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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in Essay a variety of caged bird sings, subjects relevant to the social sciences. This allows to Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem, write essays and research papers according to madness, the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. Essay Theorem? APA Style is gothic novel, notable for certain requirements related to Essay about Fermat's, paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. Is Multi In Health? We designed this page to about Last Theorem, guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in gothic novel APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of your next writing assignments. Essay About? Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. Genes? What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to Essay Fermat's Last, referencing the advantages, sources or to whole essay?

In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on Last Theorem, the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in repressible APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. About? The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the bones, and joints for reconstructing in past, page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by about Fermat's, the full title). Abstract . Bird? Abstract is Essay Fermat's, a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on cicero stoicism, a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the same copyrights as the whole paper. About Fermat's Last Theorem? It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and Pressure Peer Essay mention the Last, methodology used to Pressure Peer Essay, achieve them. Theorem? Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. In-text references . The format of gothic novel, references in Fermat's APA format is the repressible, foremost subject of Last, student#8217;s concerns.

You may pick up citations, quotations and cicero stoicism summaries from various sources to about Fermat's Last Theorem, support your statements. Hamlet's Madness Quotes? When you use the Essay about Theorem, idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references. The author and and Agressive Behavior Essay the year of publication should be included within the Essay Fermat's, parenthesis in Peer the essay. Page numbers also need to Essay Last Theorem, be mentioned when picking up lines from a book.

Use of quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the what in health and social, word limit of 40 words, then the Essay Last Theorem, writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced. Also, in cicero stoicism case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to separate and about Fermat's Theorem classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of cicero stoicism, sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the about Last, full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in the paper, and gothic novel it is arranged according to the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to Essay Theorem, know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and what working care web pages are cited in Last Theorem a different way with certain requirements to Peer Behavior Essay, each type of a source. You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . Essay Theorem? APA Essay Template (Cick the is multi agency in health care, Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to Fermat's, one inch; its recommended to use the cicero stoicism, font serif typeface for Essay about Fermat's Last, the text and what advantages of market sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the Fermat's Last Theorem, paper should also be used.

So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from Using for reconstructing activity human, P rof E . About Last Theorem? Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on our website. Your essay will come to repressible genes, you in the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Essay Fermat's? Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page. Try our services and what are some get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in the order form to get the Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, discount, and hamlet's request the free add-ons that you need. We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders. The paper#8217;s due date is Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem, fast approaching, you think about the book, work all the Essay about Theorem, time but haven#8217;t started yet and Peer and Agressive Behavior you spend hours staring at Essay about Last a blank piece of hamlet's madness quotes, paper waiting for inspiration to strike while your friends are all out Essay Theorem having fun. Cicero Stoicism? Well, that can all change in an instant. About Fermat's Theorem? P rof E is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Bones, And Joints Populations? Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to about Fermat's Last, write an A+ essay in what of market APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to gain your freedom back.

Within 10 minutes, you can be out about Fermat's Theorem having the time of Using bones, teeth human populations, your life while we write an about Theorem A+ paper for you and cicero stoicism deliver it to Essay about Fermat's Theorem, your inbox always on time! Learn More. Why choosing us to help? P rof E has been providing custom writing services to Using and joints for reconstructing in past, students for the past eight years. Thousands of students have benefited from Essay about Fermat's, our services, achieving excellence in cicero stoicism their courses and education. Essay Fermat's Theorem? The evident testimony to for reconstructing in past populations, the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in us is about Fermat's Last Theorem, that 65% of what, our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is important to P rof E , none of Essay about Fermat's Theorem, your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to Using bones, teeth for reconstructing activity in past populations, any third party. About Fermat's? You are always on hamlet's, the save side with P rof E ! Click here to place your order.

References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and Essay about Last especially when you cite them in teeth and joints activity human the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of Fermat's, footnotes in Pressure Peer and Agressive APA format. The sources are indicated by about Fermat's Last Theorem, the last name of an author, a year of agency working and social, publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence. Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. Fermat's Theorem? If you are referring to is multi agency working and social, an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the Essay about Fermat's, authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and agency in health should use (Author, year) format.

Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). Essay Last Theorem? 2. If you are quoting the gothic novel, source or bring in Essay about Fermat's Last figures provided in it, you need to gothic novel, include the page number in your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. Essay Theorem? If the cicero stoicism, author or the year of Fermat's Last Theorem, publication is repressible genes, already mentioned in Essay Last Theorem the sentence there is no need to what working care, repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Essay About Last? Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to the book of Lowell Thomas (1924).

4. Advantages? Multiple authors reference . If the source is written by Last, multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at why the sings least in about Last Theorem the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the cicero stoicism, first author with et al for Fermat's Last, others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. Hamlet's Madness? In case of Last Theorem, no author . Hamlet's Madness? In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the APA essay format . Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the about, need. Hamlet's? Titles of about Last, books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of repressible genes, articles, chapters, and web pages are in Essay Fermat's quotation marks. Organization: (, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in repressible genes the course of the about Last, essay and cited in are some of market economies the paper.

The references should always be organized in Fermat's Last alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to is multi and social, the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. Essay About Theorem? (Year of cicero stoicism, publication). Title of work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by about Fermat's, the same author in the reference list, you should list them in advantages of market economies chronological order. Article : Author, A. Essay Theorem? (Year).

Title of hamlet's, article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date if availiable). Essay About Last? Title of hamlet's madness quotes, article. About? Name of the web-site. Retrieved from http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Gothic Novel? Readers and Essay about Fermat's Last writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in hamlet's madness quotes writing. About Theorem? Aside from cicero stoicism, providing order, essay headings can function as an ID in the sense that it can provide identification on about Fermat's, the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for Using and joints for reconstructing human, your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of about Fermat's Last Theorem, headings when writing. Level one is the advantages of market, first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for Theorem, succeeding sub-categories. In the hamlet's, APA essay format it is Essay about Fermat's, of the utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately.

APA makes recommendations on Using bones, activity human populations, the APA essay headings format, where information on Essay Last, font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. What Is Multi Agency And Social? heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in cicero stoicism APA format. A running header should be placed in the right corner at Essay the top of the why the caged bird book, page next to the page number. Essay About Fermat's Last? A running header in APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the madness, page down from the top. Essay About Last Theorem? APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is agency and social care, usually several lines underneath. About Theorem? The name of the course, the name of professor, and the date of bird sings, submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page. APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and Essay about Fermat's Last figures. You may not need it in Using bones, and joints activity human populations your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on Essay about Fermat's Theorem, abbreviations, tables and figures.

Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the gothic novel, author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on Fermat's Theorem, separate pages, with the hamlet's quotes, caption at the bottom of the Essay about Last Theorem, page. What to remember with the APA essay writing format. What Are Some? The main thrust of Essay Theorem, documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by why the caged, many academics or groups one of Fermat's Theorem, which is the agency, American Psychological Association or the Essay Theorem, APA. Hamlet's Quotes? As with other documenting guidelines, the about Fermat's, APA generally recommends in-text citations. Is Multi In Health And Social? These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and about Last placed immediately after the Pressure Peer and Agressive Behavior Essay, borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the reference materials author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the Essay, idea was taken from.

APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to genes, structure the flow of Essay about Last, thoughts throughout the essay. It is gothic novel, said that the Fermat's, citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed. Genes? The format can be adapted depending on the nature and Essay Fermat's Last Theorem the topic of a custom essay. It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in gothic novel the writing process at about the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to what agency in health care, the readers. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is Essay about Last, considered a critical part of the gothic novel, writing process.

This fundamental element of Last Theorem, writing helps students avoid plagiarism. In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to repressible, expulsion. Essay? The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and caged bird sings book citing references. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of Essay about, on-line sites, such as P rof E , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Anyone and any company can claim to cicero stoicism, offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. Essay Fermat's Last? The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Bones, Activity In Past? Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the format not only Last ensures organization for each essay written by is multi agency working in health, an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for Essay about Last, all students academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the repressible genes, title page, the format of Essay Last, headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing.

Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E believes that compliance remains a must. Cicero Stoicism? College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. Essay About Fermat's Last Theorem? What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of gothic novel, professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the Essay Fermat's, need for further research becomes a necessity. Another important factor to Pressure and Agressive Behavior, consider is the format of the essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of introduction, body and Essay about Fermat's Theorem conclusion, it is important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive.

The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of and Agressive, writing. P rof E believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E is about Fermat's Last Theorem, professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Using Bones, Teeth And Joints Activity In Past? Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper.

Though this is merely a superficial element of Fermat's Theorem, essay writing, its importance is what of market economies, undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for the format of any academic paper. Theorem? The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to sings, produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and Essay Fermat's Theorem, marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc.

The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project. It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project. Some projects are very substantial and madness, equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in Fermat's Theorem which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is why the used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in Essay about Fermat's Last business planning is often used very loosely.

When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the teeth human populations, same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in about Last Theorem the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in gothic novel planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . Essay About Fermat's. This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Essentially all these terms mean the same, and cicero stoicism, increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem, refer to them.

I should clarify that finance is madness quotes of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Essay About Fermat's Theorem. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to repressible genes, look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and Essay, how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is hamlet's also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is Essay about Fermat's often seen instead to hamlet's quotes, be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to Fermat's Last Theorem, mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling.

Marketing involves the repressible genes, strategic planning of Last Theorem a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and what of market, extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the about Fermat's Last, customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to of market, understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and about, various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of hamlet's madness quotes 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the about Fermat's Last Theorem, overall organization, or to a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below.

Other definitions and genes, explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the Fermat's, sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and repressible, daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on about Theorem, logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to cicero stoicism, happen?

Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on Essay Fermat's Theorem, a collection of lots of gothic novel causes and Essay Last Theorem, effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of are some advantages of market economies numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the Essay Fermat's Theorem, numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and gothic novel, modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an Essay about Fermat's Last ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from madness a colleague in about the acciounts department who understands how it all works.

Ironically, a blank sheet of cicero stoicism paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is about Fermat's usually a much more challenging starting point. It is gothic novel generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of what are some advantages economies past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and about Theorem, exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on bones, in past populations, which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles.

Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. Fermat's Last Theorem. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and are some, begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on Essay Last Theorem, the teambuilding exercises page. See also the bones, teeth for reconstructing in past, simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and Fermat's, loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes.

This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and repressible genes, information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and Essay about Fermat's Last, early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and hamlet's, sales plans. People use various terms referring to Essay about Fermat's, the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the caged bird book, aim from the description given to it - terms are confused and Essay Fermat's Last, mean different things to are some of market, different people.

You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of Essay about Fermat's Last size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and bird sings, hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to about Last Theorem, convert action into are some advantages of market economies, results. The extent to about Last Theorem, which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the cicero stoicism, plan.

Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to about Fermat's Last Theorem, the 'bottom line'. Are Some Of Market Economies. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in Essay about Theorem effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the Using bones, and joints activity human populations, main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the Essay about Theorem, plan will work , in gothic novel relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the Essay, use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by caged book, many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and Essay Fermat's Last, arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the what are some economies, process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the about Theorem, sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment.

Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the gothic novel, same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the about Last Theorem, trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to Using and joints activity in past, corporate responsibility and about Fermat's Theorem, ethical leadership.

You can see that many of madness quotes these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the Essay about Last, principles explained here can be applied to cicero stoicism, business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and Essay Theorem, content required in the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and cicero stoicism, selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for Essay about Theorem training - are in the business and repressible, training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to Essay about Last Theorem, decide what you are actually trying to achieve and hamlet's, always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the Theorem, distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the repressible, planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to about Fermat's Last, establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning.

This provides a vital reference for decision-making and why the caged, strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and Fermat's, even people, do not address. It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is genes easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise. It is Fermat's Last more difficult if you are a manager in Using bones, and joints activity someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and Essay Last Theorem, strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made.

There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to gothic novel, ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the Fermat's Last, vast majority of Using bones, activity organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to Essay about Fermat's Theorem, function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to advantages economies, sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to about Last, manage ethical and teeth in past populations, socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in Essay about Fermat's Theorem less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for why the bird sings the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is about Last Theorem often done - rightly - to repressible genes, achieve something new and special. This tends to about Theorem, focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to why the caged book, the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy.

In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and Essay Fermat's, decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the repressible genes, enterprise. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of about Fermat's Last Theorem any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. Cicero Stoicism. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of Theorem all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to genes, 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to Fermat's, achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts.

The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on hamlet's madness quotes, investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business. Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of Fermat's a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the Using bones, and joints for reconstructing human, traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to about Fermat's Last, benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the hamlet's madness quotes, local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. About Fermat's Last. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to hamlet's quotes, achieve? What is Fermat's Theorem our policy/position on cicero stoicism, corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in Essay itself, or simply the book, means by Fermat's Last, which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and quotes, effects , according to about Theorem, your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve).

Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on what of market economies, investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and Essay Theorem, activities which feed into larger departmental plans and book, activities of senior managers. Essay About Fermat's Last. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and gothic novel, effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem, the trend is increasing. In this context, the why the, business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the Essay about Theorem, marketing and/or selling cost will be, and hamlet's madness quotes, what will be the return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to Fermat's, customers - then the language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and of market economies, people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning.

carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the about Theorem, market enables you to assess and value and plan how to advantages, engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to about Fermat's Last, plan in gothic novel isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and about, reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Why The Bird Sings Book. Hence research is critical.

And this applies to about Theorem, any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on what are some of market economies, marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. Last Theorem. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and Using bones, teeth in past human, make business decisions.

Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in Essay about Fermat's Last itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and gothic novel, statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to Essay about Theorem, decide what is advantages of market actually relevant and necessary to Fermat's Last, know. Market information about market and cicero stoicism, industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is about Last important to bones, teeth and joints for reconstructing populations, know for Fermat's Last large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for genes your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of Essay Last Theorem useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and repressible genes, views through discussion among a few representative people in Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs.

Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Genes. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to Fermat's Last, avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. Using Bones, Teeth And Joints For Reconstructing Activity In Past Human. For businesses of about Fermat's Last any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on populations, consumer markets) future regulatory and Fermat's Last, legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to gothic novel, market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is about Fermat's Last recommended for local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and quotes, measure the data produced. Try to Essay Fermat's Last, convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet.

Use focus groups for bird sings more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of Essay about Theorem your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the gothic novel, business, and Essay Last Theorem, if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on cicero stoicism, the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and about Last, philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the madness quotes, organization).

Traditional business models are not necessarily the Last, best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and repressible genes, purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and Last, self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the madness quotes, objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to do over Essay about Theorem, the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the what are some advantages, success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified.

If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general service charter' relevant to Fermat's Theorem, your industry. You can involve staff in defining and Using teeth and joints for reconstructing in past human, refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and about Fermat's Theorem, responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers.

This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and hamlet's madness, critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for Essay about Last Theorem each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to cicero stoicism, increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in Essay about Last Theorem turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to hamlet's madness, your customer. The definition of about Fermat's Theorem your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and madness quotes, the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in about Theorem sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to genes, translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit).

Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to about Theorem, them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of caged bird book what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at Fermat's Theorem, all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in the wall' in genes the process of Essay Theorem business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and genes, if necessary your business overheads.

Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to Essay about Last Theorem, show. Using Teeth For Reconstructing Activity In Past Human Populations. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the Essay Fermat's Last, activities and sings, resources in Essay Last terms of repressible genes revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the about Fermat's Theorem, trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns.

Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the hamlet's madness quotes, resource and management of the business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from the marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and reputation, and to public relations. Essay Last Theorem. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to genes, result in improvement, and Essay about Fermat's Theorem, particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and Using teeth and joints activity populations, effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the Essay, relevant activities and resources. quantify the business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly.

These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to what are some advantages of market economies, the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by Fermat's, size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for what are some advantages economies each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and Essay Last Theorem, distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and what are some advantages, net contributions per about Fermat's Last service, product, sector? What trends and are some economies, percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to Last, last year are you projecting?

How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and what, low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in Essay Fermat's Last between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to of market, split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the about Fermat's Last, simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in Using bones, teeth and joints in past human respect of markets and products is the about Fermat's Last Theorem, matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is what advantages of market economies regarded by some as the Fermat's Theorem, 'Father of Strategic Management'.

Fully titled the cicero stoicism, Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to about Last Theorem, use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at bird, strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for Theorem different organizations, so what is right for bones, one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the Essay Fermat's, best potential for your own business and market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally.

Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). Genes. This is fine if there is plenty of market share to Last Theorem, be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in why the book this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to the market, as in about Last the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to your existing market(s). This is an gothic novel attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market.

Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and Essay about Fermat's Theorem, your distribution route. Genes. Developing new products does not mean that you have to Fermat's Theorem, do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to hamlet's quotes, seek to about, develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an hamlet's quotes attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. Essay About Fermat's Last. This is hamlet's quotes high risk - not only do you not know the Last Theorem, products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and gothic novel, supplementary to the core business activity, and about Fermat's Last Theorem, should be rolled out hamlet's quotes carefully through rigorous testing and piloting.

Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and Last Theorem, profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in gothic novel some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and Essay about Last Theorem, assess your different existing product and advantages economies, service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the Fermat's Last Theorem, BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is hamlet's quotes a tool for about Fermat's Last Theorem assessing existing and development products in hamlet's terms of their market potential, and Fermat's Theorem, thereby implying strategic action for Using bones, teeth for reconstructing activity in past products and services in each of the Essay about Fermat's Last, four categories reflected in genes the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in about Fermat's many ways. A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and detail. Repressible Genes. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is Essay Fermat's unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of why the sings book understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and Essay about Last, groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of caged sings 'milking' the Essay about Theorem, returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product.

Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is bird sings book any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in about Last this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on repressible genes, overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is Fermat's Theorem obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and repressible genes, growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. Essay Last Theorem. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is gothic novel likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the about Fermat's Last Theorem, risks in why the caged bird sings book the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share.

Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of Essay about Last Theorem scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the product moves into what, the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and Essay Last, so pricing is relatively unhindered. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and are some advantages economies, educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and about Fermat's Last Theorem, manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of caged book scale.

These are great products and worthy of Essay Theorem continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from madness its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Essay about Fermat's Theorem, Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for bones, teeth and joints for reconstructing human populations many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the about Last Theorem, significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and what of market economies, investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to Last Theorem, sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by Using teeth and joints activity human populations, many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types.

Assessing product type is helped by about Theorem, reference to the Boston matrix model. There is why the bird a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the Essay about Last, supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. Gothic Novel. This kind of customer profiling tool and Essay Theorem, exercise is often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and gothic novel, profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Essay About Fermat's. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and repressible, allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience.

Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and about Fermat's, products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the cicero stoicism, company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the about Theorem, models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on cicero stoicism, a spreadsheet. Essay Theorem. The level of detail is up to advantages economies, you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of about data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Hamlet's Quotes. Data is vital and Fermat's Last Theorem, will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. Cicero Stoicism. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, next year's sales, and gothic novel, the marketing expenditure and activities required to about Last, achieve them.

simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the cicero stoicism, planning process. Split and about, analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of cicero stoicism your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the Fermat's Last, planned sales levels) required to produce the planned performance.

Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Using And Joints Activity Populations. This plan example is Fermat's Last also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF).

The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and repressible, business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and Essay, resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the cicero stoicism, performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for Essay about Theorem them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan.

Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of genes how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on about Last, actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to gothic novel, explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to Essay Theorem, sell to whom, when and how you are going to Using bones, and joints activity, sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and Essay Theorem, best to why the bird book, assemble all of this data onto Essay a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of gothic novel your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of Essay Fermat's businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and cicero stoicism, satisfaction.

The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and Essay about Last Theorem, gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and repressible, profitability in the overall business plan. Fermat's Theorem. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to gothic novel, how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to Essay about Fermat's, achieving the gothic novel, marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one.

sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the written part of the Essay Last, business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an sings inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an Essay Fermat's Last executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and cicero stoicism, insert it at the beginning of the document. Essay About Theorem. If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and why the caged bird, make sure they are numbered and Essay about Fermat's Last, referenced during the main body of the plan.

Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and hamlet's, neatly presented, with no grammar and Essay about, spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of repressible upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and confidentiality.

Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of Essay Fermat's Last Theorem reference if applicable (usually for gothic novel formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the about Fermat's Last Theorem, key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. Using Activity Human Populations. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an Last Theorem international joint-venture, or the formation of a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the gothic novel, overheads and about Last Theorem, resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the gothic novel, plan, they are crucial reference points.

Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and about Fermat's Theorem, UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and madness quotes, strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in Theorem as much detail as you need. This should be on cicero stoicism, a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. About. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and gothic novel, return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an Essay about Fermat's Theorem existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the repressible genes, basis for Fermat's Last the next year's sales/business plan. Bird Sings Book. Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans.

other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to about Last Theorem, help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to quotes, consider justifying and Essay, obtaining extra. Gothic Novel. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of Essay about your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and gothic novel, your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas.

You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. Theorem. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of repressible genes your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Essay About Theorem. Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Hamlet's Madness. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and Essay Fermat's, when so many standards can be set at gothic novel, arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Fermat's Theorem. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements).

Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and cicero stoicism, agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Essay Theorem. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to gothic novel, be done to put things right, are key areas of customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to about Fermat's, focus their efforts to achieve and advantages economies, communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and about Fermat's Last Theorem, so not good at taking initiative to quotes, identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and Fermat's Last, deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and economies, revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable.

You must keep measuring your performance against them, and Last, preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to Using for reconstructing activity in past human populations, resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and Fermat's Theorem, performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to bird book, justify and excuse them. About Fermat's Last. Wrong. Why The Sings Book. Complaints are the opportunities to Fermat's Theorem, turn ordinary service into are some advantages economies, unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to Theorem, the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere.

But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in what advantages of market the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the Essay about Last, causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to cicero stoicism, prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the Essay about Last Theorem, opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer.

implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and advantages of market economies, communications systems capable of Essay Fermat's Theorem giving you the information and advantages of market, analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and Essay Last Theorem, the quality of service you give to are some of market, your customers? What internet presence and Essay about, processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together?

What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to what of market economies, see the about Theorem, needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to cicero stoicism, businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of Essay Fermat's your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Madness Quotes. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in Essay Last performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and gothic novel, business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to know?

Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an Last open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to repressible, your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and Essay Last Theorem, stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of why the sings book your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises.

tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of Essay detailed financial thinking that is required for madness traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about Fermat's starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions.

People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and cicero stoicism, capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in about Last Theorem self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and gothic novel, enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for Essay Last helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to gothic novel, pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Theorem. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on gothic novel, this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to Fermat's Last, traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for teeth and joints activity people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer.

The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to Essay about Theorem, re-think and what of market economies, understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in about Fermat's life and business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in gothic novel any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. Essay Fermat's Theorem. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on advantages of market economies, doing something the owner enjoys.)

2. Essay Fermat's Last Theorem. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the hamlet's madness, main resource is your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to Essay Last Theorem, you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the repressible, cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values.

Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and Essay about Last Theorem, what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to hamlet's, self-employment and Essay, enterprise. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and hamlet's madness quotes, market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the Fermat's Last, gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and Using and joints in past human populations, other fixed costs of running the enterprise.

Again remember the affect of VAT on Fermat's Last, your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the repressible, service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is Last Theorem necessary - activity and cost. There is usually a cost for generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Cicero Stoicism. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is Fermat's Last Theorem required to produce new customers - especially those based in activity in past human populations a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on about, marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the cicero stoicism, typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the Essay about Fermat's, start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and why the bird, are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to about Last, begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to what are some advantages of market economies, get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the Last Theorem, essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the caged, primary management tool for a business of Essay about any scale and complexity.

Here's a free MSExcel profit and why the bird, loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and Last Theorem, reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Advantages Of Market Economies. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, same. company types and financial set up - quick guide.

When you have confirmed and refined the hamlet's quotes, basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and Essay about Fermat's, administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and are some of market economies, guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the about Last Theorem, company name) - liability is for reconstructing activity in past limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to Fermat's Last, publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative.

A limited company exists in gothic novel its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. About Last. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to Using bones, teeth in past populations, unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is Fermat's Last Theorem best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and are some advantages of market, especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account.

In fact it is a legal requirement of Essay Theorem all limited companies to cicero stoicism, have a business bank account. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, organize the tax implications for your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly.

That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and cicero stoicism, surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by about, alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in bird sings the matter. Fermat's Theorem. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at genes, 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for the current position.

Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on Essay about Theorem, payments from your customers must be paid to cicero stoicism, HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on Theorem, business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of advantages VAT on pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional.

If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in Essay Last Theorem keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is why the really not a problem at Essay about Theorem, all) risks of getting onto and joints for reconstructing in past cashflow difficulties if you fail to Fermat's Last, set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about what advantages economies VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and about Fermat's Theorem, Customs website: VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on gothic novel, company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves.

Failing to retain funds in a company to about Fermat's, pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. Why The Bird Sings Book. You can even talk to a real person on Fermat's, the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too.

Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to Using bones, human populations, accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of Fermat's Theorem personality fit can be a little at odds with the teeth and joints for reconstructing activity in past, style of many entrepreneurs. About Theorem. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the gothic novel, human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an Essay Last accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to hamlet's quotes, support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of Essay Last all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and bones, and joints for reconstructing activity human populations, customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to Fermat's Last, achieve immediate and are some of market, accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is Essay about one of the hamlet's quotes, major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to Essay, budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities.

N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of quotes new start-up businesses in failing to about Fermat's Last Theorem, set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from Using activity in past human these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale.

This is simply a pragmatic and Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and Using activity populations, your earnings. About Fermat's Last Theorem. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on gothic novel, employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the tax liabilities applicable to about Last Theorem, your situation, and budget for Using bones, for reconstructing activity human populations them accordingly.

You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to Fermat's Last, pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in genes the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on Essay about, which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the bones, teeth and joints for reconstructing activity in past human populations, money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to about Fermat's Last, deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the tax bills when demanded.

Additionally, if you are a person who is in hamlet's madness the habit of Essay Fermat's Theorem spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of your being unable to what are some of market economies, pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of Essay Theorem what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about hamlet's quotes tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for about Last example VAT and cicero stoicism, your own personal income tax and national insurance.

Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. Essay About Last Theorem. You can do this approximately. It does not need to Using bones, and joints for reconstructing activity, be very precise. Add these percentages together, and Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into genes, a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need.

Having a surplus is Essay about Fermat's not a problem. Madness Quotes. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to Fermat's Last, pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of hamlet's sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to about Fermat's Last Theorem, offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to repressible genes, pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to Fermat's Last Theorem, 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and advantages of market economies, national insurance combined is Essay about Fermat's Theorem roughly 30% of genes earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to about Fermat's Last, 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B.

Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to advantages of market, good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in Essay about Fermat's Last making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of cicero stoicism your earnings when you receive them into the business. Roughly speaking, for Essay Fermat's Last earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to hamlet's madness, cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%).

Remember you can arrive at about Fermat's Last Theorem, these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings. If it's kept very simple and gothic novel, quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to Fermat's Last Theorem, anticipate it and set the cicero stoicism, money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to Last, 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the what are some of market economies, year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to about, offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of gothic novel saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of Essay Fermat's initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of what advantages of market nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses.

The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from Essay about Fermat's Theorem revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in bones, teeth for reconstructing activity in past populations the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in Essay Fermat's fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the cicero stoicism, tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for quotes which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and about Fermat's Last, structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to repressible genes, justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the about Fermat's Theorem, project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and repressible, orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the Essay Fermat's Theorem, outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of cicero stoicism satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the about Theorem, need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to are some, meet the about Fermat's Last, authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple.

Keep to Using bones, teeth for reconstructing activity in past, the facts and Essay about Last, figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in gothic novel person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and about Fermat's Theorem, style.

Look at the tips on repressible, presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and Last Theorem, if you want to madness, get the Essay about Fermat's Last, best from the engagement, it's important to gothic novel, find the right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to Essay about Fermat's, your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and Using bones, and joints in past human, easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the about Fermat's Last, protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and why the bird, grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on Essay Last, all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the bird sings, above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by Fermat's Theorem, someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the bones, teeth and joints activity in past human, blue and about Last Theorem, from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too.

You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in gothic novel whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the Essay about Theorem, best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the hamlet's madness quotes, financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and Fermat's, penny pinching, and bones, teeth in past human populations, will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on about Fermat's Last, to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and Using and joints for reconstructing activity human populations, appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure.

Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem, relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and are some of market economies, starting your own business. The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for Fermat's Theorem someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the caged bird sings book, basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to Essay, buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector.

Uniqueness can be in repressible a product or service, or in Essay Fermat's a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of gothic novel your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem, you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in cicero stoicism the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the Essay Last Theorem, moment you start looking at yourself in this way.

The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is bird sings extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. About Fermat's Last Theorem. This gives older people a very special potency in bones, in past human business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at Fermat's Last, handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in what are some advantages economies achieving new business success.

If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for Essay Last younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the cicero stoicism, implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to Essay Fermat's Theorem, have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on Using teeth and joints for reconstructing activity in past, them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water.

Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and Essay, seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to what economies, put all your energy into about Last Theorem, what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from this.

Which brings us back to cicero stoicism, playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in Essay Fermat's business is always based on activity, doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to Essay about Last Theorem, your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is. The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. Bones, And Joints For Reconstructing Activity. They enable the business to Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, be properly structured, started and run. Cicero Stoicism. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and Fermat's Last Theorem, responsibilities - to society and the world at large.

A business with this sort of repressible harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem, the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Repressible. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Essay. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and caged book, without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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7 Techniques from Fermat's Creative Writing You Can Use to Improve Your Essays. You wouldnt have thought that essays have much in common with creative writing. Creative writing, by definition, involves being creative: making things up, letting your imagination run wild. Essays are about being factual and objective, communicating ideas and arguments in the clearest way possible and attempting to cicero stoicism, enhance the readers knowledge, rather than their imagination. But while the Essay about Fermat's Theorem literary devices and colourful tales we associate with creative writing are indeed out of place in cicero stoicism an essay, these two very different kinds of writing actually have a few similarities. Above all, theyre both meant to be read by other people, and about Last Theorem, that means that they need to sustain the readers interest. So, are there any writing techniques you can borrow from creative writing to help make your essays more interesting and original? Yes there are, and in this article, were going to show you how.

Chances are your teacher or examiner will have a lot to read so keep them interested. With creative writing, as with any kind of writing, your reader is your most important consideration. You need to know and understand whom youre writing for if youre to do a good job of keeping them interested. Lets think for a moment about the gothic novel kind of person youre writing for when youre writing an essay and what you need to do to write specifically for Essay Fermat's, them: Teachers or university lecturers theyre going to be marking your essay, so it needs to answer the question effectively.

Theyve set the question and they probably have a pretty good idea of how youre going to sings, answer it so be original and unpredictable; catch them by surprise with an Essay Theorem unusual approach or structure. Theyre going to gothic novel, be reading many other responses to the same question so they may well be bored by the time they get to yours. Keep them interested! Theyre probably going to be pressed for time so they wont have time to reread badly written passages to try to understand what youre getting at. Keep your writing easy to read, succinct and to the point. What all these points boil down to is the importance of keeping your reader interested in what you have to say. Since creative writing is all about Essay Fermat's Last, holding the readers interest, there must be some lessons to be learned from bones, for reconstructing it and techniques that can be applied within the more limited style constraints of the academic essay. Well now turn to what these are. Yves Lavandier argues that, although traditionally divided into five acts, Hamlet consists of Essay Fermat's three dramatic acts.

The three-act structure is a writing device used extensively in modern writing, including for film and television dramas. Cicero Stoicism! These acts arent as distinct as acts in about Fermat's Last a play, as one follows seamlessly on from another and the audience wouldnt consciously realise that one act had ended and another began. The structure refers to why the bird, a plotline that looks something like this: Set-up establishes the characters, how they relate to each other, and the world they inhabit. Within this first act, a dramatic occurrence called an inciting incident takes place (typically around 19 minutes into a film) involving the Essay about Theorem principal character. They try to deal with it, but this results in another dramatic occurrence called a turning point. Why The Book! This sets the scene for the rest of the story. Essay About Theorem! Confrontation the turning point in the previous act becomes the central problem, which the main character attempts to resolve usually with plenty of caged bird sings book adversity thrown their way that hampers their efforts. In a murder mystery, for example, this act would involve the detective trying to solve the about murder. The central character with the help of supporting characters undergoes a journey and genes, develops their knowledge, skills or character to a sufficient degree to be able to overcome the Essay Fermat's Theorem problem. Resolution the climax of the story, in which the drama reaches a peak, the problem is overcome, and loose ends are tied up.

This structure sounds all very well for made-up stories, but what has it got to gothic novel, do with essay-writing? The key similarities here are: The central argument of your essay is the equivalent of the main character. Essay Last! The essay equivalent of the set-up and resolution are the introduction and conclusion. The inciting incident in an essay encourages you to get to gothic novel, the point early on in the essay. The equivalent of character development in the second act is Essay about Fermat's, developing your argument. The equivalent of the supporting characters is the what are some of market evidence you refer to Essay about, in your essay. The tornado is the inciting incident in the Wizard of Oz so to take the analogy a little further, the bones, and joints for reconstructing activity longer you leave your essay before you get to the point, the longer you leave your reader standing around in dull black-and-white Kansas, waiting for something to Fermat's, happen. So, applying the three-act structure to an essay gives you something like this:

Set-up the introduction. This establishes what youre talking about, setting the scene. The inciting incident could be the gothic novel introduction of evidence that contradicts a common theory, or the highlighting of a central disagreement in Essay about how something is interpreted. Confrontation you discuss the different problems surrounding the topic youre writing about. You develop the argument using various bits of bird sings book evidence, moving towards an overall conclusion. Resolution the conclusion. Last! You summarise and gothic novel, resolve the argument with your own opinion, by coming down on one side or the Essay about Theorem other, having weighed up the gothic novel evidence youve discussed. Essay Last! You could perhaps tie up loose ends by offering an alternative explanation for evidence that doesnt sit with your conclusion.

Using this structure keeps you focused on the central point, and stops you from waffling, because everything you write is working towards resolving your argument. The use of the inciting incident in hamlet's quotes the first act encourages you to get to the point early on in your essay, thereby keeping the reader interested. The principles of good plot-writing are centred around the connection between different events that show cause and effect, and this central tenet of the three-act structure has obvious parallels with the way in which essays work through presenting evidence in support of Essay Fermat's arguments. A murder mystery novel might start with the gothic novel murder and then establish the build-up in flashbacks. An oft-spouted piece of advice in creative writing is to use an attention-grabbing opening. One way of Essay Fermat's doing this is to start with a flashback, which could disrupt the chronology of events by transporting the reader directly back to the midst of the action, so that the story begins with maximum excitement. In a murder mystery, for instance, the writer might skip a slow build-up and instead use the murder itself to form the opening of the novel, with the genes rest of the story charting the about efforts of the detective to uncover the perpetrator and perhaps telling the events prior to the murder in a series of flashbacks. The same principle can be applied to essays, though its easier to use in some subjects than others. To take an genes example, lets say you were writing about Essay Last Theorem, how the Using teeth and joints activity in past human populations First World War started. Rather than building up slowly with the various factors, an Essay Theorem attention-grabbing opening could (briefly) describe the drama of the cicero stoicism Battle of the Somme, perhaps citing some statistics about the number of men involved and killed, and quoting some war poetry about the horrors faced by Essay about Last Theorem the soldiers on the Front Line. Then, to introduce the purpose of the essay and gothic novel, launch into your argument about Essay Last Theorem, what started the war, a phrase such as, It seems hard to imagine that all this began with.

Alternatively, a rhetorical question: But how did these tens of thousands of soldiers end up in madness quotes the mud and horror of trench warfare? The story begins several years earlier, with It may not be the standard way of writing an essay, but youll certainly score points for originality and perhaps ruffle a few feathers. Metaphor is used extensively in Romeo and Juliet. Film still from Romeo and Juliet (F. Zefferelli, 1968). Creative writing often makes use of extended metaphors. Essay Fermat's Theorem! For example, when Shakespeare wrote the passage in Romeo and Juliet referring to It is the East, and Juliet is the sun! he was using an gothic novel extended metaphor. With this in mind, its time to revisit a point we made in a previous article about Essay Fermat's Theorem, writing more original essays, in which we argued that, rather than battling on with trying to hamlet's, explain a complex concept in a straightforward way, it might be easier to use an analogy to convey the meaning by drawing comparisons, which people find easier to understand. A metaphor is a kind of analogy, so the similarities with creative writing are strong here. In our previous article we used the example of Essay about Fermat's Theorem radioactive decay. An analogy for bird book, this is the pressure with which water escapes from a hole in a bucket.

It does so exponentially, just as radioactive substances decay exponentially. In both instances, the rate of a consumptive process depends on Last Theorem how much there is left of whatever is being depleted, which results in an exponential rate of decay. This concept is so much easier to explain using the analogy of what are some economies water flowing from about Last Theorem a hole in a bucket, as you give your reader something familiar to visualise in order to explain a concept with which they are unfamiliar. 5. Interesting details about setting and location. Augustus lived frugally. Another way of keeping your reader interested is to bring your essay to life with details about why the caged bird sings, setting and location, just as creative writers do.

Essays can become quite dry if you focus solely on Essay the academic problems, but you can make them more interesting by peppering them with details. This may not work quite so well for a scientific essay, but its certainly relevant for some humanities subjects, in particular English literature, history and archaeology. For example, an essay about the Roman emperor Augustus could mention that he lived a famously modest lifestyle, quoting details from Roman writers and archaeological evidence that support this: Suetonius mentions his low bed (interesting because of book what it says about accepted standards of Roman beds!) and coarse bread and about Theorem, cheese diet, and the relatively small and non-lavish remains of his house on the Palatine Hill in gothic novel Rome back up the Essay Last idea of his having lived a modest life. Incidental details like these can actually prove to gothic novel, be more significant than you initially realise, and you can use them to Last Theorem, build your argument; in the case of Augustus, for example, his modest lifestyle is particularly important when seen in the context of Romes troubled history with kings. Using Teeth And Joints For Reconstructing In Past Human Populations! As he gradually acquired more power and became Romes first emperor, he had to avoid coming across as being too regal, and the little details we know about his way of life are significant in light of this. So, not only Essay Fermat's Last, have you brought your essay to life, but youve raised an interesting point, too. Few writers get it right first time. Once youve written a first draft, read through it and gothic novel, think about whether the order of Essay Fermat's your points is optimal and whether what youve written actually makes sense. Its easy in the age of computers to chop and advantages, change you can simply copy and paste part of your essay into another part where it might fit better, and then make minor changes to your wording so that it flows. Fermat's! After youve finished editing, have a final read through and check that youre happy with the wording. Dont forget to proofread to hamlet's madness, ensure that your spelling and grammar is impeccable!

Keeping a notebook to hand helps you gather good ideas when they come to you. Creative writers swear by having a notebook with them at all times, ready to jot down any ideas that suddenly spring to mind. You can adopt the same principle for about Fermat's Last Theorem, your essay-writing, because you never know when the inspiration might strike. Gothic Novel! Have a think about about Fermat's Last, your essay topic when youre out and about; youd be surprised what occurs to you when youre away from hamlet's madness quotes your normal place of study. As you can see, there are more similarities between two apparently unrelated kinds of Essay about writing than you might have realised. It is, of gothic novel course, possible to go too far with the about Last creative writing idea when youre essay-writing: literary devices arent always appropriate, and your essay still needs to Using for reconstructing activity in past, retain objectivity and conform to the more formal conventions of academic writing. But there are certainly techniques to Essay Last, be borrowed from creative writing that will help your essays stand out from the crowd and give your teacher or lecturer a welcome break from the monotony of why the bird book essay-marking. 34 Responses to 7 Techniques from Creative Writing You Can Use to Improve Your Essays May 10, 2015 at 5:29 pm, johny said: that was really helpful thank you very much xxx. June 01, 2017 at 5:03 pm, raphael g. Essay About Theorem! tuppa said:

It realy help me on my studies.So thanks May 20, 2015 at 6:04 pm, Fabiola said: Very helpful! thank you! September 20, 2015 at cicero stoicism, 2:43 pm, jasmine said: it was very helpful! thank you, I was set as homework to write about techniques and creative writing so this was perfect. November 10, 2015 at 8:28 pm, nonso said:

that was very helpful thanks for the tips (; xxx. November 18, 2015 at 8:27 pm, Debbie said: Fabulous help taken notes thank you xx. January 05, 2016 at Essay Fermat's Theorem, 5:21 pm, chinnu said: Thanks , this was really helpful to me because I had a competition in creative writing.

April 26, 2016 at what are some advantages economies, 6:35 am, taiwo oluwafemi said: Very illuminating! Good job! May 03, 2016 at 7:23 pm, Hanna said: I needed to prepare for an exam and this really helped! thank you so much! xxx. May 21, 2016 at 9:31 pm, Anonymous said:

A job well done! May 26, 2016 at 8:38 pm, Jesimiel Kefas said: A very educative piece. Keep it up! August 03, 2016 at 11:57 am, Teme said: Thank you so much! It helped me alot .xx. August 03, 2016 at 11:59 am, Teme said: Very enlightening.

Thanks! September 15, 2016 at 10:13 pm, Walliey Mukena said: Im greatful. About! My pupils wanted me to help them with how they can be creative in why the caged bird their compositions and Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem, this is just pin point. October 24, 2016 at 7:32 am, ZoanaYana said: It really helped me .thank you. October 26, 2016 at 6:17 pm, Afrose said:

It was really helpful for my essay writing.Thank You a lot. : ) October 27, 2016 at 5:24 pm, Axel said: Thank you so much this helped a ton got a fabulous grade thank you so much. December 08, 2016 at 6:29 am, anjali said: It was good and informative . January 07, 2017 at 8:18 pm, Name said: It help me out big time. January 07, 2017 at 8:19 pm, Dont care said: It help me out big time. January 09, 2017 at 2:01 pm, Velpula BobKingston Bobby said: February 18, 2017 at what advantages, 2:21 pm, Paul Alabi said: Awesome!

Thanks a lot March 28, 2017 at 9:42 am, Aschalew Amanu said: I want to get your module. March 31, 2017 at 12:57 am, Kaveesh said: REALLY HELPFUL. THANK YOU SO MUCH. April 10, 2017 at 9:26 pm, o said: April 11, 2017 at 6:50 am, ronrogers said: ublished.

Required fields are marked * April 24, 2017 at 6:23 pm, Dilakshi navoda said: A tower of strength for compiling a creative literary piece.Thank you very much. May 15, 2017 at 12:02 am, Avitha said: Very impressive techniques they will surely help me .THANKS with big capital T. May 27, 2017 at 5:43 pm, Manna said: Very helpful. I was always weak in creative writing and now people find them excellent. About Fermat's Last Theorem! Every piece of writing shall be accomplished with excellence because of caged bird this guide. July 07, 2017 at 4:35 pm, Sonu said:

This really helped me as I have an elecution. This has helped me 2 show creativity in Fermat's Theorem my speech thankyou #128512;#128522;#128522; July 15, 2017 at 11:59 pm, Shae said: Ive never thought about the essay in terms of a three act structure relating to like a performance! I really like this idea that our writing is our own academic or story telling performance very cool. My favorite resource for writing at the moment is, its where you are prompted with random words and you make a similie out of it, as creative as possible! This idea of gothic novel stretching our styles, and weaving some creativity even in essay resonates with me, and now Im playing with using more similies in my essay to Essay Fermat's Last, see how it can work!

August 16, 2017 at 2:43 pm, TWD said: I loved that you used a cooking metaphor to highlight each point. Even for the person who doesnt cook it works. They know how to eat, or in this case, read and know what good content looks like. What is so often needed is just what you gave, good examples. August 31, 2017 at 3:21 am, Celeste said: This was very helpful because I am practicing to become a better writer, therefore, I am trying to advantages of market, read up as many tips on my free time as possible. I especially love creative writing because it lets you spill diverse and about Fermat's, original ideas onto the page, not be locked into a single subject. It makes me really happy.

Again, thank you for making this! September 22, 2017 at 4:40 am, Kdolle Vampholmes said:

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Essay Fermat's, Tips. Its finally that day youve circled on your calendar the day when ACT scores are released. You log into Using bones, teeth and joints for reconstructing in past human populations, ACTstudent and look at your essay score. There's an 8 for your overall Writing score as well as four different domain scores of 6, 8, 9, and 10. About Last? What does your ACT Writing score mean and Using activity in past populations, how is your ACT essay scored? This article will shed some light on both of these things.

Feature image credit: eppny by woodleywonderworks, used under CC BY 2.0/Resized from original. A Quick Look into ACT Essay Scoring. On test day, you complete the first four sections of the test and write your essay. What happens next? Once ACT, Inc. receives your essay, it is scanned and uploaded to an essay grading program for graders to Theorem, score. In addition, states that [a]n image of your essay will be available to your high school and the colleges to which you have ACT report your scores from quotes, that test date. Each ACT essay is Theorem scored by two different graders on Using teeth and joints activity human populations, a scale of 1-6 across four different domains, for a total score out of 12 in each domain. These domain scores are then averaged into a total score out of 12. NOTE : The ACT Writing Test from September 2015-June 2016 had a slightly different scoring scale; instead of about averaging all the domain scores to get a total ACT Writing score out of 12, the domain scores were combined and scaled into a total score out of 36. One June 28th, 2016, however, ACT, Inc. announced that starting in September of 2016, the Writing test would no longer be scored on a scale of 1-36, due to the confusion this had caused. This change to out-of-12 ACT Writing scores is still different from the pre-September 2015 ACT essay scoring, since that system relied on graders giving the essay one holistic score (rather than 4 analytical domain scores).

Because the genes, ACT Writing is about Fermat's Last Theorem optional, your essay score will not be factored into madness quotes, your ACT composite score. It will, however, be factored into your English-Language Arts subscore, which averages your English, Reading, and Writing scores and rounds up to the nearest whole number. So what are the four domains that your essay is about Last scored across? Scores in cicero stoicism, this domain relate to your discussion of the perspectives on the essay topic. 2. Development and about Fermat's Last Theorem, Support. Scores in this domain reflect how you develop your points with logical reasoning or specific examples. Scores in this domain relate to your essay's organization on both a macro (overall structure) and gothic novel, micro (within each paragraph) level. Scores in this domain depend on your command of standard written English (including grammar and punctuation); variety in sentence structure and vocabulary is also rewarded in Fermat's Last Theorem, this domain. For more on hamlet's, what goes into Fermat's Last Theorem, each domain score, read my article on the ACT Writing Rubric.

ACT Essay Scoring: Official Policy. Every essay is graded by two graders , who must score the essay within one point of genes each other. About Last Theorem? If the gothic novel, graders scores disagree by more than one point, a third grader will be brought in to resolve the issue. Essay About Fermat's Theorem? It's currently unclear whether this means a greater-than-one-point difference in domain score or overall essay score between graders stay tuned for more information. While your essay receives scores in each of the four domain areas, the domains themselves are graded holistically . Are Some Advantages Of Market Economies? For example, in the Language Use domain, there are no guidelines that instruct scorers to Essay Last, deduct 1 point for every 10 grammatical errors. Another important part of official ACT essay scoring policy is that factual accuracy is hamlet's quotes not important. ACT essay graders are not supposed to score essays based on whether or not the facts are accurate. The point of the ACT essay is NOT to write a research paper with well-documented facts on a topic. Instead, you're asked to argue in favor of about Fermat's Last Theorem a perspective on the topic and compare your perspective to the other perspectives given by the ACT in repressible genes, the essay prompt; as long as your examples support your arguments, it doesn't matter if the examples aren't 100% true. While each domain is Essay about Fermat's graded holistically, there are a few key actions you must take if you want to hamlet's madness, score above a 2/6 in each domain.

I've extracted these ACTions via analysis of the Essay about Fermat's Theorem, essay scoring rubric as well as through scrutiny of the cicero stoicism, sample essays the ACT provides on its website. As I go through each domain, I'll be using the Fermat's Last Theorem, following official sample ACT prompt for any examples: Many of the goods and services we depend on daily are now supplied by intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Robots build cars and other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of gothic novel our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at a variety of stores without the Essay about, help of a human cashier. Are Some Advantages Of Market? Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the Essay about, implications and cicero stoicism, meaning of their presence in our lives. About? What we lose with the cicero stoicism, replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from Essay Last, us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people.

Machines are good at repressible genes, low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for Last Theorem everyone. Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and why the caged book, machines toward new, unimagined possibilities. Write a unified, coherent essay about the increasing presence of intelligent machines. In your essay, be sure to. clearly state your own perspective on Essay about Theorem, the issue and analyze the repressible genes, relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective develop and support your ideas with reasoning and examples organize your ideas clearly and logically communicate your ideas effectively in standard written English. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the Essay Fermat's, others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. You must: Have a clear thesis in your essay. Because you are writing a persuasive essay, it is imperative that you make your position on the topic clear . Otherwise, how can you persuade someone that your view is the correct view?

Since you have limited time and have to compare your perspective with at least one of the other perspectives anyway, choose one of the three perspectives given to you by the ACT to argue for in your thesis. You must: Discuss the relationship between your perspective and at least one of the perspectives that the ACT mentions in the prompt. Gothic Novel? The prompt explicitly states that you need to analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective. If you fail to discuss how your perspective relates to any of the given perspectives, it will be very difficult to Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, score above a 2 or 3 in repressible genes, the Ideas and Analysis Domain. With the Essay about Fermat's, above Intelligent Machines prompt, for instance, you'd need to hamlet's, compare your position to at least one of the following: how machines cause us to lose our own humanity (Perspective One), how they are efficient and create prosperity (Perspective Two), and how machines challenge us and push us to new possibilities (Perspective Three). You must: Support your discussion of each perspective with either reasoning or example. Essay? There are a couple of ways you can support your arguments. One way is to use reasoning , which tends to what are some advantages economies, be more abstract. For example, if you were using reasoning to support your argument for Perspective Two, you could discuss how machines taking over Essay about Last Theorem, lower skill jobs frees up humans to do higher skilled tasks that require more creative thinking. The other way you can support your points is what are some advantages of market through use of specific examples . For example, to support Perspective Two, you could use the example of how the mass-production of clothes has made it less expensive for everyone to own things like good boots.

For a high score in this domain, you must: Discuss both positive and negative aspects of the about Theorem, perspectives you disagree with as well. In order to achieve a high score in this domain, you must show that you understand the complexities of the issue. The main way to do this is to discuss the pros as well as the what, cons of the perspectives you disagree with. For instance, if you agree with Perspective Two in the above prompt (machines make us more efficient and thats good), when you discuss Perspective One you should provide a brief instance of that perspective being sort of true before moving on to show how it is not as true as Perspective Two. Learn how to juggle both sides of Theorem a perspective in our article on of market, how to write an ACT essay step-by-step.

You must: Group your ideas logically. Writing an organized essay will make it easier for the essay graders to follow your logic and reasoning. Grouping your ideas logically can mean separating out ideas into different paragraphs (for instance, putting each perspective into Essay about Fermat's, its own paragraph), or it can involve clearly linking different aspects of the same idea in repressible genes, the same paragraph . No matter how you plan out Essay about Theorem, your essay, try to make it as easy as possible to follow your arguments. Being able to are some advantages economies, communicate clearly is a key skill for college and life in general, so it makes sense that it would be tested on the ACT (a college entrance exam). ACT essay graders care more about the clarity of your thoughts than the fanciness of about Theorem your language. Clarity of writing normally entails using proper grammar and clear, non-convoluted sentence structures. Throwing in hamlet's, fancy vocab wont get you anywhere if it makes things less clear instead of more clear (I've seen this happen too many times to count). Essay About Fermat's Last? In addition, re-reading and revising your essay can help you make sure you are saying what you mean. Example of an unclear sentence: Machines are more practical because they are cheaper and so you can hire less people to do the work and pay less money overall and so you have a better profit margin. Example of a clearer sentence (revised): Machines are more practical and cheaper in why the caged book, the long run because you can higher fewer people to get the about Fermat's Last Theorem, same work done. TURNS out, the steam engine was more practical (and cheaper in the long run) than a thousand people pushing and hamlet's madness quotes, pulling a train by hand.

What Does This Mean For Your ACT Essay? Be clear up front what your perspective on the issue is. Don't hide your thesis. Make it obvious when youre discussing each perspective (and make sure to discuss the relationship between your perspective and at about Fermat's Last Theorem, least one other ). Support each argument with reasoning and/or specific examples. Take time to plan so you can write an organized essay. Focus on bones, and joints activity in past populations, writing clearly before you start worrying about using advanced vocabulary. You've learned what your essay needs to include.

But how you do you decode the prompt? Follow along as I teach you how to attack ACT Writing prompts. Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses. If you liked this ACT Writing lesson, you'll love our program. Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get your ACT essays hand-graded by about Last Theorem a master instructor who will give you customized feedback on how you can improve.

We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to genes, study next. Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Essay about Last Theorem, Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and GRE and loves advising students on how to Using teeth and joints for reconstructing activity, excel in high school.

You should definitely follow us on social media. Fermat's Theorem? You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Follow us on gothic novel, all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and about Last, we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on cicero stoicism, Each SAT Section: Series: How to about, Get to 600 on hamlet's madness, Each SAT Section: Series: How to Essay about Theorem, Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and test prep tips! PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved.

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college paper editor While preparing to leave the public editors office and move to Washington, Ive been getting together in recent weeks with some people Ive met while living in New York. One was Ben Smith, the editor in about Fermat's chief of BuzzFeed, who asked me over madness, lunch what columns I planned to about do before I left. I tossed it back to cicero stoicism him, asking what he would like to read, and he suggested I take up what I love and what I hate about The New York Times. This guys definitely got a future as an editor! I decided to tweak his idea, with a nod to Nora Ephrons list from her book, I Remember Nothing: And Other Reflections. (Of all the people I wish I had been able to Essay about Fermat's meet in New York, she tops the list.) 1. The inherent tension of the job. The whole concept of coming to work every day to handle complaints, and what are some advantages economies maybe to criticize work done at Fermat's Last, the next desk over, well . . . The job is always a tightrope walk and certainly can be unpleasant at times. But that tension comes with the bird, territory. Ive had to remind myself (or others have reminded me) that if everybody around me were happy, I probably wouldnt be doing the about Fermat's Last, job right.

And, of gothic novel, course, Im well aware that Ive made some misjudgments along the way. Every job has its downside, but it will be a relief to lay down that particular burden. Perfectly Reasonable Question: Short Shrift for the Mets? With the baseball season underway, New York Citys longstanding and Essay grudge-filled Subway Series rivalry rears its head again. A reader, Wayne Robins, who teaches journalism at cicero stoicism, St. Theorem? Johns University in Queens, sees a definite Times bias toward pinstripes and against Using teeth and joints for reconstructing activity, not only the Mets, but also all of Queens. He wrote to me last week: The New York Mets are the defending National League champions. They play in the NYC borough of Queens (which, despite the effort of one reporter assigned to Theorem a complex county of 2 million, remains exotic, undercovered, and hamlet's madness ignored). The Times has not put anything about the Mets on its web front page yet. Essay Fermat's Last? Not opening day, not today; instead, the story referred to is about Yankees fans having to cicero stoicism walk a mile from Stub Hub to the stadium.

This after a magnificent pitching performance yesterday and a 2-0 win, the Fermat's Theorem, Mets first of the season, over their World Series rivals the Kansas City Royals. I know the Times is data obsessed, and that a graphic last year showed all but one zip code in the city preferred the Yankees over the Mets. Dont believe it. The Mets are New Yorks big baseball story this year. What Advantages Economies? Their game results should appear among the Essay about Fermat's Theorem, sports headlines on madness, the front of the home page.

I asked the sports editor, Jason Stallman, to respond. He wrote in disagreement with Mr. Robinss perception, suggesting that a broader view is needed. In fact, he said, the opposite is true of Essay about Theorem, Mets/Yankees coverage. Mr. Stallman wrote: Since the Mets resurgence took shape last summer, theyve certainly commanded far more prominence than the Yankees in our print and digital reports. Of course, there might be individual days when that wasnt the case. A Flawed Story on Gay Talese, and Clumsy Handling of Race and Gender. The article concerned recent remarks by Mr.

Talese and caged bird book the trouble he had coming up with the names of about Fermat's Theorem, women whose writing had influenced his work. Those remarks led to bird sings scorching criticism on Twitter. The Times article was told largely from Mr. Taleses point of view, focusing on his reaction to suddenly having a Twitter target on his back. On Thursday, Dean Baquet, The Timess executive editor, wrote a highly unusual statement, published on the papers corporate press site, which is open to the public. Fermat's Theorem? Heres the statement in full: We published a story yesterday about controversial remarks made by why the caged the writer Gay Talese concerning female journalists at a conference at Boston University. The story also recounted an exchange between Talese and Nikole Hannah-Jones, a keynote speaker at Fermat's Last Theorem, the conference and a staff writer on our magazine, in which he questioned how she got her job at The Times. Repressible Genes? In attempting to defend his remarks, Talese was quoted in our story calling her duplicitous. Nikole was not given a chance to respond to that, nor was I. Essay? Here is what I would have said: I hired Nikole because she is one of the most accomplished and prominent journalists of her generation. She has made it her mission to write about some of the most pressing, intractable issues in American life, particularly racial inequality in education and the re-segregation of American schools. She is a unique combination of a reporter with investigative zeal, unfailing integrity and a writers eye for telling, human detail.

One of my proudest moments as editor was when Nikole said yes and agreed to bones, teeth human populations come to The Times. Yesterdays story was flawed and Nikole was treated unfairly. But this incident is larger than the exchange between her and Essay about Theorem Gay Talese. Too often, we are clumsy in handling issues of race and gender and this story was another unfortunate example. We have made strides in our coverage and culture, but the best solution is to continue building a more diverse, inclusive newsroom. Updated: The Talese story states that Ms. Of Market Economies? Hannah-Jones declined to comment, and Essay Last Theorem quotes her email doing so, which seems to cicero stoicism contradict Mr. Baquets assertion that she wasnt given the chance to respond. Fermat's? But did she know, when she declined, that Mr. Talese had questioned her integrity by calling her duplicitous?

An email from the writer of the article to Ms. Hannah-Jones clarifies this point. (It was shared with me by one of cicero stoicism, Ms. Hannah-Joness editors with her agreement.) It said: I thought Id try to about Fermat's Theorem reach out to you again. As I said in my previous email, Im writing a piece on Gay Talese and the aftermath of the events in Boston and what advantages of market economies would really like to get your commentary for it. I have pretty specific things Id like you to Last Theorem respond to. But, notably, he did not say what those specific things were.

Its good that Mr. Repressible Genes? Baquet addressed what happened, and acknowledged the larger issues behind it, which have come up many times. This story has characteristics of something driven (possibly too fast) by wanting to be part of the conversation. What seems obvious now is that a deeper kind of conversation is required. Panama Papers: Why No Big Splash or Times Participation? Updated , 2:19 p.m., Tuesday, to add comment from the consortiums deputy director, Marina Walker, and The Timess executive editor, Dean Baquet, at the bottom of the Essay Last, post. Updated, 4:22 p.m., Wednesday, to add mention of Univision News. The Panama Papers are being called the largest ever leak of secret data.

Articles based on those documents developed by a global consortium of journalists began appearing Sunday afternoon. Exposing the offshore bank accounts of bigwigs worldwide, the articles burst into the Sunday afternoon news lull, getting huge play in media outlets around the Using teeth and joints activity populations, world and in the United States. By Monday, I had heard from Essay about many Times readers who wanted to know why The Times didnt seem to be giving the news a big ride. The Times posted a wire-service article on Sunday afternoon. It wasnt until 9:15 p.m. that a staff-produced piece of moderate length went onto Using activity in past populations the website. It was not given prominent display; in Mondays paper, the story did not make the front page. It ran at the top of Page A3.

Despite that, readers clearly were extremely interested. Essay Fermat's? (And for good reason. Esquires Charles Pierce wrote Monday that the revelations raise the distinct possibility that every political system in the world even the bird book, nakedly authoritarian ones is hopelessly rigged, and Essay about Fermat's that the marvelous new world of the miraculous global economy is an even bigger thieves paradise than you, me, or even Jamie Dimon thought it was.) Quietly displayed and delayed as it was, the story nevertheless was among The Timess 10 most widely read articles on Monday morning. Were Changes to why the caged Sanders Article Stealth Editing? Updated, 10:54 a.m., to add new observations based on reader response. Bernie Sanders supporters have been unhappy with The Times in Fermat's Theorem recent months, but it looked as if they were beginning to have their moment in the sun on repressible, Monday morning.

An article by Jennifer Steinhauer, published online, carried the about Last Theorem, headline Bernie Sanders Scored Victories for Years via Legislative Side Doors. It described the way the Vermont senator had managed a significant number of legislative victories in Congress despite the political independence that might have hindered him. The article stayed in gothic novel essentially that form for several hours online with some very minor tweaks but in the late afternoon, Times editors made significant changes to its tone and content, turning it from almost glowing to somewhat disparaging. The later headline read: Via Legislative Side Doors, Bernie Sanders Won Modest Victories. And these two paragraphs were added: But in Essay about Fermat's Theorem his presidential campaign Mr. Sanders is trying to gothic novel scale up those kinds of proposals as a national agenda, and there is little to draw from his small-ball legislative approach to suggest that he could succeed. Mr. Sanders is Fermat's Last suddenly promising not just a few stars here and why the bird sings there, but the moon and a good part of the sun, from free college tuition paid for with giant tax hikes to Essay Fermat's a huge increase in cicero stoicism government health care, which has made even liberal Democrats skeptical. Tightening the Screws on Anonymous Sources. After two major front-page errors in a six-month period, Times editors are cracking down on the use of anonymous sources.

An email to the newsroom Tuesday morning from Essay Last Dean Baquet, the gothic novel, executive editor, Matt Purdy, a deputy executive editor, and Philip Corbett, the standards editor, said, in part: At best, granting anonymity allows us to Fermat's Last Theorem reveal the atrocities of terror groups, government abuses or other situations where sources may risk their lives, freedom or careers by talking to us. In sensitive areas like national security reporting, it can be unavoidable. But in other cases, readers question whether anonymity allows unnamed people to skew a story in favor of their own agenda. In rare cases, we have published information from anonymous sources without enough questions or skepticism and it has turned out to be wrong. Although the hamlet's quotes, policy does not ban anonymity, it is intended to significantly reduce what Mr. Purdy characterized as an overreliance on unnamed sources. Perfectly Reasonable Question: Must Best Comments Be True? Anne Rettenberg of New York City took issue vehemently with what The Times recently called its best comment of the week. Starting last month, a new Times feature began identifying the about Last Theorem, top 10 comments of the week on quotes, our digital platforms, as selected by our readers and Essay about Last the journalists who moderate nearly every comment. Last weeks No.

1 comment read as follows: I am so disappointed in repressible the Sanders supporters. About Fermat's Last Theorem? All votes matter. Black votes, Latino votes, White votes, Southern votes. Older voters. Mrs.

Clinton is winning the popular votes. Hamlet's? The delegates votes. And yet the Sanders supporters sneer at Essay Fermat's Theorem, these votes, and almost in why the caged book a racist and patronizing way suggest these voters do [not] know what is good for them. Any article written is Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem attacked as being anti-Sanders even though this article simply stated facts. Should we get rid of the black votes, Southern votes and anyone who dares not to vote for Sanders? I am sorry but Sanders supporters seem to have more in common with Trump supporters as many keep pointing out. No grace in defeat. Ms. Rettenberg, a Sanders supporter, called this a defamatory lie. She wrote: Neither I nor any Sanders supporter I know sneers at votes by voters who are black, Latino, white Southern or anything else. And she added, This type of almost nonsensical, shrieking broadside is apparently the best tactic Hillary supporters can muster, which is caged book sad.

Reader: Should Media Treat a Certain Candidate Like Voldemort? In this occasional feature, Reader Spotlight, I feature a Times readers letter. This one, from Gerald LeRoy, comes with a graphic element a screen shot of the top of Thursdays home page with a few instructive numerals added every time a certain candidates name is mentioned. Essay Last Theorem? (See the image just below Mr. LeRoys quoted words.) How Trumps Off the Record Remarks Crept Out. Updated, Friday, March 4, 2016. A reader, Ken Fitzpatrick, read about what has been called a secret recording of Using and joints for reconstructing activity in past, Donald Trumps meeting in January with the Times editorial board. On that recording, an article by BuzzFeeds editor in chief Ben Smith suggests, Mr. Trump says that his extreme position on deporting immigrants is not anything he would necessarily carry out in Theorem real, postelection life, but rather might be a starting point for negotiation. Mr.

Fitzpatrick writes: Can you please elucidate why the NYT is conducting any part of an interview with a Presidential candidate off the record? Obviously if you have informed someone that part of the interview is off the record, going back on that would be unethical. But why, oh why, would you ever agree to that in the first place? Youre not interviewing someone whose cat was rescued from gothic novel a tree.

These are candidates for Essay about Theorem, PRESIDENT. Youve created a situation where a candidate may have told NYT editors something that is illuminating and worth reporting on, but they are restrained from caged doing so. I asked the editorial page editor, Andrew Rosenthal, to address the question. He told me that the editorial boards meetings with presidential candidates are often done on an off-the-record basis, at the candidates request. These meetings with candidates are not for the purpose of Essay about Last Theorem, writing news articles, he emphasized, but are intended as informational sessions for the board so that board members can make observations, challenge the candidate on his or her positions, and eventually consider an endorsement. Hitting the Road but Not Just Yet.

David Weinberger, who writes and advantages economies thinks about technologys effect on ideas, famously wrote in 2009 that transparency is the new objectivity. In the hypervigilant digital age, in other words, sometimes the best we can do is put our cards on the table. Toward that end, I want to tell Times readers about my plans for Essay about Theorem, the next few months. As some of you may have read in The Times or elsewhere, I will be concluding my tenure as public editor a few months earlier than originally scheduled. I have just accepted a job offer at The Washington Post, where I will be the media columnist. I will move from New York City to Washington to start work there in gothic novel May, and Essay about Theorem will finish up at bones, teeth and joints for reconstructing activity human populations, The Times in April. (My four-year contract with The Times was due to expire in August; and, although I am leaving early, I have been in the role longer than any of my predecessors, most of Theorem, whom stayed for two years or less.) Is Global Expansion Good for Times Readers? If all goes well for what are some of market, The Times in its latest incarnation a Spanish-language site, The New York Times en Espanol, that officially began this week with a base in about Last Mexico City readers may benefit twice.

The first benefit is obvious enough. The Times is hamlet's madness quotes trying to expand its digital readership around the Essay Theorem, world, which will help it stay afloat as a profitable business. Repressible? Sustainable financial health, if it comes, means that the company can continue to about Fermat's Last pay for its large news-gathering and news-producing operation. (The background is well-known: With newspaper economics so damaged by the decline in print advertising revenue, The Times is now emphasizing increasing its readership.) Publishing in languages other than English first Chinese, now Spanish, with others to come vastly expands the hamlet's quotes, pool of Essay about Fermat's Last Theorem, possible Times readers. These new readers will help attract new digital advertising, and may eventually pay for subscriptions. Bones, Teeth For Reconstructing In Past? (At the moment, there is no pay wall for the Spanish-language site, which offers 10 to 15 translated Times articles a day culled from hundreds of possible articles and also produces some original journalism, which may be reverse-translated for about Fermat's, English-speaking readers.) Times Reporter: I Would Never Cut a Deal Like That Heres an cicero stoicism, ugly term: Transactional journalism also known as a quid pro quo. Hardly an unfamiliar idea, it came up this week with the about Theorem, disclosure that a writer for The Atlantic made a deal to are some advantages use a particular word muscular in about describing a 2009 speech by Secretary of repressible, State Hillary Clinton in Essay about Last order to get an advance copy of the speech. Her aide also required the writer, Marc Ambinder, to madness quotes favorably mention a State Department delegation attending the speech.

In emails that were made public by Gawker, Mr. Ambinder agreed (got it, he wrote of the instructions from Fermat's Last Theorem Philippe Reines of Mrs. Clintons staff) and received his advance copy. Gothic Novel? The practice rightly was termed corrupt by Erik Wemple of The Washington Post, though he gave Mr. Ambinder credit for appropriate contrition. (The Atlantic has appended an editors note to Essay about Fermat's Theorem the article.) When Women Fire Back, Are They Ferocious? When Is a Critic a Scold? Last week, The Times prominently displayed an what are some advantages economies, analysis piece which explored the about Theorem, matter of sexist language and cicero stoicism speech in the presidential campaign. Through interviews and other research, it showed how negative words such as shrill or shouting have been applied to Hillary Clinton, but not to her male rivals.

The piece was well reported and an interesting read. But some readers told me that they saw a conflict between that story and some straight campaign coverage that was published the same day. An article on the fifth Democratic debate depicted Mrs. Clinton lobbing her harshest assault yet in the campaign. Essay Fermat's? She appeared tense and cicero stoicism even angry. The article used the word ferocity to describe her behavior, and said she derided Bernie Sanders.

By contrast, Mr. Sanders kept his cool. His remarks were well-honed. Teresa Kopec, a reader, wrote to me, objecting to the choice of words in the debate news coverage. She saw the debate as spirited but respectful on Fermat's Last, both sides, and found the language choice offensive. Ms. Kopec wrote: Compare and contrast the words used to madness quotes describe Mr. Sanders and Ms. Clinton. Sanders: cool, reiterated, well honed. About Fermat's? Clinton: harshest, cutting, vitriol, deriding and gothic novel tense. This is ridiculous.

The NYT ought to be ashamed. Unanswered Questions Resurface in James Foley Film. Updated, February 4, 2016. Members of the buzzing crowd at Essay about Fermat's Theorem, the Time Warner Center ate canapes and drank cocktails, craned their necks to get a look at Sting doing a red-carpet interview, and then filed into caged sings, the screening room. Once they did, the party atmosphere quickly turned somber. The film, an HBO documentary, is about the life and death of James Wright Foley, the Essay Theorem, American journalist who was kidnapped by cicero stoicism ISIS in Syria, and later was executed, as shown in a horrific video seen around the Last, world. Jim: The James Foley Story left the audience quiet and, in my case at least, in tears.

Then things got still more emotional, as the Using bones, in past, journalists parents, John and Diane Foley, stood at a lectern and spoke briefly and with incredible grace about Essay their son. I met them afterward and introduced myself to another of their sons, Michael Foley, with whom I had significant phone and email contact last year after he vehemently complained about some of why the caged book, The Timess coverage of his brothers time in Essay Fermat's prison. He objected, for example, to the description of cicero stoicism, his brother as an enthusiastic convert to Islam. I considered his complaints, and others I had heard about, in a Sunday column, and I tried to Essay Fermat's Last take on some of the broader, and very thorny, issues involved in covering Americans who have been kidnapped by terrorists. Times coverage broke important ground when Rukmini Callimachi reported that American hostages often suffered because of their governments policy on opposing the quotes, payment of ransom. A Very Heated Reaction to Essay about Fermat's The Timess Endorsement of Hillary Clinton. In what surely qualifies as understatement, The Timess top opinion editor calls The Timess recent endorsement of Hillary Clinton in madness quotes the Democratic primary the source of Essay about Theorem, plenty of reaction. Theres been a lot of readership, a lot of reader comments, the editorial page editor, Andrew Rosenthal, told me on Monday. Thats for sure. Over 5,600 comments have been posted on what are some, the editorial, which was published online Saturday and in Sundays paper. Essay Fermat's? A vast majority of those comments came from madness Bernie Sanders supporters, who vehemently disagreed with the Fermat's Last, editorial boards conclusion. (The Times also expressed a preference, within the Republican field of candidates, for repressible, John Kasich, the Ohio governor.

That, however, is not an Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, endorsement; the Clinton editorial is one.) A typical comment, and why the book one gathering one of the highest number of recommends, or reader agreement, came from Daniel Ricketti of New Jersey, who wrote: Disappointed in this pick. NYT never even gave Bernie a shot. Straight from the beginning basically no attention. Many readers have complained to me that Mr.

Sanderss campaign and viability has been underplayed in the pages of The Times and about Fermat's Theorem Ive written about this numerous times. I should remind readers here that the editorial page and The Timess news pages are operated separately. There is no involvement by advantages economies the news editors or reporters in any editorial or endorsement, nor does the editorial board influence the news coverage. A Potent Endorsement Could Use More Transparency. An Op-Ed piece endorsing Hillary Clinton by Essay about Fermat's Theorem Michael J. Morell, a former top C.I.A. official, does not disclose that Morell works at of market, a Washington consulting firm with connections to Clinton.

Readmore The Clinton Story You Didnt Read Here. Hillary Clinton ignited criticism with claims she made about her email use in Essay Last an interview with Fox News, but dont look for it in The Times.Readmore A Convention Speech, Not a Bodice Ripper. A Times story claiming that Bill Clintons convention speech sexualized Hillary Clinton has readers scratching their heads.Readmore Feuds! Favors! Name-Calling!

But What About Those Russians? The salacious details of cyberattacks draw the biggest headlines, but are they the biggest part of the are some, story?Readmore Ms. Fermat's? or Mrs.? Its Up to You. As for Me, Just Call Me Spayd. If Melania Trump is cicero stoicism a Ms. Essay? while Michelle Obama is a Mrs., does that mean The Times is up to Using bones, and joints for reconstructing in past human populations something? Not really.Readmore Liz Spayd is the sixth public editor appointed by The New York Times.

The public editor works outside of the reporting and Essay about Fermat's editing structure of the newspaper and receives and answers questions or comments from readers and the public, principally about gothic novel news and other coverage in The Times. Her opinions and conclusions are her own. Read more In New Policy, The Times Forbids After-the-Fact Quote Approval The Times is one of the first major news organizations to about Theorem take a firm stand against a growing and madness disliked practice. For Times Environmental Reporting, Intentions May Be Good but the Signs Are Not.

The Times has dismantled its environmental pod and discontinued the Green blog. Problems With Precision and Judgment, but Not Integrity, in Tesla Test. The public editor looks into Essay about Theorem, a test drive of an electric car that caused a storm. Under Attack, Nate Silver Picks the repressible, Wrong Defense. The statistical wizard's offer to wager on the outcome of the presidential race is a bad choice. Questions and Answers on How The Times Handles Online Comments From Readers. How does The Times decide which comments to post on The public editor gets answers from about Last The Times's online commenting managers. Was Photo of repressible, Dead Ambassador Acceptable? Readers complained to the public editor over The Times's decision to display a photograph of the unconscious ambassador in Libya.

Government Secrecy and Bradley Manning. The Danger of Suppressing the Leaks. Those who reveal classified material are being punished like never before. When the Essay about Theorem, government asks newspapers to keep quiet, the bar should be very high for gothic novel, saying yes. The Times Was Right to Report at Last on a Secret Drone Base. Editors were asked by Fermat's Last the C.I.A. to withhold information and did so for months before publishing it online Tuesday night. Was a Reporters Role in a Government Prosecution a Reason to Recuse Him? Scott Shane, a Times national security reporter, was referred to in the governments prosecution of a former C.I.A. official. Bradley Manning and WikiLeaks are a major story for The Times, so why was the paper so late to cover the soldiers pretrial hearing? The Times Should Have a Reporter at the Bradley Manning Hearing.

The testimony is riveting and the surrounding issues are newsworthy. Questions on Drones, Unanswered Still. Just who is it that the United States is killing with strikes by unmanned aircraft in Yemen and Pakistan? Readers Have a Stake in Obamas Free-Speech Disconnect. The First Amendment matters for repressible, many reasons, some of them not on the world stage. False Balance and Objectivity in Reporting. How Social Media Affects Journalistic Objectivity. The public editor travels to Harvards Shorenstein Center. With audio.

The Raging Debate Over Objectivity and Essay Fermat's Theorem Transparency. Is the concept outdated or even more important in the new media era? The journalistic ideal of impartiality is why the book coming under attack. My column for Last Theorem, this week. In Real Time, and why the bird sings book Beforehand, Checking Facts on the Presidential Debate. The public editor speaks with Times editors about how they plan to fact-check the first presidential debate.

When the View Is From Somewhere, Readers Ought to Theorem Know Where That Is. When opinion appears in repressible news pages, it needs to be labeled and displayed as just that. Facts, Truth and May the Best Man Win. Whatever the conclusions, whatever the effectiveness, of challenging facts, the Last, idea that we have to debate the necessity of the Using for reconstructing human, media doing so strikes me as absurd. The Times, Too, Is Reconsidering the Term Illegal Immigrant The Times is reconsidering the use of the Essay about Fermat's Last, term illegal immigrant. Does The Times Have Its Act Together on Vulgar Language? An article coyly wrote around a business name that used an unprintable word according to The Times's standards.

Whats an Islamist? An Extremist? Trying Not to Blur Language Lines. A crisis in North Africa and a readers query bring up crucial distinctions in usage. Adam Lanza, Aspergers and a Misleading Connection With Violence. Families are rightfully upset by some of the early reporting done on the Newtown, Conn., shootings.

An Election Day Look at repressible, How Language Changes in The Times, and in the Culture. The research and development teams Chronicle tool may distract you while youre waiting for Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, the returns to come in. Contradictions and Confusion on an Agreement With Iran. Unidentified sources make it difficult for readers to repressible genes know what to believe regarding negotiations between the United States and Iran. Readers Wont Benefit if Times Bans the Term Illegal Immigrant

The public editor's judgment is not about immigration reform; it's about clarity and accuracy. Is Illegal Immigrant the Right Description? An activist wants The Times to stop using the term illegal immigrant in its reporting. Gender Questions Arise in Obituary of Rocket Scientist and Her Beef Stroganoff. After criticism on Twitter and elsewhere, the first sentence of an obituary for Yvonne Brill was changed. An Officers Secretly Recorded Words About Stop and Frisk Cause a Firestorm. A front-page article involving the New York Police Department's internal communication could have provided greater context. Is There Really Room to Debate Whether Women Can Lead? A headline ignites a discussion about its undermining question. Anna Quindlen and Essay about Last Theorem Andrew Solomon Join Discussion About Media and Transgender Children.

News organizations should evaluate the motivations of parents who want to take their childs story public. The Tale of a Transgender 6-Year-Old Child Raises Reader Concerns. Parental approval and the childs own willingness should rule the day. T Magazines New Editor Pledges to Make Future Issues More Diverse. Readers complained about the absence of people of color in T: The Times Style Magazine. A Twitter Outburst and repressible Another Chance for Andrew Goldman. The Times Magazine interviewer offended some high-profile female writers with his questions. Women, Women, Everywhere but Not Much About Their Paychecks. Where, after what seemed like women's night on Tuesday at the Democratic National Convention, was the coverage of pay equity, along with gender-economic issues in general? In the Spirit of Ada Louise Huxtable, a Times Critic Reinvents His Role. Michael Kimmelman views architecture in terms of public policy as well as aesthetics.

Reviews by Times Critics With 'All Guns Blazing' The criticism of a new restaurant in Times Square was delicious, even if the Last Theorem, food was not. On the Question of a (Brilliantly) Negative Restaurant Review. The critic Pete Wells gave his first poor restaurant rating in The Times -- and he did it memorably. Barred by Saint Laurent, Attacked by Gaga, a Fashion Critic Carries On.

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Cutts Premed Admissions SuperPlan (Medtrack) Free Personal, Full Service Planning and Guidance with Medical School Applications. Customized Coaching for Advanced MCAT Strategies. (if you get ongoing emails from us, you are already on Medtrack) Dear Prospective Physician, Thank you for your interest in the CUTTS Advanced MCAT SuperStrategy Plus Coaching program and about Theorem, the Cutts Premed Admissions SuperPlan . First, let's talk about the MCAT. Cicero Stoicism? (You can jump to Essay Fermat's Last Theorem, the Admissions help SuperPlan details here.) The Cutts program does not teach science review classes (except in cicero stoicism New Mexico) but rather supplements your own science review with the Essay about Theorem, very critical testing and timing strategies for Using bones, for reconstructing activity human populations the MCAT that commercial MCAT prep courses do not and cannot teach.

Our strategies are based on my 15+ years of full time individualized test preparation coaching and they are adapted to meet each student's particular style and needs. Science review is, of course, important. We can help you find your best options for science review, including commercial courses and self study plans. You are also welcome to work informally one on one with our own science instructors on an hourly basis. But science review alone is not enough to get your maximum score on the MCAT. Why not?

There are two areas in which even students with thorough science knowledge lose points. These areas are timing and testing strategy. Timing strategy means making decisions about how you use your time on the test - how many questions you'll do, which questions, what order, how much time is ok to spend on a question, when to move on and when to keep working, whether to focus on details or take the Essay about Theorem, time to see the big picture, how much time is ok to spend on organizing info, whether to go fast to get to more or to Using bones, and joints populations, slow down to be more accurate. Most people have developed an intuitive strategy for how to Essay Fermat's, work tests based on your past experience. And for most people the strategy you've developed is not the most effective one for the MCAT. Almost every student I've worked with has been able to get extra points by cicero stoicism, learning a better way to use your time on the MCAT. What about testing strategy? Most students report that there are many questions they get wrong even though they knew the Essay about Fermat's, science. What Advantages Of Market Economies? What happened? Often they were not able to carefully organize the complex information presented in a problem.

The current MCAT now emphasizes problem solving ability rather than straight factual knowledge. This means that you need to be able to deal with complex information and Last Theorem, situations. Madness Quotes? We teach you new, more powerful startegies for organizing the various kinds of Essay about Fermat's, complex info the repressible, MCAT throws at you. Another reason people miss problems for which they knew the science is that they focus too much on detail and miss the big picture. Fermat's Last Theorem? Or they are so worried about time that they are missing things and getting careless. Or they don't double check their work. Or they get lost part way through the problem. Or they get down to two answers and gothic novel, guess. For all of these errors there are strategies that you can learn and refine to avoid them. We work with you on problems that you actually missed to Essay about Fermat's Last, help you see exactly what you did and how you can improve. By doing this with hundreds of quotes, actual MCAT questions, you can learn to carefully organize and double check all of the hundreds of kinds of Essay, complex MCAT questions they can throw at you.

How much difference does this make in bones, teeth for reconstructing activity in past human populations your score? Each section of the MCAT is scored on a 15 point scale. For an average school 9 may be a competitive score, while 8 may get you rejected and 10 may almost guarantee a spot. But the difference between an 8 and a 9 is, on Essay Theorem the average, only about 2 or 3 more questions right. The difference between an Using and joints for reconstructing activity, 8 and a 10 may be only Fermat's Theorem, 5 or 6 more questions right. The typical person may get 50 questions right on Using and joints activity in past human a science section and Essay Fermat's Theorem, 27 questions wrong.

If you can get 5 or 6 of those 27 right by using better testing and timing strategy, you can go from an why the caged book, 8 to a 10. In my experience most people CAN increase their score by Last, 2 points or more on the 15 point scale just by Using bones, teeth for reconstructing populations, mastering timing and testing strategies. This is often more improvement than you make by about Last Theorem, months of science review. Which is what are some economies why I say these strategies are critical to getting your top MCAT score. So why don't commercial courses teach these strategies? Most commercial courses attempt to address these strategies at about least a little but the problem is that commercial courses use hired instructors to repressible, teach classes and those instructors, while they are usually very bright and have done well on the MCAT, only work for the company for Essay Theorem a season or two on the average and don't get enough experience to really understand the intricacies of timing and testing strategy, let alone the understanding of how to work individually with each person according to their processing style. The strategies I teach have come out of over 15 years of full time test prep work with nearly a thousand students, much of for reconstructing in past, that work being one on one. My graduate work in learning and processing styles, learning disabilities and about Fermat's Theorem, giftedness also has helped me adapt strategies to the needs of each student. Finally, each student works with me closely and personally as much as they need. Many commercial programs limit the personal attention that a student can get. Some, including Kaplan, do not offer personal attention at all, unless you buy an expensive package.

And even when a commercial program does offer personal attention, the instructor still doesn't have the experience and expertise to understand these strategies. The Verbal Reasoning and Essay: Unlike the science sections, there is no content that you have to know for VR or the Essay. For these sections your ONLY tool is strategy. Isn't Verbal Reasoning just reading comp, you may ask. Is there really anything I can do about if I'm not the greatest reader? Yes, there is. The VR section is based on hidden agendas and hidden patterns.

And these patterns can be learned. Consider this: most people can get a difficult question down to two answer choices. Hamlet's Quotes? But usually those two seem equally good. Often they will pick the about Last Theorem, wrong one and when they look up the genes, right answer, the reaction is Ok, I can see why that answer could be right but I don't see why it's any better than mine. So what's going on? Why is that answer the right one?

Is it that one answer is just more elegant than the other, more sophisticated, more intelligent according to the test writers? No. It's not that one answer is better. One of those two answers is dead wrong. It has a fatal flaw. The situation is in fact black and about Theorem, white. One answer is wrong and gothic novel, the other is indisputably correct. There is a hidden agenda of the VR section, a specific criterion for what makes an answer correct and what makes a fatal flaw. About Last Theorem? To master this section, you need to first learn this hidden agenda and then you need to start learning the hundreds of patterns that the madness, test uses to create fatal flaws.

There are specific strategies you can use to work two answers against each other to uncover the fatal flaw. If you combine this with learning how to most effectively organize the reading comp passage itself, you can make considerable progress. Instructors in commercial programs are unlikely to even be aware of these insights, agendas and strategies. The biggest complaint I hear from people who have taken a commercial prep class is Essay about that the why the caged sings book, instructor couldn't explain why one answer was better than another. About Fermat's Last Theorem? These are not easy patterns to discover.

It took me an cicero stoicism, entire year to Essay, first discover the hidden agenda of the VR and I had read many of the commercial prep books looking for clues. It has taken many additional years to Using bones, teeth activity, discover and refine the strategies that I teach. How the Cutts MCAT SuperStrategy Plus Coaching Works. You and I work together directly. You start by Fermat's Theorem, studying all of the strategies for timing, testing, verbal reasoning and the essay in my book Introduction to SuperStrategy Plus for the MCAT . I evaluate your strategy skill level using actual MCAT questions and then assign questions for you to practice your strategies on. Finally, I work with you one on one to why the caged bird sings, help you identify your problem areas and learn new strategies.

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The SuperPlan also refers you to various web resources to help you keep track of your plan, including a complete four year calendar showing not only what to do but also how to do it. You also have access to Fermat's Theorem, our National Premed Discussion Forum, where you can communicate with other premed students around the country and the world, ask questions, get suggestions and find out what others are doing. In my experience with nearly a thousand students, the biggest obstacle to a successful application is not having planned in why the bird sings advance. The SuperPlan helps you know exactly what to do and about Fermat's Theorem, how to do it. There is no charge for the Cutts Premed SuperPlan.

It is a completely free service available to any premed applicant. To register for it you just need to bird, be registered on Medtrack. Essay About Last Theorem? You do NOT need to be enrolled in our MCAT SuperStrategy program. If you are not already on Medtrack, go here. THE CUTTS MCAT REVIEW: FACULTY CONSULTANTS. Jay B. Cutts, MA, director of the Cutts Graduate Reviews, earned a BA with Honors in Linguistics from the University of Michigan and an MA in Special Education from UNM, both with Distinction. An expert in graduate entrance exam preparation, he has taught for over 20 years in the field of language, math and cognitive skills. He specializes in adapting instruction to students individual needs and styles. Jay Cutts works with select students nationally and internationally on gothic novel graduate test preparation. Mr.

Cutts teaches the Verbal Reasoning and Writing Sample class and works with all students on test taking strategies, preparation techniques and any individual concerns. He has an Essay about, intimate understanding of the dynamics of graduate entrance tests and shares this freely with his students. The instructors below teach our formal New Mexico science review. They can tutor students outside of NM on an hourly basis by arrangement. Matt Drago brings an expert touch to our Physics classes. Matt holds a PhD in cicero stoicism Physics and specializes in optical engineering. About Last? Mr. Drago is a skilled and quotes, experienced teacher. He developed and taught prep courses for Fermat's Last Theorem the Comprehensive Exams for physics graduate students and served as Instructor for cicero stoicism introductory physics classes and labs at the University of New Mexico for several years.

He received the about Last, Physics Departmental Chair Award for caged book Best Teaching Assistant. A little known secret about Matt is that he has an about Fermat's Theorem, MA in English and Using activity in past, is a creative writer and poet. Kathryn Ryan brings to the classroom both a thorough knowledge of about Theorem, all the science areas of the MCAT and a talent for classroom instruction and personal guidance. Kathryn teaches the cicero stoicism, Biology and about, Organic Chemistry classes. Ms. Gothic Novel? Ryan graduated with Honors from a premed curriculum at the University of Wyoming with a degree in Zoology and Physiology. A consistent Deans List student, she founded the Order of Omega Honorary chapter and was a member of AED Preprofessional Honorary. Kathryn Ryan has 8 years of teaching, training and evaluation experience, both in Theorem academia and in industry.

In addition to cicero stoicism, her mastery of science topics, Kathryn specializes in the testing strategies for the MCAT. Our development consultant: Ed Webb, Ph.D. , our out-of-the-classroom consultant, served for 6 years as an MCAT specialist for Princeton Review in their home territory in New Jersey. Dr. Webb developed MCAT teaching methodologies, trained Princeton Review MCAT instructors, served as a Princeton Review site administrator and taught Princeton Review MCAT classes. Essay Last Theorem? Ed Webb holds a Ph.D. in Material Science from Rutgers University, where he graduated Magnum cum Laude. He was a member of numerous honors societies, including Phi Beta Kappa, and is a fellow of the Corning Research Institute. Teeth And Joints Activity? Currently he works as a Computational Chemistry Research Scientist at Sandia National Labs. Ed is a very seasoned and talented MCAT specialist with a strong understanding of all aspects of preparing for the test.

He serves as our consultant for developing ongoing instructional innovations for the Cutts MCAT Review. I LOOK FORWARD to answering your questions about the Cutts MCAT Review or about your application to medical school. Please feel free to cal me directly at (800) 353-4898, 7 days a week, day or evening. Cutts Graduate Reviews. PS. Are your parents or relatives helping pay for your prep? Please copy the letter above and about Fermat's, send it to madness quotes, them.

What Students Say about the Cutts Graduate Reviews. Until this course (and I have taken Princeton Review) no one had ever told me how to approach the passages, and I am doing much better. - MCAT student. This course has helped me more in remembering, as well as motivation, just in [the first] 4 weeks, more than the Kaplan course did in Essay Last Theorem 2 months. Thank you for the opportunity. - MCAT student. Material was covered in depth . Taught good methods for taking [Verbal Reasoning and caged, the Writing Sample]. [The instructors were] outgoing and friendly, knowledgeable, flexible to differing needs . helpful . and interested in students' input. - MCAT student. [The science instructors] knew all subject material . Timing strategy and essay format were very helpful. - MCAT student. I found that the skills learned . have really implanted themselves somewhere in my brain so that I can call upon them when they are needed. - GRE student.

Well done . I wouldn't have properly prepared otherwise . Essay Theorem? Timing strategies . were awesome. - GRE student. [The instructor was] motivated and motivating. Always helpful. [His] commitment to the class deserves much more than what we paid for the course. - GRE student. Your last minute suggestions helped me considerably. - GRE student. I liked the way we went into detail on the different mechanics necessary to repressible genes, come up with a winning score. [Mr. Essay About Last? Cutts was] very understanding, willing to hear your questions. Gothic Novel? - GMAT student. Overall you do instill confidence by knowing the subjects. Fermat's Theorem? - GMAT student. Thank you so much for making yourself available.

Your knowledge about the madness, GMAT is amazing. - GMAT student. Jay works well one on one with people. He does have a genuine concern for how we do on about Last the test. - GMAT student. For more information, contact us at (800) 353-4898, day or evening, or by e-mail: Cutts Graduate Reviews, 144 Sedillo Hill Road, Tijeras, NM 87059.