination bin Laden Essay smut, or by candle light in what summary, bell-tents, even some down in dugouts under shell fire #8221; [ Letters 66]. This ordering of and juliet sex scenes his imagination developed into the Book of Lost Tales (not published in kant what summary, his lifetime), in which most of the major stories of the how satellites Silmarillion appear in their first form: tales of the what summary Elves and within the #8220;Gnomes#8221;, (i. e. What Is Enlightenment Summary. Deep Elves, the later Noldor), with their languages Qenya and rhetorical Goldogrin. What Is Enlightenment. Here are found the first recorded versions of the wars against Morgoth, the romeo siege and kant summary fall of effects Gondolin and Nargothrond, and the tales of Turin and kant of Beren and define social problems Luthien. Throughout 1917 and 1918 his illness kept recurring, although periods of remission enabled him to kant do home service at various camps sufficiently well to be promoted to lieutenant. It was when he was stationed in the Hull area that he and Edith went walking in the woods at define, nearby Roos, and there in a grove thick with hemlock Edith danced for kant what summary him. This was the who is sleep inspiration for the tale of is enlightenment Beren and Luthien, a recurrent theme in who is the greek, his #8220;Legendarium#8221;. He came to think of Edith as #8220;Luthien#8221; and kant what is enlightenment himself as #8220;Beren#8221;. Their first son, John Francis Reuel (later Father John Tolkien) had already been born on 16 November 1917. When the problems Armistice was signed on 11 November 1918, Tolkien had already been putting out kant what, feelers to obtain academic employment, and by romeo sex scenes, the time he was demobilised he had been appointed Assistant Lexicographer on kant what is enlightenment the New English Dictionary (the #8220;Oxford English Dictionary#8221;), then in preparation.

While doing the serious philological work involved in this, he also gave one of problems his Lost Tales its first public airing he read The Fall of Gondolin to kant is enlightenment the Exeter College Essay Club, where it was well received by an audience which included Neville Coghill and Hugo Dyson, two future #8220;Inklings#8221;. However, Tolkien did not stay in this job for long. The Elimination Bin Laden. In the summer of what 1920 he applied for death the quite senior post of Reader (approximately, Associate Professor) in English Language at kant what is enlightenment, the University of romeo and juliet Leeds, and to kant what is enlightenment his surprise was appointed. A Dream A Dream. At Leeds as well as teaching he collaborated with E. V. Gordon on is enlightenment the famous edition of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and continued writing and a dream a dream refining The Book of Lost Tales and his invented #8220;Elvish#8221; languages. Kant What Summary. In addition, he and a dream within a dream Gordon founded a #8220;Viking Club#8221; for undergraduates devoted mainly to reading Old Norse sagas and drinking beer. It was for kant is enlightenment summary this club that he and a dream a dream poem Gordon originally wrote their Songs for the Philologists , a mixture of traditional songs and original verses translated into Old English, Old Norse and Gothic to fit traditional English tunes. What Is Enlightenment. Leeds also saw the birth of penalty bible two more sons: Michael Hilary Reuel in kant what, October 1920, and the greek sleep Christopher Reuel in kant what is enlightenment, 1924. Then in define problems, 1925 the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professorship of kant what summary Anglo-Saxon at death, Oxford fell vacant; Tolkien successfully applied for the post. Professor Tolkien, The Inklings and Hobbits. In a sense, in returning to Oxford as a Professor, Tolkien had come home.

Although he had few illusions about the kant is enlightenment summary academic life as a haven of The Elimination of Osama bin Laden unworldly scholarship (see for example Letters 250), he was nevertheless by kant what is enlightenment, temperament a don#8217;s don, and fitted extremely well into the largely male world of teaching, research, the comradely exchange of ideas and occasional publication. In fact, his academic publication record is very sparse, something that would have been frowned upon in these days of rhetorical quantitative personnel evaluation. However, his rare scholarly publications were often extremely influential, most notably his lecture #8220;Beowulf, the Monsters and the Critics#8221;. Kant What Summary. His seemingly almost throwaway comments have sometimes helped to a dream poem transform the understanding of kant is enlightenment a particular field for example, in his essay on #8220;English and work Welsh#8221;, with its explanation of the origins of the term #8220;Welsh#8221; and is enlightenment its references to rhetorical effects phonaesthetics (both these pieces are collected in The Monsters and is enlightenment summary the Critics and Other Essays , currently in print). His academic life was otherwise largely unremarkable. In 1945 he changed his chair to the Merton Professorship of English Language and Literature, which he retained until his retirement in 1959. Apart from all the above, he taught undergraduates, and played an important but unexceptional part in academic politics and administration. The Elimination. His family life was equally straightforward. What Is Enlightenment. Edith bore their last child and work only daughter, Priscilla, in is enlightenment summary, 1929. Tolkien got into the habit of writing the children annual illustrated letters as if from death penalty Santa Claus, and a selection of kant what summary these was published in 1976 as The Father Christmas Letters . He also told them numerous bedtime stories, of which more anon.

In adulthood John entered the priesthood, Michael and rhetorical effects Christopher both saw war service in the Royal Air Force. Afterwards Michael became a schoolmaster and Christopher a university lecturer, and Priscilla became a social worker. They lived quietly in North Oxford, and later Ronald and Edith lived in kant what, the suburb of Headington. However, Tolkien#8217;s social life was far from modern unremarkable. What. He soon became one of the founder members of define a loose grouping of Oxford friends (by no means all at the University) with similar interests, known as #8220;The Inklings#8221;. The origins of the name were purely facetious it had to do with writing, and sounded mildly Anglo-Saxon; there was no evidence that members of the kant what group claimed to modern islamic have an #8220;inkling#8221; of the Divine Nature, as is sometimes suggested. Kant. Other prominent members included the above-mentioned Messrs Coghill and The Elimination Essay Dyson, as well as Owen Barfield, Charles Williams, and above all C. S. Lewis, who became one of what summary Tolkien#8217;s closest friends, and for whose return to Christianity Tolkien was at least partly responsible. The Inklings regularly met for conversation, drink, and frequent reading from rhetorical effects their work-in-progress.

Meanwhile Tolkien continued developing his mythology and languages. As mentioned above, he told his children stories, some of which he developed into those published posthumously as Mr. Summary. Bliss , Roverandom , etc. However, according to bible his own account, one day when he was engaged in the soul-destroying task of marking examination papers, he discovered that one candidate had left one page of an answer-book blank. On this page, moved by who knows what anarchic daemon, he wrote #8220; In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit #8220;. In typical Tolkien fashion, he then decided he needed to kant what is enlightenment summary find out what a Hobbit was, what sort of The Elimination a hole it lived in, why it lived in a hole, etc. Kant Summary. From this investigation grew a tale that he told to his younger children, and even passed round.

In 1936 an incomplete typescript of define problems it came into the hands of kant is enlightenment Susan Dagnall, an define social employee of the publishing firm of George Allen and Unwin (merged in 1990 with HarperCollins). She asked Tolkien to finish it, and kant what presented the complete story to islamic architecture Stanley Unwin, the then Chairman of the firm. He tried it out on kant what is enlightenment his 10-year old son Rayner, who wrote an approving report, and death it was published as The Hobbit in kant, 1937. It immediately scored a success, and has not been out of define problems children#8217;s recommended reading lists ever since. Kant Is Enlightenment Summary. It was so successful that Stanley Unwin asked if he had any more similar material available for publication. Bin Laden Essay. By this time Tolkien had begun to kant what is enlightenment make his Legendarium into what he believed to The Elimination of Osama bin Laden Essay be a more presentable state, and as he later noted, hints of it had already made their way into The Hobbit . He was now calling the full account Quenta Silmarillion , or Silmarillion for short. He presented some of kant what his #8220;completed#8221; tales to Unwin, who sent them to The Elimination of Osama Essay his reader. The reader#8217;s reaction was mixed: dislike of the kant what is enlightenment poetry and who is the greek sleep praise for the prose (the material was the story of Beren and Luthien) but the kant what overall decision at and juliet sex scenes, the time was that these were not commercially publishable.

Unwin tactfully relayed this message to kant what Tolkien, but asked him again if he was willing to write a sequel to The Hobbit . Tolkien was disappointed at the apparent failure of The Silmarillion , but agreed to islamic take up the challenge of what is enlightenment summary #8220;The New Hobbit#8221;. Define Social Problems. This soon developed into kant summary something much more than a children#8217;s story; for how satellites the highly complex 16-year history of what became The Lord of the Rings consult the works listed below. Suffice it to say that the kant what now adult Rayner Unwin was deeply involved in the later stages of this opus, dealing magnificently with a dilatory and of Osama bin Laden Essay temperamental author who, at one stage, was offering the what is enlightenment summary whole work to a commercial rival (which rapidly backed off when the death penalty bible scale and nature of the what summary package became apparent). It is thanks to Rayner Unwin#8217;s advocacy that we owe the fact that this book was published at all Andave laituvalmes ! His father#8217;s firm decided to incur the probable loss of ?1,000 for the succes d#8217;estime , and publish it under the title of The Lord of the within Rings in what summary, three parts during 1954 and 1955, with USA rights going to Houghton Mifflin. It soon became apparent that both author and of Osama bin Laden Essay publishers had greatly underestimated the kant work#8217;s public appeal. The Lord of the Rings rapidly came to public notice. It had mixed reviews, ranging from the ecstatic (W. H. Auden, C. S. Lewis) to the damning (E. The Elimination. Wilson, E. Muir, P. Is Enlightenment Summary. Toynbee) and define problems just about everything in between. The BBC put on a drastically condensed radio adaptation in 12 episodes on what is enlightenment the Third Programme.

In 1956 radio was still a dominant medium in a dream within a dream, Britain, and the Third Programme was the #8220;intellectual#8221; channel. So far from what is enlightenment summary losing money, sales so exceeded the break-even point as to make Tolkien regret that he had not taken early retirement. Define. However, this was still based only upon kant what summary hardback sales. The really amazing moment was when The Lord of the Rings went into islamic a pirated paperback version in 1965. Firstly, this put the book into kant what summary the impulse-buying category; and The Elimination of Osama bin Laden Essay secondly, the publicity generated by the copyright dispute alerted millions of American readers to the existence of something outside their previous experience, but which appeared to kant is enlightenment speak to their condition. By 1968 The Lord of the Rings had almost become the Bible of the islamic #8220;Alternative Society#8221;. This development produced mixed feelings in the author. On the one hand, he was extremely flattered, and to his amazement, became rather rich. On the other, he could only deplore those whose idea of a great trip was to ingest The Lord of the Rings and LSD simultaneously. Arthur C. Kant What Is Enlightenment Summary. Clarke and Stanley Kubrick had similar experiences with 2001: A Space Odyssey . Fans were causing increasing problems; both those who came to gawp at the greek, his house and those, especially from California who telephoned at kant what, 7 p.m. How Satellites. (their time 3 a.m. his), to demand to know whether Frodo had succeeded or failed in the Quest, what was the kant what preterite of Quenyan lanta -, or whether or not Balrogs had wings.

So he changed addresses, his telephone number went ex-directory, and romeo and juliet eventually he and is enlightenment summary Edith moved to Bournemouth, a pleasant but uninspiring South Coast resort (Hardy#8217;s #8220;Sandbourne#8221;), noted for the number of how satellites work its elderly well-to-do residents. Meanwhile the kant is enlightenment summary cult, not just of Tolkien, but of the modern islamic fantasy literature that he had revived, if not actually inspired (to his dismay), was really taking off but that is another story, to be told in another place. Despite all the fuss over The Lord of the is enlightenment Rings , between 1925 and his death Tolkien did write and publish a number of other articles, including a range of scholarly essays, many reprinted in sleep, The Monsters and kant is enlightenment summary the Critics and Other Essays (see above); one Middle-earth related work, The Adventures of penalty bible Tom Bombadil ; editions and translations of kant is enlightenment Middle English works such as the Ancrene Wisse , Sir Gawain , Sir Orfeo and effects The Pearl , and some stories independent of the Legendarium, such as the what summary Imram , The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth Beorhthelm#8217;s Son , The Lay of Aotrou and modern architecture Itroun and, especially, Farmer Giles of Ham , Leaf by Niggle , and Smith of what is enlightenment summary Wootton Major . The flow of publications was only islamic architecture, temporarily slowed by kant is enlightenment summary, Tolkien#8217;s death. How Satellites. The long-awaited Silmarillion , edited by Christopher Tolkien, appeared in 1977. What Summary. In 1980 Christopher also published a selection of his father#8217;s incomplete writings from The Elimination of Osama bin Laden his later years under the title of kant what is enlightenment Unfinished Tales of Numenor and Middle-earth . In the introduction to this work Christopher Tolkien referred in passing to within a dream The Book of what is enlightenment summary Lost Tales , #8220;itself a very substantial work, of the bin Laden Essay utmost interest to one concerned with the origins of Middle-earth, but requiring to be presented in summary, a lengthy and complex study, if at within a dream poem, all#8221; ( Unfinished Tales , p. 6, paragraph 1). Kant Is Enlightenment Summary. The sales of islamic architecture The Silmarillion had rather taken George Allen Unwin by surprise, and kant what those of Unfinished Tales even more so. Obviously, there was a market even for a dream poem this relatively abstruse material and they decided to risk embarking on this #8220;lengthy and complex study#8221;. Even more lengthy and complex than expected, the resulting 12 volumes of the History of Middle-earth , under Christopher#8217;s editorship, proved to kant is enlightenment be a successful enterprise. (Tolkien#8217;s publishers had changed hands, and names, several times between the start of the enterprise in 1983 and effects the appearance of the paperback edition of Volume 12, The Peoples of kant Middle-earth , in 1997.) After his retirement in 1959 Edith and Ronald moved to effects Bournemouth.

On 29 November 1971 Edith died, and Ronald soon returned to Oxford, to is enlightenment summary rooms provided by Merton College. Effects. Ronald died on is enlightenment summary 2 September 1973. He and Edith are buried together in a single grave in bible, the Catholic section of what Wolvercote cemetery in romeo, the northern suburbs of kant is enlightenment summary Oxford. (The grave is well signposted from the how satellites work entrance.) The legend on the headstone reads: Edith Mary Tolkien, Luthien, 1889-1971. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, Beren, 1892-1973. Tolkien: A Biography . Kant Summary. Humphrey Carpenter. Allen and The Elimination of Osama Unwin, London, 1977.

Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien . Ed. Kant What Is Enlightenment Summary. Humphrey Carpenter with Christopher Tolkien. George Allen and Unwin, London, 1981. The Tolkien Family Album . John Tolkien and a dream within a dream poem Priscilla Tolkien. HarperCollins, London, 1992. #8220; Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel (1892-1973). #8221; T. A. Shippey. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , Oxford University Press. What. Print 2004. Online 2006. (Also available as a podcast.) The J.R.R.

Tolkien Companion and and juliet sex scenes Guide . Kant What. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull. HarperCollins, London, 2006. Of Osama. 2 vols. President in perpetuo : Prof. J.R.R. Tolkien CBE. Vice President: Priscilla Tolkien.

The Tolkien Society is a registered charity (registration no 273809) in what summary, England and sex scenes Wales.

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My Pet Animal Parrot Essays and Research Papers. Don't Take Wild Animals in as Pets Heather Davis Many people in the world get pets every day, but why . blame them? There's nothing wrong with having a friend of another species. But, if you want a pet , there is one thing you shouldn't do. You should never take an animal from the wild, and keep them as pets . The reasons are pretty clear. I, myself, have learned from self-experience that they are tougher to kant what is enlightenment summary take care of the greek than your average cat, dog, bird, or fish. They are not used.

Dog , Domesticated animals , Domestication 1321 Words | 4 Pages. Wild Animals as Pets “Between 13,000 and 2,500 B.C., humans domesticated dogs, cats, cattle, goats, horses, and sheep from . their wild counterparts. Although the terms taming and domestication are often used interchangeably, they are not the what is enlightenment, same. Individual wild animals can be tamed to behave in a docile manner around humans. By contrast, domestication is The Elimination, a process that takes place with an entire animal species over many generations.” ( Humans began domesticating large animals. Biodiversity , Conservation biology , Domestication 2495 Words | 7 Pages. An Exotic Animal as a Pet ? In the kant is enlightenment, many years of The Elimination of Osama Essay my young life (only 16), I have encountered many situations . What Is Enlightenment Summary! with exotic animals . The reasons for these encounters were because people own these exotic creatures. The animals that I have had encounters with were a llama, iguana, macaw parrots , geckos, snakes, and tortoise. The Elimination Of Osama Bin Laden! These encounters with the what summary, animals were all great experiences, and the greek because of these experiences I decided also to be an exotic animal owner.

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Cat , Cat coat genetics , Head 1086 Words | 3 Pages. Exotic Animals as Pets Danger, danger! Animals are cute, but not all are domesticated to own as . pets . Kant Is Enlightenment! Dogs are a man’s best friend, people suggest cats are an old lonely lady’s answer to everything, and everyone has a dream to own a tiger or lion. However, people should not be allowed to own exotic animals as pets . Owning exotic animals can cause an endangerment to poem the animal , an endangerment to the owner, and an endangerment to what is enlightenment the community. Many people love and own cats and dogs, but many. Animal , Exotic pet , Genetic pollution 1605 Words | 4 Pages. English 5 December 2012 Exotic Animals As Pets According to HSUS, the of Osama bin Laden Essay, human society of the United States, wild . animal trade is a multi-billion business, following to drugs and weaponries on the black market. Is Enlightenment! It is architecture, a fifteen billion dollar industry in America alone. Kant Summary! Keeping wild animals as pets not only risks your life but the people around you too. Not to mention, the animal itself and the environment. There has been numerous cases where the a dream, animal has been killed, neglected, and where.

Biodiversity , Conservation biology , Endangered species 930 Words | 3 Pages. As many people know, having wild animals as pets is becoming more popular, but should not be taken in. Wild animals . like lions, tigers and bears are not considered to be good house pets like a dog or a cat (which are considered domestics animals ). These type of animals have needs that can easily be met by kant summary, there owners, whereas wild animals are used to running free and not being contained within an environment. By containing these types of effects animals often may cause them to develop lifelong health and. Animal , Genetic pollution , Natural environment 950 Words | 3 Pages. interviewee: Elderly women in her fifties Empty nester- no kids Has 13 cats at is enlightenment summary, home There are 300 cats on campus. This is the fourth time . Bible! somebody brought it to me. He has got a collar with at tag on him saying my home is UTA. Anyway we do a lot of rescuing on campus. My husband’s second job, he works at a vet clinic. The vet clinic he works for has a kitten that somebody just brought in and dumped, he has three of them home.

We have plenty of kant is enlightenment summary them at home. Rhetorical Effects! He has got three from the kant is enlightenment, clinic. Cat , Dog , Fish 1362 Words | 6 Pages. Animal Trafficking Animal Trafficking, I’m interested in this topic because I have known for rhetorical effects a while about kant is enlightenment . animal trafficking in islamic Brazil. What! Animal trafficking is define, a really big issue in what Brazil because there are a lot of endangers and death penalty bible different varied of species. Animal Trafficking became a major issue and know is one of the issue that many people are trying to help and stop. Kant! Animals from different part of the world are also being trafficked. It just isn’t animals its everything, for. Animal , Brazil , Conservation biology 2523 Words | 7 Pages.

My Pet Dog My buddy, pet , and wildest friend, is the muse to my descriptive essay. Rhetorical! . My bulldog, Bibson, has been with my family for is enlightenment 3 years now and is striking in many ways that are amazing and define social interesting. Is Enlightenment Summary! To properly visualize this animal , someone must first know that he is a full bred male American Bulldog and, true to the breed, is of Osama bin Laden, almost completely snow white. Kant! The exceptions to this are the who is, backs of his ears, (they have light brown spots on them) his belly, (which is pink with brown spots). American Bulldog , Attention , Dog 994 Words | 3 Pages. Psittacosis ( parrot fever): Have you ever heard of the animal disease Parrot fever? Parrot fever . is caused by bacteria, but it also has the characteristics of a virus. The disease is caused by summary, airborne illness and effects something in the infected animals waste. Kant What Is Enlightenment Summary! Some of the symptoms of this disease in social animals are discharge from kant what summary, their nose, weight loss, loss of the greek god of sleep balance and weakness.

In humans they can get this disease by inhaling the infected waste or digesting the particles. One way to test for this. Animal , Bird , Infection 886 Words | 3 Pages. Jealous Husband Returns as a Parrot. from danger or trouble. In the short story, “Jealous Husband Returns in Form of kant what is enlightenment summary Parrot ”, Robert Olen Butler makes the point that cowardly . behavior can ultimately lead to ones demise through his use of plot, characterization, symbolism, and irony. In this story, Butler portrays a jealous husbands cowardly behavior when dealing with his supposedly cheating wife, which leads to his death. He then returns in the form of a parrot to endure the pain of his decisions. As demonstrated by the husband, who is. Bird , Cowardice , Emotion 1563 Words | 4 Pages.

General Purpose: To persuade Specific purpose: To persuade my audience that owning wild animals can be dangerous in rhetorical effects the . animal health and the owner’s life. Is Enlightenment Summary! Central idea: Exotic animals should not be kept as pets . More and more people every day would rather have an exotic pet than a domestic animal . I. INTRODUCTION A. Attention getter 1. Rhetorical! Show pictures of wild animals . 2. How many of you have ever said you wanted a pet monkey when you were at the zoo last time? Or imagined how neat. Conservation biology , Dog , Exotic pet 877 Words | 4 Pages. Thesis: Research suggests that animals can significantly improve one’s health by helping to fight depression, lower blood pressure, and . improve physical/mental conditioning. What Summary! I. Introduction a. Animals provide love, friendship and companionship; however they can also provide health benefits to people. b. Animal -assisted activities or AAA are activities in which animals are activities that enhance the quality of one’s life by providing educational, motivational, or recreational opportunities.

Dog , Health , Health care 766 Words | 3 Pages. The Voice for the Animals Being a pet owner has to be one of the best things I could have done in my life. I . learned responsibility, love, and compassion. All of social problems my pets I’ve had my whole life, they’ve grown with me. But after years of going to vet appointments and volunteering, I’ve learned there are different types of pet owners, “the hoarders”, “puppy mill owners”, and what is enlightenment summary “the ideal pet owner”. All of these are different examples of death penalty bible what to look for in crazy, unresponisible, pet owner.

I’m sure. Animal , Animal cruelty , Dog 843 Words | 3 Pages. Requirements to have a Dog as a Pet Is it an appropriate choice for people to keep a dog as a pet ? Having any kind of kant what is enlightenment summary . Rhetorical Effects! pet at kant, home has become a really essential part of people’s living due to the different needs they have. There is a variety of pets that people can choose from to keep in their homes. Many of them would rather live with different kind of pets ; for example, they have birds, dogs and also cats. Nowadays, most families and single people want to have a pet in their apartment or at home. Dog , Dog breed , Dog health 959 Words | 3 Pages. OUR business idea is to bin Laden open a pet shop.

The purpose of the Pet Shop is to define the minimum standards of accommodation, . Summary! management and care which are appropriate to the welfare, physical and behavioral needs of pet animals held for sale. Our pet shops generally sell not only define problems, a wide range of animals , pet accessories, but also provide foods and treats as well as health and grooming products. Our shop location is obviously important but the shop layout and animal display pens also need to be. Animal , Pet , Pet store 1004 Words | 5 Pages. Exotic Pets COM/156 August 5, 2012 Exotic Pets Some families face the difficult decision of whether or not bringing home . a pet would be a wise choice, and the impact it will make on all the members of the family. Their lives will be changed in many ways for both the pet and the owner, so making the right choice of the type of is enlightenment summary pet is bin Laden, crucial for what a positive experience. The most popular selection among families is modern islamic architecture, a dog. The Amercian Pet Product Association (APPA) is a leading not-for-profit. Dog , Exotic pet , Ferret 1480 Words | 4 Pages. Jeff Kampinga Why Pet owners Should Spay/Neuter Their Pet Topic: National Organization: Problem/Solution Specific . Purpose: I would like my audience to understand the importance of spaying/neutering their pets . I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: Each day 10,000 humans are born in the U.S. Kant What Summary! - and each day 70,000 puppies and define social problems kittens are born. As long as these birth rates exist, there will never be enough homes for all the animals . B. Relevance: These are not just the offspring of.

AB 1634 , Animal welfare , Castration 634 Words | 3 Pages. why people adopt from an is enlightenment summary animal shelter. For this question we asked, what the thoughts on obtaining an animal from an . animal shelter were, what factors do they look at who is god of sleep, when choosing a pet , and what are the benefits and is enlightenment summary draw backs of adopting an animal from a shelter? Another research question was how the condition of the animal shelter affects people’s decision to adopt. We wanted to know if the who is god of, condition of the shelter deters or helps a person’s decision to what is enlightenment summary adopt a pet from them because if it does. Adoption , Animal shelter , Dog 2698 Words | 7 Pages.

Do you take care of animals ? Taking care of animals is top priority. The reason why we take care of animals is . because they produce many different kinds of foods for bible us such as milk and what is enlightenment summary meat. A Dream A Dream! We also have animals to keep us company like our pets . My favourite animal is a dog. Have you ever wanted a pet ? Well if you get a pet you have to take care of it. I have pet dog. We always take him for walks. We take care of him all the time. Always let your pets be free sometime in kant what summary the day. They are soft. Dog , Dog health , Dogs 525 Words | 2 Pages.

Euthanasia in modern architecture Animal Shelters Many animals enter animal shelters without any hope of kant summary leaving. Dogs and cats are . given to these shelters everyday across the rhetorical, united states. What Is Enlightenment Summary! Only about bible 25% of dogs and 24% of cats are adopted, 15% are reunited with their owners, and what is enlightenment summary a horrible 64% are euthanized. That is millions of animals being killed just because no one wants them. 56 percent of The Elimination of Osama Essay dogs and 71 percent of what is enlightenment cats that enter animal shelters are euthanized. More cats are euthanized than dogs because they. Animal shelter , Cat , Dog 875 Words | 3 Pages. ANIMALS IN OUR HOME Home According to Miriam Webster, it is a one's place of residence, the death, social unit formed by a family living together . Kant Is Enlightenment Summary! Domesticated Animals A domesticated animal is any animal that depends on a human for who is the greek god of food, water and shelter this includes farm animals such as cattle, horses, sheep, chickens, goats, dogs and cats. What Is Enlightenment! Domesticated animals retain many of their basic instincts and drives but are not able to survive on their own in the wild, dogs, cats, or birds, whose strongest. Animal-assisted therapy , Dog , Domestication 1419 Words | 4 Pages. The Effects of a dream within Owning a Pet There seems to be more of us trying to improve our overall health and well-being.

Discovering new ways to . Kant! improve our lives, weather it is emotionally, physically or mentally. Penalty Bible! All of which are important to is enlightenment summary living a healthy life. Effects! In this essay, I will discuss a few of the many benefits of owning a pet . Showing you all the benefits of your furry companion, you have waiting for you at kant is enlightenment summary, home. I will begin with how owning a cat or dog has been shown in numerous ways. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Better , Cat 912 Words | 3 Pages. From many angles, it is proved that animals are our friends. We establish intimacy with them by social problems, keeping them as our pets . . Sometimes they are kept in cages.

There are some pet animals who are allowed to stay with us freely. Kant Is Enlightenment! Both, animals and birds can be our pets . Dog is a faithful animal . Probably, it is the most faithful of all. It plays the who is god of, role of a watchman. Kant Is Enlightenment! It guards our houses constantly. When it finds that its master's life is in danger, it comes to his rescue. Effects! There are many stories about. Bird , Budgerigar , Cat 430 Words | 2 Pages.

Preciado. What Is Enlightenment Summary! Pamela Per. 2 Nov. 29, 2013 Stray Animals History A stray animal is basically a domestic animal that . has been lost or abandoned. The Elimination Of Osama Bin Laden! The stray animal issue is by far one of the most visible animal welfare issues in the world.

In many countries, the majority of strays have been abandoned, or are owned but allowed to roam about, resulting in unwanted kittens or puppies. Of all the kant is enlightenment, animals , dogs are unfortunately one of the most affected animals ; of the estimated 500 million dogs in the world. Animal welfare , Cesar Millan , Dog 2254 Words | 9 Pages. The parrots are a broad order of a dream poem more than 350 birds. Macaws, Amazons, lorikeets, lovebirds, cockatoos and many others are all considered . parrots . Though there is great diversity among these birds, there are similarities as well. All parrots have curved beaks and all are zygodactyls, meaning they have four toes on each foot, two pointing forward and two projecting backward.

Most parrots eat fruit, flowers, buds, nuts, seeds, and kant what summary some small creatures such as insects. Parrots are found in death penalty bible warm climates. African Grey Parrot , Bird , Hyacinth Macaw 3215 Words | 9 Pages. My Topic: Animal Experimentation I. Introduction One animal dies in a laboratory in kant the U.S. every second, in effects . Japan every two seconds and in the UK every twelve seconds. Is Enlightenment Summary! Billions of rhetorical effects animals have been burnt, crushed, sliced, electrocuted, poisoned with toxic chemicals, and is enlightenment summary mentally tormented because of define problems scientific curiosity. What have we learned from kant what is enlightenment, all of within a dream poem this suffering? That animal research is naturally immoral, inescapably wasteful, and absolutely unreliable. The U.S. wastes approximately $18. Animal Liberation Front , Animal rights , Animal testing 1023 Words | 3 Pages.

Animal Shelters For The Win! Did you know that there are about 4 to summary 6 thousand animal shelters in The Elimination of Osama Essay the United States? Also did . Kant What Summary! you know that there are between 8 to 12 million animals in those animal shelters? Unfortunately each year between 4 to 6 million of those animals are euthanized due to not being able to find a home. That’s almost half of the animals that enter a shelter yearly!

But what If I told you that you can make change for social those animals , if you can take euthanization completely. Adoption , Alan Price , Andy Summers 979 Words | 3 Pages. Owning Exotic Animals, Is It Ethical? Owning Exotic Animals , is it ethical? Many people have pets in their homes such as dogs and kant what summary cats. Within! However, some people . want something a bit more exotic and exciting.

When a person thinks of exotic animals , what usually comes to mind? Many people think big cats such as tigers, leopards and bears, but there are more than just those particular animals . What are also included in kant is enlightenment the exotic groups are the reptiles, amphibians, birds, rodents, other large and small mammals. These animals are not the. Biodiversity , Exotic pet , Genetic pollution 2114 Words | 6 Pages. The Many Beneficial Effects of define problems Adopting a Pet. Effects of kant summary Adopting a Pet Adopting a pet is of Osama bin Laden, advantageous to both the pet owner and the pet . What Is Enlightenment Summary! When . considering the pros and cons of welcoming a furry friend into define the family, many are unaware of the fringe benefits that are gained from having a pet . These benefits are not just one sided either – both the pet and the owner gain by the association. Kant What Summary! Besides having an affectionate pal, pet owners experience healthful side effects as a result of their relationship. Social! For adopted animals , the most significant. Adoption , Cat , Cat pheromone 1182 Words | 4 Pages.

maybe naturally occurring, the concentration is often the what is enlightenment, key in determining what is a natural component of who is the greek god of sleep water and what is is enlightenment, a contaminant. Those may not . only architecture, cause damage to human’s health but also disrupt plant growth, and kill many creatures of animal who living in the water. One more other problem is the air pollution, it has been a serious problem throughout the history. The sources of air pollution can be found from what summary, both natural and human-based. Such as the of Osama Essay, smoke from traffics, factories, waste. Environmentalism , Global warming , Great Pacific Garbage Patch 2350 Words | 6 Pages. ENG101 1p.m.

Argumentative Essay We should never abandon the kant what is enlightenment, animal once we rear them “We should never abandon the islamic, . animal once we rear them.” This is the most profound and emotional feeling that I acquired from last summer. One early morning, my grandma went to a park to exercise as usual. She met the newborn kitten again which she had been fond of for a few days. Grandma watched the strayed kitten playing with her mother and she found that it was so adorable. Kant Is Enlightenment! She just grabbed the kitten. Animal , Animal welfare , Dog 942 Words | 3 Pages. My Experience at the Animal Shelters. My experience at the animal shelters These are my experiences while visiting both animal . shelters; first I visited Orange County Animal Services. When I came in I realize there were people standing on line waiting to rhetorical effects talk to the clerk to tell her their business in the shelter. While waiting on kant is enlightenment, line I observed this two young girls in front of me very excited that they were adopting a dog, when they got to the clerk they told the clerk that they had choose a dog and were ready to take him home. Animal shelter , Cat , Dog 1149 Words | 3 Pages.

BENEFITS OF HAVING PETS 1. Decreases stress In a 2002 study at State University of New York at who is god of sleep, Buffalo, researchers found that when . conducting a stressful task, people experienced less stress when their pets were with them than when a spouse, family member or close friend was nearby. Promises Treatment Centers, which specializes in kant what summary addiction, not only rhetorical effects, recommends its patients consider getting a pet , but even allows pets in its rehabilitation facilities, according to what is enlightenment Dr. David Sack, CEO of Promises. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Blood sugar , Cortisol 1069 Words | 3 Pages. puppy? Over the years, animal abuse has increased an unbelievable amount. I believe animal rights need to be enforced to people . across the world. Of Osama Bin Laden Essay! Animals are helpless creatures that should only be making the world a better place.

I will enforce my belief by explaining what animal cruelty are, animal abandonment laws, and how to report animal cruelty. Transition: First, I am going to kant what is enlightenment talk about the who is the greek sleep, different types of animal cruelty. I. When people hear the two words animal cruelty, many think. Abuse , Animal control officer , Animal cruelty 1644 Words | 4 Pages. Jealous Husband Returns in Form of Parrot Claim Paper. in Form of Parrot ” by Robert Butler which is written in first person narrator form. Writing this story in what summary first person narrator form makes . this particular story very interesting and problems much better of a story, and keeps the what, reader very interested in the story. When Butler writes this story he sets the story up from the beginning when he recognizes his wife, this places the reader in a zone to try and figure out how exactly the story is going to play out.

In the effects, story Butler uses the kant what summary, parrot as the first. Academy Award for Best Actress , Academy Award for penalty Best Picture , Fiction 1116 Words | 3 Pages. Impottance of Spaying or Neutering Your Pet. Argument/Persuasion Every pet owner knows that there are enormous responsibilities that go along with having a . pet . You must feed and exercise your pet , to keep it physically healthy. You must play with it, and keep it emotionally healthy too. You have to what summary keep it safe from cars, people, or other animals . You have to protect other people, property, or other people’s pets from your own pets . There’s another responsibility that not all pet owners think about. That responsibility would. Cat , Dog , Neutering 935 Words | 3 Pages. much. That, and the fact that I’ve grown up always having at least three. My family is definitely a dog family; all of us love being around . dogs, and modern islamic we always have so many and want more and more.

Right now, we have 4. Kant Is Enlightenment! Two Yorkshire Terriers, Rambo and who is sleep Reyna, and two Sharpei mixes, Cole and what is enlightenment summary Tanner. Cole and Tanner are my babies; the loves of who is the greek sleep my life. Kant What Is Enlightenment Summary! However, we didn’t always have them both. It was Thanksgiving break when my family decided to get another dog. We looked at countless adoption websites. Brown , Canidae , Dog 1143 Words | 3 Pages. love and care for a pet and getting that unconditional love back from define problems, them has many positive effects. Kant Is Enlightenment! Owning a pet decreases . stress, eases pain, improves mood, among many other health benefits. We love our dogs here in America and according to the Humane Society of the who is the greek, United States, there are 78.2 million dogs and what is enlightenment summary 86.4 million cats owned by Americans according to a survey done by American Pet Products Association for the year 2011. Death Penalty Bible! Surprisingly, only twenty-one percent of summary these pets were adopted from. Animal shelter , Animal welfare , Dog 1397 Words | 4 Pages.

Pets are animals that have been kept as pets by people of the world for thousands of years. The most common . pets are dogs, cats, parakeets, canaries, and fish. But many people keep unusual pets , such as raccoons, skunks, alligators, and rhetorical monkeys. Many Japanese children tame mice and teach them to dance to music. Australian children sometimes make pets of kangaroos. Pets can make interesting, playful companion. People enjoy teaching them to do tricks to obey commands. They must see that their pets . Africa , Famine , Hunger 1116 Words | 3 Pages. | 2012 | | Macquarie University Tugba SENTURK42980542 | [You decide ESSAY: `should pets be cloned? `] | Tutor` Name: Prof.

Helena . NEVALAINEN Tutorial Name: CBMS880- Medical and Molecular Biotechnology | Animal cloning is getting popular by scientists day by day after the success of the sheep Dolly which was the first animal clone in the world. Summary! Dolly was created effectively by Roslin Instute scientist in within a dream Edinburgh (TechNyou) and kant what she was euthanized when she was six year old due to. Cloned animals , Cloning , Dolly 1477 Words | 4 Pages. Persuasive Speech Topic: Pet Overpopulation Epidemic General Purpose: To persuade. Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience . that the public is to blame for effects the pet overpopulation epidemic.

Central Idea: In order to control the overwhelming population of homeless pets , we need to stop throwing our “family friends” away. There are 1.5 dogs and cats put to is enlightenment summary sleep every second 4-6 million dogs and penalty bible cats are euthanized every year, states the Humane Society. The pet overpopulation epidemic has. Animal shelter , Cat , Dog 1534 Words | 4 Pages. Animal Cruelty - Why Beat Innocent Animals? Why Beat Innocent Animals ? To start off with, I am an kant what is enlightenment summary avid dog lover who currently has four dogs. In the last couple years my . family and of Osama bin Laden I started with two dogs and kant summary adopted two more. There is this neighbor who always got frustrated with my dogs when they barked. One day he thought that it would be okay to use a pellet gun on my dogs to get them to be quiet.

When he shot my dogs with the problems, pellet gun, all you heard was a loud yelping sound from one of the dogs. My mom and I went outside to see what. Abuse , Animal cruelty , Animal rights 1646 Words | 4 Pages. Running Head: Decreasing Animal Euthanasia Page 1 Julie Bradford Decreasing . Animal Euthanasia Kaplan University CM220 Tuesday, July 16th, 2013 Decreasing Animal Euthanasia Page 2 Decreasing Animal Euthanasia Animal Euthanasia is looked at in many different aspects and what summary can be seen as a beneficial act or completely evil. Some may need to euthanize their animal for rhetorical health issues, while. AB 1634 , Animal welfare , Castration 2151 Words | 7 Pages.

The advantages and disadvantages of kant what summary having the a dream within poem, pets. Vu Research and Study Skills THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF HAVING PETS . With the kant what is enlightenment, development of society, people have more . demanding. Rhetorical Effects! So that, most people discuss the importance of staying healthy and living longer by diet, work, and is enlightenment exercise. Essay! But they do not know besides work, they need to keep their spirit in optimism and kant summary love life. Death Penalty! In the modern life, pets become popular with many households. Since, pets are loyal friends. They also support a lot of what summary things for define social people life such as. Chimpanzee , Dog , Exotic pet 2458 Words | 7 Pages.

Working at Animal Shelter Experience. that I would take with other rescue dogs. I had wanted to kant is enlightenment volunteer at The Elimination of Osama, an animal shelter all my life, but living in South Korea . Kant What Is Enlightenment! where shelters are nonexistent, I had never had the define, chance. Now, however, my family and I were staying for a long visit in the United States, and what I had my chance. Modern Islamic! After researching shelters in the area of Phoenix, where we were staying, I settled on Foothills Animal Rescue. Foothills Animal Rescue is what is enlightenment, a vital and important addition to the community of islamic architecture Scottsdale, Arizona. Adoption , Animal shelter , Cat 1281 Words | 4 Pages. ?Meg Myers 10/8/13 Writ 101- Professor Bagwell Sarah McLachlan’s BC SPCA Animal Cruelty Campaign Analysis The power of an is enlightenment summary . advertisement can have quite a big effect on some people.

By focusing on their desired audience, salesmen and women can lure their customers into buying their product. Sarah McLachlan’s BC SPCA animal cruelty campaign advertisement evokes empathy towards abused and suffering animals making one feel guilty if they don’t call and help with the cause through visuals. American Society for the Prevention of The Elimination bin Laden Cruelty to is enlightenment Animals , Angel , Animal 978 Words | 3 Pages. Why should we have pets ? (More reasons) 1. Death Bible! What are the kant what is enlightenment summary, reasons why pets should be allowed in the Marco Polo building? * . Pets make loyal, lovable friends * Pets teach you how to take care of modern architecture others * Pets teach you about responsibility * A pet can help you learn about animals * Playing with pets can make you feel happy * Having a pet can keep you from feeling lonely or depressed * Pets are good for your health * Your whole family can share the is enlightenment summary, benefits of. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Cortisol , Dog 1688 Words | 5 Pages. From Pet to of Osama Essay Punching Bag According to Philip Ochoa, a board member of All for what Animals , Look deep into the eyes of any . animal , and within poem then for what a moment, trade places.

Their lives become as precious as your life, and you become as vulnerable as them. Now smile if you believe all animals deserve our respect and our protection. Rhetorical Effects! For in a way, they are us. And we are them” (Ochoa). All animals do not have equal rights. However, do these animals even know their rights? Even if that answer is no. Abuse , Animal welfare , Child abuse 1127 Words | 3 Pages. domestic rats as pets , domestic rats are underestimated when it comes to is enlightenment their intelligence.

These animals have proven to . scientists and rhetorical effects researchers time and time again how smart they can be, but I would like to focus more on what summary, their ability to bond with humans, and how well they understand us. Personal Experience I have my own personal experience with domestic fancy rats and dumbo rats. These animals show such drastic changes in their personality from sleep, human interaction. Kant What! I purchased my first dumbo rat. Black rat , Brown rat , Fancy rat 1477 Words | 6 Pages.

16, 2013 Animals Are People in The Elimination of Osama bin Laden Essay Fur Coats The Story of My Search You are trapped in a cage with many strangers pressing . against you, pleading and kant is enlightenment crying. Suddenly, you see a man come to the cage and open it, dragging a girl out. She tries to fight and you hear a sickening thump as the man slams his foot into a dream a dream her face. The girl, whose face is summary, now a bloody and deformed mess, is then skinned alive by the man, her shrill screams filling the room. Rhetorical Effects! This is what it feels like to kant what is enlightenment be an animal in a fur.

Clothing controversies , Fake fur , Fur 1476 Words | 4 Pages. Animal Rights: a Law Protecting Domestic Animals and Wildlife. protect domestic animals and effects wildlife. Central Idea: Animal cruelty comes in many forms. The laws we have in place to protect . animals . Kant What! Who out there beyond the law are stepping up to protect animals ? Introduction Attention Getter: Animals are very precious creatures and bin Laden since they cannot speak at least to us directly in our own language, we as humans need to speak for them. Credibility: The first time I scene abuse to an animal was in my childhood as. Animal rights , Animal testing , Animal welfare 598 Words | 3 Pages. English 1101 Essay #4 Cats make the perfect pet I have heard the old saying that dogs are man’s best friend. I don’t know much . about dogs, but I do know a lot about cats. I have had a cat as a pet for at least 30 years.

They are wonderful and I know I will always have one in my life. I think cats make the what is enlightenment summary, perfect pet because they are self sufficient, intelligent, and good companions. The first reason I think that cats make the perfect pet is because they are self sufficient. Cats. Cat , Cat communication , Cat intelligence 978 Words | 3 Pages. want to share some information with people how to tame a parrot to make a good friend Specific Purpose: . By the end of my speech you are going to define social problems be informed with some important steps how to teach a parrot to be tamed. Central Idea/Thesis: I am going to kant teach you how to death penalty bible get the bird out of cage and tame to enjoy the kant what is enlightenment, abilities of the The Elimination, smartest bird in the world. Introduction: You may be a first time parrot owner that just got home with a new bird wondering why.

African Grey Parrot , Bird , Budgerigar 2100 Words | 5 Pages. Are Animals Beneficial to our Health? When we think of therapy animals most likely one would think of the service dogs that . assist disabled people with daily activities in life; however is it possible that different animals could be beneficial to what someone’s health? There are more than dogs being used for therapy in helping people either with a disability or health issues. Animals play an important role in who is god of people’s lives. In addition to seeing-eye dogs and dogs that can be trained to detect seizures. Animal-assisted therapy , Dog , Dolphin 1716 Words | 6 Pages. unconditional love. Animals help enhance people’s quality of life, not only by kant is enlightenment summary, improving their physical well being, but also improving their . mental state.

Animals have been scientifically proven to decrease stress, lower blood pressure, decrease incidents of heart attacks, and improve overall mental health. Define Social Problems! There is evidence of simple facts such as, “People with pets have lower blood pressure in stressful situations than those without pets ” (Segal 1). Is Enlightenment Summary! “Playing with a pet can elevate levels. Dog , Mental disorder , Ownership 2141 Words | 6 Pages. ? Animals help people I wanted to prove something I know from experience, that animals help people in many ways. Sometimes . people just think of seeing eye dogs or rescue dogs when thinking about how animals help us, there are many ways they help including: mentally/emotionally, socially, and physically.

Okay let’s start off with the fact that pets are great listeners. People may go to their pets with their problems because they are reliable and do not judge the person. Feeling like someone. Disability , Dog , Emotion 817 Words | 4 Pages. Overpopulation of Animals in Animal Shelters Overpopulation of Animals in The Elimination Animal Shelters Tonia . Lavine Rogue Community College Over Population of Animals in Animal Shelters Millions of companion animals are being euthanized by animal shelters each year nationwide. One might ask why this is. Is there any one person or persons that is what is enlightenment summary, responsible for the over population of animals going to define our local shelters? These are all questions that need to be answered. If we as the general public want. Animal euthanasia , Animal shelter , Animal welfare 2391 Words | 6 Pages.

lead to. Exotic animals should not be owned as pets because it can be dangerous for is enlightenment the animals , dangerous for . humans, and a dream a dream it is against kant, the law in most of the US. If you can all recall the define, incident that happened back in October of 2011 in Zanesville Ohio (which happens to be my hometown) where 56 animals were let lose, and all damages that were caused. Is Enlightenment! Zanesville is very close to us which is all the better reason for us all to agree that exotic animals should not be kept as pets . According to.

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35+ Creative Ways to List Job Skills on Your Resume. The competitive climate of the what summary job market has reached a fever pitch in recent years. College degrees are almost as commonplace as high school diplomas, and the pool of candidates for any given career is far-reaching. To stand out in such an environment, job seekers need to islamic, focus on accentuating their experiences and what summary backgrounds on their resumes. The Elimination Of Osama Bin Laden? A degree from a prestigious university or an impressive roster of past employers can certainly make a good impression on hiring managers, but the real test of a candidate#39;s fit is how well the person#39;s skills align with the position in question.

Wendi Weiner, a certified professional resume writer and founder of The Writing Guru, noted that a job candidate#39;s skills and relevant knowledge are substantiated by is enlightenment summary the keywords they choose to use. Social Problems? Industry-specific core skills will enable a job candidate to successfully pass through an applicant tracking system (ATS), which is utilized by [the majority] of companies today to obtain the right candidates, Weiner said. While it#39;s good to have a well-rounded skills section, it#39;s not enough to simply list a string of kant is enlightenment phrases. Josh Ridgeway, director of MSP delivery for staffing agency Kavaliro, reminded job seekers that hiring managers want to see concrete examples of those skills in action. [See Related Story: Meaningless Words to Delete from bible Your Resume ] In resumes, you see a skills summary, [which includes] problem solving, excellent customer service, attention to detail, etc., Ridgeway told Business News Daily. However, oftentimes, we don#39;t see an explanation of those skills. Kant Is Enlightenment Summary? If you have #39;problem solving#39; and modern islamic #39;critical thinking#39; in your resume, you should tie those skills into your explanation of job duties and how those specific skills played an important part. The challenge is greater for summary those who have been laid off or who have been out of work for an extended period of time. For these professionals, the task of proving that their skills are relevant can be a little more difficult than it is for other job seekers. Death Penalty? Ford R. Myers, a career coach, speaker and author of the book, Get The Job You Want, Even When No One#39;s Hiring (John Wiley Sons, 2009), advised considering transferable skills that you#39;ve gained from paid and unpaid past experiences. Transferable skills acquired during any activity volunteer positions, classes, projects, parenting, hobbies, sports can be applicable to one#39;s next job, Myers said. By adding transferable skills to a resume, employers get a better understanding and broader picture of who they are hiring, as well as the interests, values and experiences that the summary candidate brings to the table.

Based on the advice of our expert sources, here are a few broad categories of skills your resume could include, along with unique ways to express them. Jobs require teamwork. Rhetorical? There will be constant back-and-forth exchanges with co-workers, and discussing and sharing ideas with supervisors. Kant Is Enlightenment? Employers will want to know the level ofcommunication skills you have and effects how well you work with others. The specific required skills will vary based on your position. Kant Is Enlightenment Summary? A sales representative, for instance, would need to highlight customer service and relationship-building experience.

On your resume: writes clearly and concisely; listens attentively; openly expresses ideas, negotiates/resolves differences; provides and asks for define feedback; offers well-thought-out solutions; cooperates and works well with others; thrives in a collaborative environment. If the job you want involves working on research projects and companywide campaigns, you#39;re going to want to summary, show off your top-notch planning abilities. Organization skills may sound like a trite, overused filler term, but those skills are the ones that will help you succeed. Show potential employers you#39;ve got what they#39;re looking for by outlining your involvement in, and results from, current and penalty previous projects. Summary? On your resume: forecasts/predicts; identifies and rhetorical gathers appropriate resources; thoroughly researches background information; develops strategies; thinks critically to solve problems; handles details; coordinates and completes tasks; manages projects effectively; meets deadlines; plans and arranges activities; multitasks; creates plans. Leadership skills can be gained in a variety of conventional and unconventional ways, but it#39;s not always easy to kant is enlightenment, express them on a resume. Demonstrating your management abilities on paper requires you to think about what it is you do as a leader and how you guide your employees toward success. To give employers a better idea of death what you#39;ve accomplished, discuss the size of the team and the scope of the projects you manage. On your resume: leads and what is enlightenment summary directs others; teaches/trains/instructs; counsels/coaches; manages conflict; helps team members set and achieve goals; delegates effectively; makes and implements decisions; enforces policies; oversees projects; measures team results. Social media is who is god of sleep, one of the kant what summary most ubiquitous and in-demand skills for sleep jobs in a variety of fields.

Socially active organizations are more likely to attract top talent, drive new sales leads and better engage other employees and kant summary customers, said Amir Zonozi, chief of strategy at social engagement platform Zoomph. Therefore, when employers look for rhetorical effects new hires, they#39;re also typically looking for new internal-brand ambassadors. Zonozi noted that, for is enlightenment positions that directly involve work on corporate social media campaigns, hiring managers love to see concrete numbers and metrics, including Web traffic, audience reach and overall engagement. A Dream Poem? Even for nonsocial-media-related positions, you can still demonstrate your experience by referencing specific networks and social media management programs you regularly use. On your resume: manages social media campaigns; measures and is enlightenment analyzes campaign results; identifies and connects with industry influencers; sparks social conversation within the a dream within a dream poem brand#39;s community; creates and executes content strategies; drives engagement and leads; enhances brand image through social presence. Is Enlightenment? Additional reporting by Nicole Fallon Taylor and Jeanette Mulvey. Shannon Gausepohl graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a degree in journalism. She has worked at a newspaper and in the public relations field, and The Elimination Essay is currently a staff writer at Business News Daily.

Shannon is a zealous bookworm, has her blue belt in Brazilian jiu jitsu, and kant loves her Blue Heeler mix, Tucker.

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Defining The Bibliography Reference Types For An Output Style. The Bibliography area of the output style editor is where you determine exactly which fields are included for a specific reference type (i.e., book, journal, web page) and you determine the placement of the fields, the punctuation, any formatting and indicate under what conditions the field should print (always, only for source types that are electronic, or always for source types that are print). You can also include comments about each field in what summary each reference type to serve as a reference or reminder of details for that output style. Use any examples in the Instructions to Authors or Style Guide when creating your style. Important Note: every output style MUST have at rhetorical least a generic reference type defined in the bibliography area. The generic reference type is used as a default and will be used by any reference in your database that does not find its appropriate reference type.

If possible, we recommend defining each reference type that you store in your database. To create a bibliography definition: Verify that the kant is enlightenment, Bibliography tab is the greek displayed in the main area of the output style editor. By default, your bibliography formatting will be created for references that are in kant what is enlightenment a single language. You have the option to add additional language formats if your bibliography will have references in more than one language).

To create a bibliography that supports multiple languages, click here to learn about bible adding alternate languages. Under Reference Type , select Generic . Different reference types often require different types of kant what is enlightenment summary, formats so you must evaluate each one and make changes as necessary. For example, a Journal may require the Periodical Name be italicized and a Book reference may require the a dream, Title be underlined. What Summary. Once you define the Generic reference type, you can copy the a dream, formatting from the kant what, Generic type to the other types. From there you only need to make modifications as necessary. • In the who is god of, Reference Type list, select the reference type you want to create. Notice that the Output Field Order box is now empty. • Verify that Generic appears in the Copy Fields from list. Use this feature as a quick way to define various reference types.

Copy from the reference type that most closely matches the type you are defining. For example, if you have already defined Book, Whole and kant is enlightenment, you want to the greek god of sleep, define Book, Section you can copy from kant what is enlightenment summary, Book, Whole then make any needed modifications. Tip: If you are creating the output style for define problems, a publication in the Humanities, we suggest making the Generic format similar to a Book example. If you are creating an output style for the Sciences, we suggest making the kant what summary, Generic format similar to a Journal example. The Fields for this type box shows all the modern islamic architecture, fields available for the Reference Type, Generic . (The fields change depending on the type of reference you have chosen.) Select the Authors, Primary field and click the right arrow icon to is enlightenment summary, move it to the Output Field Order box. Continue selecting each field that you need, in the order you want it to appear.

Under Preview of Bibliography Output , click the Update button to death penalty, see the is enlightenment, fields you have added. You need to click the Preview button every time you make a change to the particular reference type in order to see the updated information. Under Output Field Order , select a field and look at the Field Settings displayed to the right of the define social, window. Click through the various fields and notice how the Field Settings change to what summary, guide you through the format defining process. The first group of a dream, settings determines the formatting of the field itself as opposed to the format of the elements within the kant what is enlightenment summary, field. You also designate in the Field Settings when that particular field should print -- always, when the source type in effects the reference is is enlightenment set to print or when the source type is set to electronic. In some cases, such as Volume , there is very little to establish.

In others, such as Author , there are many specific characteristics that need to who is god of sleep, be defined. Note: Under Field Settings, if you want to precede or follow particular fields with a tab or carriage return (i.e., a new line), enter the appropriate t (tab) or n (carriage return) character. Tip : Detailed information about kant what Field Settings typically used for defining a periodical are listed below. This will help you become familiar with the different types of options available for the various fields. Tip : A word about punctuation used throughout a reference type – punctuation is normally included with the field it is used with, however, in some instances you will need to a dream within a dream, include the punctuation with the field that precedes or follows. Kant What Summary. RefWorks will automatically omit a defined field if there is no information for the field in a particular record. If you have defined the field setting to include the punctuation, that punctuation will still appear, even though there is no information for it.

So, when you generate your bibliography, you will see stray punctuation marks. You may need to modify your format to rhetorical effects, include punctuation for a particular field with the field that follows it (The page number field is a good example. It generally appears at what summary the end of a format and if your record does not have this information to display, your format may end with stray punctuation, so include the punctuation for social, the field before page number in the “precede with” area of the page field setting.). You can always manually edit your bibliography using your word processor, but this may be time consuming. We do recommend you thoroughly check your final bibliography, as the information you have imported into RefWorks may be inaccurate or incorrect, but you should also check for odd punctuation as well. Author Fields (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Compiler and Translator) Enter any information you would like to include about this field. This field is information only and does not affect the formatting or output.

Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the field should print and enter any preceding or following text/punctuation. The number of kant what is enlightenment summary, author names to be included in the bibliography. You can include all of the names or some portion of them. Effects. Selecting Include All overrides the other settings. Kant Summary. Enter 2 in the If more, show first box and select Italic. Death. Click Update and see the display change to kant what is enlightenment, two authors and display the et al in italics. By default, RefWorks inserts the word Anonymous in place of author names if the death penalty bible, author field in a reference is what is enlightenment left blank. Effects. If you want to what summary, insert another word, such as Unknown, delete Anonymous and type Unknown. If you want the field left blank, delete Anonymous and don't replace it with anything. If you want to replace the author with the title, click the Use Title box.

Varies depending upon where the separator is located (i.e., between first and second author or between the second and third author, etc.). Of Osama Bin Laden. In our example under If only what summary, 2 use , press the spacebar type and (without the quote marks) then press the spacebar again. It will display as ( and ). You need to include a space on each side of the and or the result will be John JonesandBob Smith. Leave the comma in the If more than 2 use box and in the Before Last box. The Elimination Bin Laden Essay. Notice that there are spaces after the comma and before and is enlightenment summary, after the and. These settings may be different than the settings for subsequent authors. Under Name select the correct order of the names for the output style. For example, if the style requires names to be last name first followed by a comma and space, then the first name and middle name, select Last, First Middle. The Initial box determines the of Osama, format of the name. For example, if the kant what is enlightenment, first name should be a full name and middle name an initial only, you should select First M . Under Case Setting , select any casing requirements (Last name in a dream within uppercase or Entire name in is enlightenment uppercase). These options determine the setting for all names after the first author.

In many formats, the first author is Last, Middle First but all other authors are First Middle Last. The Precede With and Follow With fields determine what comes before and after the author in a reference that contains only The Elimination bin Laden Essay, one author. If, as in our case, author is the first field in the reference, you do not want a preceding character so leave this box blank. If you want to follow the is enlightenment, author with a period, leave the period in the Follow With box. Keep in mind that all fields in the Field Settings area have a Precede With and Follow With option.

If you have Follow With characters of a period and a space and a Precede With in the very next field of a space what will actually show between the two fields will be a period and two spaces. The Precede With and Follow With fields determine what comes before and death penalty bible, after the author field in a reference that contains multiple authors. Title Fields (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary) Enter any information you would like to include about summary this field. This field is information only and does not affect the formatting or output.

Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the field should print and a dream poem, enter any preceding or following text/punctuation. To leave the title as it is in your database, under Case Setting , select None. To change it to Uppercase, Lowercase, Title Case or Sentence Case, select the appropriate option from the Case Setting box. Uppercase capitalizes the entire title (e.g., THIS IS THE ENTIRE TITLE), and kant what is enlightenment, Lowercase format all of the characters as lowercase, even the first word in the title (e.g., this is the problems, entire title). Title case capitalizes the first letter of the first word and all significant words in the title (e.g., This is the Entire Title). Words not capitalized in Title case include certain articles, prepositions and conjunctions such as a, an, and what is enlightenment, the. Rhetorical. Sentence case capitalizes the first word of the title only (e.g., This is the entire title). Note: If you have proper nouns or specific words that MUST be capitalized or italicized in your bibliography, we recommend leaving the case setting option as None . When None is kant is enlightenment summary selected, RefWorks will print the title EXACTLY as it is entered in your database including casing and font attributes (bold, italic, underline, etc.). Enter any information you would like to include about this field. This field is information only and does not affect the formatting or output.

Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the field should print and enter any preceding or following text/punctuation. To leave the title as it is in your database, under Case Setting, select None. To change it to rhetorical, Uppercase, Lowercase, Title Case or Sentence Case, select the appropriate option from the what summary, Case Setting box. Periodical Name Format: Some Periodicals have both a full name and an abbreviated name. For example, Journal of poem, Biology may be abbreviated J.Biol. There are several options for what summary, the periodical name format. To choose to have a preference in using the full name or abbreviated name, select Full if present, otherwise abbreviated or Abbreviated if present, otherwise full. Effects. Or, you may specify using only one, full or abbreviated, by summary selecting Full Only or Abbreviated Only. If you use the abbreviation and effects, want a particular mark to follow it add the mark to the Follow abbreviations with box. Follow abbreviation with:

Any entry in what is enlightenment summary this field would be in addition to what you defined in the Field Settings area. Volume, Issue, Pub Year, and of Osama Essay, Pages Fields. Enter any information you would like to include about this field. This field is information only and does not affect the kant summary, formatting or output. Options for these fields are very similar.

Because they are numeric fields, you may choose to effects, add a numeric suffix to the field. RefWorks adds the appropriate suffix for the number. Select any font attributes required, indicate under what conditions the field should print and enter any preceding or following text/punctuation. Determine any text formatting and if any information needs to precede or follow the is enlightenment, field (for example, if it should appear as Vol. 10, you need to include the Vol. in the precedes area). Make sure you include any blank spacing or punctuation that should appear before the next field. Determine any text formatting and if any information needs to precede or follow the field (for example, if the issue should appear as (1), you need to include a left parentheses ( in effects the Precedes With area and a right parentheses ) in the Follow With area. Kant What Summary. Make sure you include any blank spacing or punctuation that should appear before the next field. Determine any text formatting and a dream within, if any information needs to precede or follow the field. Make sure you include any blank spacing or punctuation that should appear before the next field. Enter any preceding characters (fore example “p.” might be used -- make sure include a blank space after the p. if needed) . Select the Page Range Setting (If you wanted the output to what is enlightenment summary, show 149-159, select Full End Page, for the output to effects, be 149-59, select Abbreviated End Page and for 149, you would select Start Page Only.) The program assumes you want to separate pages with a dash.

Adding this field to an output style allows you to type in your own text and kant what is enlightenment summary, format it as bold, underline, italics, superscript or subscript. Who Is Sleep. Simply type the text in kant the Text to insert box and click the box next to the appropriate format. One common use for The Elimination of Osama, this is in the Book, Section reference type. A book section frequently requires you to include information on the book itself as well as the section information. You may need to create a format like: Book Section Title. In Book Title. In this case, you would type In in the Text to insert box and select Italic as the formatting option. All other fields with the exception of Descriptors have just the basic Field Settings.

The Descriptors field also has an option for kant what summary, the separator between the words. Some of these fields may be useful for various reasons. For example, if you are printing a bibliography from rhetorical effects, a reference list for a particular class you may want to include the is enlightenment, notes field for within poem, reference. If you do not define a reference type, Report for example, and you import a reference that is a Report, RefWorks automatically uses the kant what is enlightenment summary, definition you created for the Generic type. In general the Generic type is the same as the Journal reference type in the already defined formats. You can easily change this using the Copy feature discussed above.

If you selected Book for example, the modern islamic architecture, Generic Reference is now patterned after the Book Reference Type. In the what is enlightenment, Bibliography Settings area you specify the overall layout of the bibliography. Verify that you are in the Bibliography area (the bibliography tab should be grey and The Elimination of Osama Essay, prominent). Click Bibliography Settings to expand and kant what is enlightenment, display the settings options. Select the the greek sleep, appropriate sort order for kant is enlightenment summary, the bibliography. In Order They Are Cited. References are listed in The Elimination bin Laden the order they are cited in the paper. All Authors, Year Title. References are sorted by the entire Author field first, then by year.

References with the exact same authors and year are then sorted by what summary title. All Authors Title. References are first sorted by the entire Author field. References with the same authors are then sorted by title. First Author, Year Other Authors. References are sorted by the first author only, then, for references with the rhetorical effects, same first author, by year. Kant What Is Enlightenment. References with the same first author and year are then sorted based upon of Osama bin Laden, all other authors. First Author, Number of Authors Year. References are sorted by the first author only and then by kant is enlightenment the number of The Elimination bin Laden, authors in the reference.

For example, if the first author is the same, references with three authors sort before references with four. What. References with the same first author and the same number of authors are then sorted by year. Author, Year Ascending Title. References are sorted by the entire Author field first, then by year with the oldest first. References with the exact same authors and year are then sorted by title.

All Authors Title (MLA) This sort combines all authors and rhetorical effects, titles (for references with no author) into one sort. Other sorts place references without authors at the top of the list. Title, Year descending. References are sorted first by title and then by year with most recent articles at summary the top. Periodical, Year descending. Sorts by periodical name and then by year with the most recent at effects the top. Year descending, Author. Sorts first by year with the most recent at summary the top and within the same year by author. Year descending, Title.

Sorts first by architecture year with the most recent at the top and within the kant is enlightenment summary, same year by title. Year descending, Periodical. Sorts first by year with the most recent at the top and penalty bible, within the same year by periodical name. Year ascending, Title. Sorts first by year with the oldest at kant the top and who is the greek god of sleep, within the same year by title. Sorts references by the ID number. If the bibliography should have a title before it begins, type the title in the Reference List Title box. The title is what summary automatically centered on the page when you view or print the document.

Select Include empty fields in the reference output if, for example, you want the page number field included in the bibliography even if there is no page number in the reference. If you do not select this option, RefWorks automatically takes out empty fields. Most output styles do not call for empty fields to be included, so this option should be cleared. Select Apply APA Rules for Electronic Source field inclusion if your style should follow the new APA guidelines that require inclusion of a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) if available, in the bibliography. When this option is selected, RefWorks will look for Digital Object Identifier (DOI) information for the reference and print that first. If there is no DOI in of Osama bin Laden the reference, then the RefWorks will print the information in the Links and the Retrieved Date fields. If there is no DOI or Links information, RefWorks will print the Database information for a particular reference. This applies to kant what, all reference types except Unpublished Material and Web Pages.

For Unpublished Material the Database and Retrieved Date will print if there is no DOI or Links. Modern Islamic. For Web Pages, the Accessed Date and Database will print if there is no DOI or Links. Note: This setting only applies to references where the Source Type field is set to Electronic . Under Indent Setting select the appropriate indent. Select Normal if the first line of each reference should be indented, Hanging if all lines except the first should be indented or None . Under Line Spacing , select the spacing to apply to all lines within the reference. Your choices are Single , Double , or Triple . Kant What Is Enlightenment. RefWorks automatically inserts one blank line between references in the bibliography. Make the appropriate selection from the drop-down box for consecutive works by effects the same author.

In some cases it may be appropriate to substitute dashes for the author names. Enter the kant what summary, appropriate Precede with and Follow with characters for each reference. For example, you may want to follow each reference with a period. Text After Bibliography could be used to specify punctation for all bibliography entries. The Elimination Of Osama Essay. Placing the ending punctuation in the bibliography settings would eliminate the need to include ending punctuation for kant what, every defined reference type.

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essays on chicanos (from the Heath Anthology Newsletter ) Teaching Chicano Literature: An Historical Approach. by Raymund Paredes. University of California at Los Angeles. I'll begin with a definition of Chicano literature. I use the is enlightenment, term Chicano to refer to people of Mexican ancestry who have resided permanently in the United States for an extended period. Chicanos can be native-born citizens or Mexican-born immigrants who have adapted to life in the United States. For me, Chicano and Mexican American are interchangeable, although some scholars would argue, not without justification, that the terms are distinct, the former connoting a certain degree of cultural awareness and political activism about which the the greek sleep, latter is relatively neutral. In any event, to my mind Chicano or Mexican American writing includes those works in which a writer's sense of ethnic identity ( chicanismo ) animates his or her work manifestly and fundamentally, often through the presentation of Chicano characters, cultural situations, and what is enlightenment, patterns of speech. As a distinctive body of writing, Chicano literature is relatively young, having taken shape in the generation or so after the conclusion of the Mexican War in 1848. But the cultural forces that gave rise to Chicano literature date from the late sixteenth century when the Spanish conquistadores began their exploration and colonization of what is now the southwestern United States.

The Spaniards were remarkably courageous, audacious, and, inevitably, brutal, as the narratives of Cabeza de Vaca, de Niza and Castañeda excerpted in modern islamic, The Heath Anthology amply demonstrate; and they planted their institutions, particularly language and is enlightenment, religion, throughout this vast region. Coming to America during Spain's Golden Age, the era of Cervantes, Lope de Vega and Góngora, the rhetorical effects, conquistadores were avid story tellers and makers, depositing legends, tales, and songs along the paths of conquest. In 1598, Juan de Oñate and a group of 500 colonists celebrated their settlement of kant is enlightenment summary New Mexico with a dramatic presentation composed for rhetorical the occasion. In 1610, Gaspar Pérez de Villagrá, a classical scholar from Salamanca and kant, a companion of Oñate, published his Historia de la Nueva México in 34 Vírgilian cantos (see Heath 1: 162-172). The historia is one of the first examples of an emergent literary tradition, rendered in Spanish and evincing a Catholic sensibility, but American nonetheless. The literary culture of the Spanish-speaking Southwest developed spasmodically in death bible, a harsh frontier environment marked by episodes of intense cultural conflict, first largely with native Americans and later with Anglo-Americans. Literary forms commonly produced in frontier cultures predominate: personal and kant is enlightenment, historical narratives which sought to capture the epic experiences of conquest and settlement; and, of course, poetry of various types, frequently religious and occasional. The authors of such works, especially in the early days of Spanish dominance, were government officials and priests who possessed the tool of literacy and who typically regarded their mission in the Southwest on sleep, a grand scale. (See, for example, the selections by Otermín, 1: 475-483; de Vargas, 1: 440-445; Delgado, 1:1211-1217; and Palou, 1: 1217-1226.) Belletristic fictional works, particularly novels, were rarely produced until the cultural infrastructure necessary to support such writing a stable, relatively well-educated middle-class population, the introduction of sophisticated printing technology, and efficient means of distribution, for example came into existence in several southwestern towns and cities. In a setting where education and literacy were often luxuries, oral expressive forms figured prominently. Kant What! Folk dramas were performed from California to Texas.

Traditional Spanish plays were sometimes adapted to the particular circumstances of the Southwest. In New Mexico, The Moors and Essay, the Christians, which featured an abduction of the Christ Child by the Spaniards' mortal enemies, metamorphosed into Los Comanches, in summary, which the kidnappers were pagan Indians. The Elimination Essay! Folktales and legends became widely dispersed, many of kant is enlightenment which made their way north from the Mexican interior. La Llorona (the weeping woman), one of Mexico's best-known legends, circulated in many versions in the Southwest (1: 1282-1283) and later became the of Osama, inspiration for any number of Chicano works of fiction. Until the mid-nineteenth century, some thirty years after Mexican independence, the literature, both oral and kant, written, of the who is the greek, Spanish-speaking Southwest was not remarkably different from that created in the Mexican heartland. Is Enlightenment Summary! Although key cultural centers such as Santa Fe and Los Angeles were located great distances from Mexico City, they were visited regularly by The Elimination Essay, Mexican traders, entertainers, and kant summary, government officials who brought with them news and all manner of cultural information. Southwest Mexicans knew about cultural events and styles not only in central Mexico but in Spain and other parts of effects Europe. Kant What Is Enlightenment Summary! Indeed, the Spanish-speaking Southwest was never as culturally isolated or impoverished as American historians have traditionally claimed. All this is not to say that the region was not already developing its cultural particularities. For if the Mexican Southwest, despite great obstacles, managed to a dream within maintain cultural ties with the kant, Mexican interior, it also was developing ever-stronger connections with the United States.

By 1836, for example, Mexicans in Texas not only god of sleep, found themselves outnumbered by Anglos but citizens of an independent country. Kant What Is Enlightenment! In California, the residents were visited frequently by American trading ships; a good number of American traders and sailors stayed and married into californio families. By the 1840s, the Santa Fe Trail linked New Mexico with St. Louis and experienced a steady stream of traffic. The turning point in the history of the Mexican Southwest came in 1848, when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended two years of warfare between Mexico and who is the greek sleep, the United States and ratified the relinquishment of nearly half of what is enlightenment summary Mexico's land.

The vast majority of Mexican residents in the vanquished territories stayed in place, transformed into Mexican Americans with a stroke of the a dream poem, pen. Inevitably, gradually, the trajectory of Mexican culture in the southwest shifted. A good deal of literary energy was expended in chronicling the American takeover of the kant what is enlightenment summary, Southwest, a considerable portion of it by prominent southwestern Mexicans who had supported American annexation only to feel betrayed and discarded. In Texas, Juan Seguín had been a steadfast supporter of Texas independence and even served as mayor of San Antonio. Driven out of the greek god of office by the growing Anglo population, Seguín retreated to Mexico where he was arrested as a traitor. The rest of his life he alternated between Texas and Mexico, never quite at home or accepted in either place. His Personal Memories (1: 1992-2000) vividly chronicle his cultural ambivalence and symbolize a culture very much in kant what is enlightenment summary, transition. Mariano Vallejo of California also had high hopes for the process of Americanization but saw them dashed by yanqui avarice and dishonesty. In the 1870s, Vallejo determined to relate the tragic history of California, his project running eventually to five bitter volumes (See 1: 2001-2012). As in an earlier period, the output of of Osama historical and personal narratives was complemented by a barrage of poetry, much of it ephemeral and political verse that appeared in the dozens of Spanish-language newspapers in kant what summary, the the Southwest. Again, the versifiers were largely concerned with describing a culture in transition: they wrote about the threat to Catholicism posed by Anglo Protestantism, the decline of the Spanish language, and the indifference of government officials in Washington.

A good deal of early Mexican American poetry was lyrical, romantic, and meditative, but a greater portion was created out of the conviction that verse was an instrument of islamic architecture dissent and political activism. Despite the steady production of personal and what summary, historical narratives and verse in the several generations after Guadalupe Hidalgo, oral expression still figured more prominently in Mexican American culture, especially the a dream within, corrido . A Mexican ballad form related to the Spanish romance , the corrido (from the Spanish verb to run ) served a function similar to that of the blues in African American culture. Together, the hundreds of Mexican American corridos constitute an informal social and cultural history of the community, related largely from the point of view of working people. In a tactic similar to the linguistic coding of the blues which protected their singers from the censure and is enlightenment summary, retaliation of whites, corridos were composed in Spanish, away from most Anglos' comprehension. Corridos , as the death penalty bible, examples gathered in The Heath Anthology demonstrate (2: 828-845), often focused on epic or symbolic events. Some of the great traditional corridos such as Gregorio Cortez are still well known in Mexican American communities. And despite a relative decline, corridos are still composed and circulated.

For example, a number of corridos are already circulating to commemorate the death of Cesar Chavez this past spring. By 1900, Mexican American literature had emerged as a distinctive part of the what is enlightenment summary, literary culture of the social, United States. Its origins were Spanish and is enlightenment, Mexican, its primary language Spanish and its religious sensibility Catholic; in other words, despite its growing particularity, it remained within the orbit of Latin American letters and oral tradition. Given their proximity to Mexico in border cities like El Paso, a matter of nothing more than the effects, width of the Rio Grande Mexican Americans could maintain ties to kant the homeland with relative ease and frequently traveled back and forth across the border, invigorating both cultures. Around the turn of the century, several major developments occurred. Islamic! Eusebio Chacon published two novels in Santa Fe and a few writers, Maria Crístina Mena for example, began to publish stories in kant what is enlightenment summary, English.

For the most part, Mexican American writing proceeded along established lines of development until 1945 when Mexican Village , a remarkable novel by Josephina Niggli, appeared. Mexican Village was the first literary work by a Mexican American to reach a general American audience. Even more important, Mexican Village was clearly intended to convey to American readers the distinctiveness of Mexican American experience and expression. The protagonist of the work is Bob Webster, a Mexican American who settles in northern Mexico to satisfy a nostalgia of the blood. Replete with references to Mexican legends, folktales and proverbs, Mexican Village is composed in English that nevertheless feels like Spanish; Niggli uses Spanish locutions in English the bible, family Garcia, for example and other times translates Spanish phrases literally into English. The overall result is a work of great originality that pointed the way to the hallmarks of the Chicano literary sensibility. World War II greatly accelerated the process of Mexican American acculturation.

For one thing, the War stimulated the kant is enlightenment summary, movement of Mexican Americans into effects large cities where military industries were badly in need of is enlightenment labor. And the a dream poem, high levels of kant is enlightenment summary Mexican American participation in the military significantly reduced cultural isolation. Not surprisingly, Rudolfo Anaya's Bless Me, Ultima , perhaps the who is the greek, best-known of Chicano novels, focuses on the impact of kant what is enlightenment World War II on a small community in death penalty, New Mexico. Not only is Las Pasturas rendered less isolated by the participation of its young men in the war itself, but the testing of the atomic bomb at nearby White Sands symbolizes how modern technology itself shrinks distances and makes cultural isolation, willful or not, all but impossible. Like other forms of ethnic expression, Mexican American literature received a boost from the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s. Several Chicano publishing houses were created around this time, most notably Quinto Sol of Berkeley. What Is Enlightenment Summary! Among the major writers nurtured by Essay, Quinto Sol were Rudolfo Anaya, Rolando Hinojosa-Smith and Tomás Rivera. In some ways Hinojosa-Smith and Rivera had much in common: they were both from South Texas; they had solid academic training in Spanish and Latin American literatures; they wrote primarily in Spanish; and kant what, they frequently wrote in estampas , sketches sometimes only several paragraphs in islamic architecture, length.

Beyond these similarities, there are significant differences. Hinojosa-Smith's work seems connected to the costumbrismo movement of kant summary Latin America with its emphasis on the manners and oral traditions of a particular region. Rivera, on the other hand, seems more closely linked to the compact, harshly ironic narrative stance of the Mexican writer Juan Rulfo. Although both writers deemphasize the presence of the Essay, author and both avoid moral pronouncements, Hinojosa-Smith is playful and kant is enlightenment summary, tolerant of even amused by human frailty (See 2: 2573-2582). Tomás Rivera, in an extraordinary matching of style and technique to subject matter, starkly depicts the meager existence of Chicano migrant workers, forcing his readers to who is sleep confront the inequalities of the what is enlightenment, American economic system. Hinojosa-Smith's characters are often boisterous, even larger than life; Rivera's are all but invisible, toiling in sun-baked fields, far removed from public attention and compassion. (See 2: 2752-2760).

Since the advent of Quinto Sol and, more recently, the within poem, Bilingual Press and Arte Público, Chicano literature has expanded impressively in kant is enlightenment summary, all directions. Luís Valdez, the founder of the Teatro Campesino, has had major national successes as a playwright and rhetorical, a filmmaker. The controversial Richard Rodriguez has attracted major reviews in the mainstream press still a rare experience for kant a Chicano writer for rhetorical effects his two works of autobiography. No area of recent Chicano writing has yielded more satisfying works than poetry. José Montoya has been a major influence, notable for his imaginative bilingualism, his evocation of Chicano cultural values and urban experience. Kant What Is Enlightenment! Two of his poems, La Jefita and El Louie are among the most admired examples of recent Chicano verse. Gary Soto is probably the best known of contemporary Chicano poets.

Soto carries his ethnic consciousness visibly but lightly, and he moves easily across national boundaries, tracing lines of continuity between Mexicans and Chicanos. Like many of the finest Chicano writers, Soto shapes his art out of ordinary materials and experiences. Social! His work is highly autobiographical, and what is enlightenment, it is a feature of some importance that even as Soto delineates his ethnic pride, he also writes in who is sleep, English and tells of kant summary growing up in Fresno playing baseball. (See 2: 3043-3049) Among the more gratifying developments in Chicano writing recently has been the emergence of a strong group of women authors. By and large, these writers have been concerned to liberate the voices of women in cultures Mexican, Mexican American, and American that have not been traditionally supportive. They have sought to identify and root out practices of misogyny in the surrounding cultures especially violence toward women and they have sought to define problems expand the feminist agenda to include women of color and working class women. Is Enlightenment Summary! Among Chicana poets, Bernice Zamora and Lorna Dee Cervantes have been particularly powerful voices. In her collection, Restless Serpents , Zamora inveighs against boundaries, created largely by men, that restrict not only action but emotion and sexuality. (See 2: 2948-2951). In her major collection, Emplumada , Lorna Dee Cervantes celebrates the Chicana's poetic voice even as she laments the continuing circumstances of male oppression and complacency. (See 2: 3096-3103). I would argue that the major task now before Chicana and Chicano writers and for all American authors whose ethnic identities are central to their work is how to maintain their cultural distinctiveness while reaching out to other communities both to forge coalitions capable of addressing common problems and to reinvigorate their own traditions.

Old varieties of cultural nationalism seem all but exhausted. A Dream! Recently, Chicano intellectuals and artists have been discussing the concepts of borders and is enlightenment, mestizaje , the phenomenon, so fundamental to Mexico and Latin America, of mixing races and social, cultures. It may be that the is enlightenment, reformulation of these concepts, esthetically and thematically, is the key to the future of Chicano expression and within a dream, its place in kant what is enlightenment summary, American culture. (All page references are to a dream within a dream poem The Heath Anthology of is enlightenment American Literature , Second Edition.)